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State of Environment

   State of Environment Report Karnataka 2011 | 2012

Funded by Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE) and Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), this is the second edition of the earlier State of Environment Report Karnataka 2003. It is more than an update as its scope was considerably expanded. New topics include agriculture, which is the state’s main livelihood provider, and education, which offers valuable entry points for conservation of natural resources. Also a discussion of climate change appears here for the first time, whose bearing on environment cannot be neglected. The report concludes a summary of recommendations and good practices vis-a-vis challenges identified.

This report is under preparation and will be available shortly.




Funded by Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE) and the ASEM programme of German Technical Cooperation (GTZ, now GIZ), this is one of India’s first urban state of environment reports. 22 authors prepared this document aided by an editorial team of 8 members. This report provides a close-up to specific urban issues and a broad, detailed assessment of problem areas while proposing an equally detailed action plan.


   State of Environment Report Karnataka 2003 | 2004

Funded by World Bank, this is the first holistic assessment of Karnataka’s state of environment. 25 subject experts representing 8 institutions author this work. An inter-departmental working group of Government of Karnataka facilitated the preparation. The report provides a comprehensive yet succinct analysis of current environmental issues and proposes actions to address these. Published in 2004, the document was printed in both English and Kannada.


Climate Change

   Karnataka State Action Plan on Climate Change – 1st Assessment | 2012

Funded by Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE) and prepared in collaboration with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), this document presents Karnataka’s first Action Plan on Climate Change. It consists of a detailed sectoral analysis based on published research findings and formulates an action plan keeping in view vulnerabilities and opportunities for sustainable development with climate change co-benefits in line with the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).

   Karnataka State Action Plan on Climate Change – Rapid Assessment of Sectoral Actions Initiated | 2010

The development of the Karnataka SAPCC was preceded by a rapid assessment of sectoral actions of Government of Karnataka. Funded by Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE), this review engaged 14 departments in a stocktaking exercise of actions already taken and plans in respect of climate change. These were reviewed keeping in view the mandate and scope ensuing from the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) as primary cornerstone.

   Monitoring of GHG emissions and carbon sequestration in Karnataka | 2007

Funded by the Biomass Energy for Rural India (BERI) project of Government of Karnataka, this study presents a methodology for estimating forest carbon sequestration stock and flow. It also assesses GHG emissions avoided through the substitution of fossil fuels with biomass gasifiers implemented by this project in 28 villages. The study was carried out in collaboration with Asian Nature Conservation Foundation (ANCF).

   Project design documents (PDDs) for CDM projects in Tamil Nadu | 2006

Project design documents (PDDs) were prepared for 3 projects for Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency (TEDA). Proposed projects focus on fuel switch from petro-diesel for the transport in Chennai, a 10 MW biomass power plant and grid-connected bio-fuel power generation of 120 kW for 4 villages.

   Project design documents (PDDs) for CDM projects in Karnataka | 2005

Three project concept notes (PCNs) were developed under the Climate Change Pro-gramme of Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF). They comprise of bio-fuel power generation, bio-fuel switch for public transport in Bangalore and afforestation. For 2 of these project design documents (PDDs) were prepared.

Industry & Environment

   Inventorisation of Red Category Industries In Karnataka | 2011

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) funded the preparation of an inventory of environmental data of 3,134 highly polluting industries. Data was collected in a monumental exercise from the original records of Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB). Sewage and effluent discharge, waste generation and pollution loads were analysed and extrapolated to all 13,000 operating Red classified establishments in Karnataka. The study concludes with recommendations for improving data management.

   Environmental Database for Peenya Industrial Area | 2009

Funded by Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE), this study assesses the status of air and water quality, waste management, wastewater treatment, noise and cleaner production methods in Bangalore’s largest industrial area. As an outcome, a repository for recording environmental data of industries was developed as tool for Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB).

   Carrying capacity for mining in Bellary district of Karnataka | 2007

This study generates baseline data for determination of the environmental carrying capacity in respect of mines. Funded by the Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE), the study identifies critical ecosystems and biodiversity hotspots, assesses the damage on roads and arrives at approximation for the carrying capacity.

   Environmental issues of Belekeri Port | 2007

Belekeri Port in Uttara Kannada district is a transit point for iron ore. The volume of ore and cargo moved had a dramatic undesirable impact: Road infrastructure, water quality, air quality and biodiversity degraded while waste and noise levels increased. A rapid assessment of impacts was carried out on the direction of Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE) with funding from local project proponents.

   Feasibility for establishment of a hazardous waste treatment facility in Bangalore | 2007

This study was undertaken for Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) in collaboration with Ex Corporation, Japan (now Ex Research Institute). It provides baseline information for the feasibility study of the planned (and now operational) treatment and disposal facility (TSDF) for hazardous waste. It assesses the regulatory framework and quantities of hazardous waste.

   SOPs for environmental reporting in mining, sugar and pharmaceutical industries | 2005

Industries classified as 'highly polluting' are required to seek renewal of consent under the Water and Air Acts every year. They are also required to furnish an annual environmental statement. To aid industries in the process of documentation, standard operation procedures (SOPs) were developed for three sectors: Mining, sugar and pharmaceutical industries. These SOPs, funded by Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE), propose reporting procedures that can be used as reference.

   EIA for the proposed landfill in Mandur | 2005

This environmental impact assessment (EIA) was conducted to project changes in the physical, ecological and the socio-economic environment of a proposed landfill. It characterises physical and social attributes, assesses air, water, soil, biological and socio-economic aspects and projects impacts of proposed facility. The EIA, prepared for the former Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BMP, now BBMP), concludes with an environmental management plan for the site.

   Assessment of brick kilns in Karnataka | 2003

Different brick kiln types operating in Karnataka were evaluated in this study in repect of technology and ambient air pollution. This appraisal sought to identify best options. A field survey was carried out by TIDE (Technology Informatics Design Endeavour) and funding provided by Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB).

   Evaluation of an effluent treatment plant in Bangalore | 2003

Eros Pharma, a pharmaceutical company located in Bangalore, is operating an effluent treatment plant (ETP) in its manufacturing facility. The present study was carried out to improve the efficacy the treatment in accordance with statutory requirements. The study assessed the functioning of the ETP, assayed the effluent and concluded with recommendations to bring the operation of the ETP to target level.

Biodiversity, forestry and agriculture

   Assessment of timber availability in Karnataka | 2009

This rapid assessment for Karnataka Forest Department (KFD) re-estimates timber availability in Karnataka. Besides forests this study considers wood from non-forest areas, imports as well as inter-state trade. It purpose is to provide baseline information for the review of the licensing policy for wood-based industries and concludes by lending support to issuing additional licenses.

   Preparation of 14 People’s Biodiversity Registers (PBR) in Karnataka | 2008

People's Biodiversity Registers (PBRs) were prepared for 14 villages in coastal Karnataka. They comprise Narimogru, Bellare, Uli, Thanneerapantha in Dakshin Kannada district; Marne and Maravanthe in Udupi; and Alkod, Kujali, Hulikal, Bedasgao, Nandolli, Magwa, Heggarani, Nandigadde in Uttara Kannada. They were prepared for Karnataka Biodiversity Board (KBB) in Kannada with involvement of local communities and funding from Asian Development Bank (ADB) through Karnataka Urban Infrastructure De-velopment & Finance Corporation (KUIDFC).

   Cultivation of medicinal, aromatic and other economically important plants in coffee estates | 2008

Mandated by Coffee Board of India, This study assessed the potential of 24 shade plant species to enhance revenue of coffee growers amidst falling coffee prices. Apart from cultivation practices, the study investigated the economic viability by assessing problems encountered by growers and the market potential.

   Flora and livestock diversity of coastal Karnataka | 2007

This extensive study for Karnataka Biodiversity Board (KBB) evaluates the coastal biodiversity of Karnataka. The purview includes mangroves and other flora, agro-biodiversity and livestock. Besides this report, the project concluded with an awareness and a training programme for the preparation of People's Biodiversity Registers. This work was funded by Asian Development Bank (ADB) through Karnataka Urban Infrastructure Development & Finance Corporation (KUIDFC).

   Pesticides in agricultural crops of in Karnataka | 2005

Pesticides are a growing concern for human health. Funded by Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE), this study investigates pesticides for agricultural and vegetative crops. It identifies pesticide types and levels for certain crops in six districts of Karnataka and assesses residues in crops, soil and water.

   Non-edible oil seeds production in Karnataka | 2003

Bio-fuels are gaining importance. This study investigates the production of potential fuel oils in 17 selcted districts of Karnataka. It focuses on important commercial non-edible oil species: Neem (bevu), pongamia (honge), hippe (mahua) and castor. Funded by Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE), this study investigates cultivated area, productivity, oil content, price and processing capacity as well as cultivation potential and incentives required.

Other subject areas

   E-waste waste in Karnataka | 2005

Funded by Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE), this study investigates electronic waste in Karnataka. A sample survey of households and industries was carried out to shed light on the composition of e-waste. Quantities were projected until 2020 and recycling and disposal practices reviewed.

   Environmental guidelines for “Karnataka Panchayat strengthening and poverty alleviation project” | 2005

Under this project environmental guidelines were developed to enhance the integration of environmental concerns in rural development. Environmental issues and impacts of developmental activities were identified in a field survey. Specific attention was given to institutional arrangements and capacity building needs. This work was funded by World Bank through Department of Rural Development & Panchayat Raj (RDPR), who implements rural development projects in Karnataka.

   Environmental and social assessment guidelines for Sujala Watershed Project | 2004

Back in 2004, when this study was undertaken, the Sujala Watershed Project was implemented in 5 districts of Karnataka. Funded by Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE), this study proposes guidelines for assessing the environmental and social impact of interventions of the project. Also a training module had been developed to familiarise stakeholders with the use of assessment tools developed.

   Review of local bodies acts and rules of Karnataka on environmental issues | 2003

With funding from Department of Ecology & Environment (DEE), this study reviews statutory roles of municipalities and other local bodies in environmental management. The review provides a close-up on accountability related issues within the legislative framework and identifies inadequacies based on which recommendations are put forth.​


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