Co-Operation Department Government of Karnataka
The greatest challenge to any civilized society is the economic deprivation it
harbours, in league with social deprivation. It is inescapable that a
collective war is waged to banish human deprivation from our midst. No other
organized set up can be more potent for this attack than building human capital
among the deprived, through sustainable cooperative Development Initiatives.
Congruity with human nature further enhances the value of such initiatives.
This principle is germane to the cooperative management in the Country and
Karnataka in particular, which encompasses the basic human feeling of
self-worth as its core. The cooperative strategy goes deep into the realms of
building financial capabilities and self-confidence especially among the rural
The Department of Co-operation is a vital Department of the Government of
Karnataka. The Department functions in close co-operation and co-ordination
with various other Departments connected with the implementation of
socio-economic plans and schemes.
The Department of Co-operation overseas the administration and functioning of
various Co-operative Institutions namely Textiles, Sericulture, Industries,
Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, Sugar, Horticulture, Agriculture and Irrigation
and also assist the societies financially besides providing technical guidance
Hundred Years ofCooperative Movement
The Co-operative Movement in India took birth in 1904 by the enactment of
Co-operative Societies Act 1904 and after making a long journey it has entered
into the new millennium with lots of hopes and expectations.
Two movements in the last century had a cascading effect on the well
being of the vast population of this country. The independence movement got
India rid of foreign yoke. Soon it was realized that political freedom had no
meaning unless the country enjoyed the fruits of sustained economic growth.
Independence movement was the movement of the people. And so has been the
Enshrined in both the movements had been the urge and aspirations of the
teeming millions of India – small and marginal farmers, landless laborers,
workers, members of the weaker sections of the community viz. handloom weavers,
fishermen, artisans etc. who were otherwise steeped in poverty and deprived of
the means and fruits of an economic upsurge for centuries. The post
independence era witnessed the saga of human struggle not only to better the
lot of the poor people but also to ensure equitable distribution of wealth and
in this endeavour cooperatives had a crucial role to play. People from various
classes assembled under the umbrella of cooperatives. Be it green
(agriculture), white (dairy), yellow (poultry) and blue (fishery) revolutions,
their success depended on the vast cooperative network spread in the nook and
corner of the country. The age old institution of money lenders crumbled under
the weight of credit cooperatives and banking institutions in rural and urban
conglomerations. Spread of the movement in non-credit sector also followed in a
Right from the fifties of the 20th century, the country charted its course of
economic development and chose mixed economy as the means to attain the goals.
Whereas public and private sectors were assigned specific roles., the
cooperative movement which has not been designated as a distinct sector even
today had to fight its own battle and carve out a niche for itself in the
economy. State participation in the financial set up of cooperatives became an
integral part of the deliberate policy of the Government to promote
cooperatives. Agricultural development became a major plank of the government.
Cooperatives were to support the massive programmes for increasing agriculture
production and creating suitable post- harvest facilities. The wide network of
credit movement was assisted by non-credit cooperatives in various areas of
There was mushroom growth of cooperatives in credit and non-credit areas. Both
credit and non-credit cooperatives had various tiers extending from primary to
national levels. There was massive diversification of cooperatives in all
spheres of the economy be it primary, secondary and tertiary sectors. Today
Cooperative Movement in India is the largest in the world. The movement has
permeated all walks of life i.e., agriculture, horticulture, credit and
banking, housing, agro-industries, rural electrification, irrigation, water
harvesting, labour, weaker sections, dairy, consumers, public distribution
system, tribals, international trade, exports, agri-business, human resource
development, information technology.
& Open Membership
Cooperatives are voluntary
organizations, open to all persons capable of using their services and
willing to accept the responsibilities of membership, without
discrimination on the basis of gender, social status, racial, political
ideologies or religious consideration.
Cooperatives are democratic
organizations controlled by their members, who actively participate in
setting their policies and decision making. Elected representatives of
these cooperatives are responsible and accountable to their members.
Members contribute equitably and
control the capital of their cooperative democratically. At least a part
of the surplus arising out of the economic activity would be the common
property of the cooperatives. The remaining surplus could be utilized
benefiting the members in proportion to their shares in the cooperative.
Cooperatives are autonomous self-help
organizations controlled by their members. If cooperatives enter into
agreement with other organizations including government or raise capital
from external sources, they do so on the terms that ensure democratic
control by members and maintenance of cooperative autonomy.
Cooperatives provide education and
training to their members elected representatives and employees so that
they can contribute effectively to the development of these institutions.
They also make the general public, particularly young people and leaders
aware of the nature and benefits of cooperation.
Cooperatives serve their members most
effectively and strengthen the cooperative movement by working together
through the available local, regional, national and international