Karnataka is one of the pioneer state to introduce Vocational
Education at +2 stage way back in 1977. Government of Karnataka has
established a separate Directorate of Vocational Education to support the
Vocationalisation of Education at +2 stage. Major vocational areas which
have been identified for imparting Vocational Education are :
2. Commerce and Business
3. Technical Courses
4. Job-Linked Courses
5. Home Science
Till the end of 8th Five Year Plan, Government of India was
providing assistance to cover 100% grants to course expenditure and other
grants like equipment, building grants etc. However, at present, The Department
of Vocational Education (DVE), Karnataka functions under the ministry of Primary
and Secondary Education, Government of Karnataka. At present, Vocational
Education is being imparted in 29 trades through 500+ colleges providing 891
course-units run in the following type of institutions :
1. Pre-University Colleges.
2. First Grade Colleges.
The origin of Vocational Education can be traced from the Vedic
Period. It descended from parents to children in the beginning. Later on in the
middle ages it was given an Institutional shape. The importance of
Vocationalisation has been stressed by several commissions set up for
suggesting reforms in Education. If the students are well equipped with
necessary skills and competencies in some Vocation at Secondary or Higher
Secondary level, they can face the life with confidence and also supplement
their family income.
The National Policy on Education (1986) anticipates that education
develops manpower for different levels of economy and the gap between the
school and the world of work should be bridged. Kothari Commission was
most emphatic to recommend vocationalisation of education. In order to
achieve the Vocationalisation of Education, Government of India introduced the
present existing system of Vocational Education at +2 stages.
EDUCATION AND CULTURAL RIGHTS:
To receive vocational education.
Right to such an education which develops personality, talent,
mental and physical efficiency.
CITIZENS AND AUTONOMY RIGHTS:
1. To have a name and nationality.
2. Protection from damage of individuality.
3. Right to express one’s own opinion.
4. Freedom to think, follow religion and analyse.
5. Right to participate in peaceful organizations and to organize.
6. Right to collect required information from various sources.
7. Right to protect individuality (Right to lead a private life)
8. Right to protection from cruelty, violence, inhuman acts,
improper behaviors and punishment.
9. Right to protection from illegal arrest and anything that mars freedom.
CO-INTEGRATED EDUCATION SCHEME:
Physically handicapped persons act 1995 has come into force as law
in the year 1996. It fixes the responsibility on the central as well as
the state governments. Those Governments are to provide various facilities
and services to physically handicapped children so that, like true citizens
they too can participate actively in activities and enjoy equal opportunities,
protection and complete progress. It is recommended to refer the act for
The main objectives of vocational education are:
(i) Enhancing individual employability.
(ii) To reduce mis-match between the demand and supply of
skilled man-power .
(iii) To provide an alternative for those pursuing higher
education without particular interest or purpose.
(iv) To attract the rural students towards