PULSE POLIO PROGRAMME
The last case of Polio in Karnataka was in November, 2007 and the state is free of Polio since then. India is certified as Polio Free as on 27th March, 2014.
Pulse Polio is an Immunization campaign established by the Government of India to eliminate poliomyelitis (polio) in India by vaccinating all children under the age of five years against polio virus. The project fights poliomyelitis through a large-scale pulse Immunization programme and monitoring for polio cases.
The Pulse Polio Initiative (PPI) aims at covering every individual in the country. It aspires to reach even children in remote communities through an improved social mobilisation plan.
• Not a single child should miss the immunisation, leaving no chance of polio occurrence.
• Cases of Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) to be reported in time and stool specimens of them to be collected within 14 days. Outbreak Response Immunisation (ORI) to be conducted as early as possible.
• Maintaining high level of surveillance.
• Performance of good mop-up operations where polio has disappeared.
• India was declared polio free in 2014.
• Setting up of booths in all parts of the State.
• Initialising walk-in cold rooms, freezer rooms, deep freezers, ice-lined refrigerators and cold boxes for ensuring steady supply of vaccine to booths.
• Arranging employees, volunteers and vaccines.
• Ensuring vaccine vial monitor on each vaccine vial.
• Immunising children with OPV on National Immunisation Days.
• Identifying missing children from immunisation process.
• Surveillance of efficacy.
Publicity was extensive, and included replacing the national telecoms authority ringtone with a vaccination day awareness message, posters, TV and cinema spots, parades, rallies, and one-to-one communication from volunteers. Vaccination booths were set up, with a house-to-house campaign for remote communities.