imm_routineimm

Last modified at 20/07/2016 14:32 by hfwnhm

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​ROUTINE IMMUNIZATION

UNIVERSAL IMMUNIZATION

The universal immunization programme was started to achieve 100 % immunization and to reduce the mortality and morbidity among infants and young children due to vaccine-preventable diseases such as tuberculosis (T.B.), Diphtheria, Whooping Cough, Tetanus, Polio and Measles. It is clear that coverage of different vaccination is increasing. Table 13.6 presents information on the achievement of different vaccinations in the State. The full immunization rate is 63.00% currently till September 15.
Immunization has proven to be one of most cost effective interventions. Vaccines provide immunity to the body by stimulating the body’s immune system against a number of killer disease producing organisms, thus saving the beneficiaries from the diseases, related to disability and death. 
Government of Karnataka has been providing vaccines free of cost to all pregnant women and children as part of Government of India’s Universal Immunization Programme(UIP). The routine vaccines are provided to beneficiaries at Immunization Sessions conducted regularly at all District and Taluk level Government hospitals, Community Health centres, Urban and Rural Primary Health Centres and also by organizing out-reach sessions at Health Sub-centres, Anganwadi centres or other locations close to the communities.
All Health centres prepare a Micro-Plan for carrying out fixed sessions at the hospital and out-reach sessions in the community. Conscious efforts are made by the Staff of Health Centres to include any families of migrant workers in their area in addition to the local population for including them to the Immunization Services.
The Immunization services are routinely provided throughout the year as part of the Universal Immunization Programme one of Government of India’s flagship National Programmes. Additionally Supplementary Immunization Activities (SIA) are organized to augment routine immunization through special Immunization Weeks as part of Mission Indradhanush which aims to cover the left out and drop out children. Some of the vaccines such as Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV), Japanese Encephalitis vaccine are also provided through mass vaccination campaigns to boost the immunization coverage in the community and to obtain better herd immunity.


​​​​​Vaccine Preventable Diseases and National Immunization Schedule
Government of Karnataka is providing vaccines to pregnant women and children with an aim to prevent the following diseases. Vitamin A supplementation is also provided along with vaccines.

Sl. ​No.

Disease

Vaccine

Beneficiary

How many doses given​?​

1.

Tetanus (Mother and New born)

Tetanus Toxoid
Injection

Pregnant women

2 doses 
(or 1 booster dose if received 2 doses in previous pregnancy with in the last 3 years)

2.

Hepatitis B

Hep B vaccine
Injection

At Birth <in 24 hours
and as part of Pentavalent vacine

Birth +3 doses

3.

Tuberculosis

BCG
Injection

At birth or as early as possible till 1 year age

1 doses

4.

Polio

Oral Polio Vaccine
Two drops orally

At Birth(with in 14 days), at 6,10 and 14weeks and a booster at 16-24 months age

Also during Pulse Polio campaigns for all children below 5 years

Birth + 3 doses in first year + 1 booster (5 doses)

Additionally all doses of OPV given as part of Pulse Polio campaigns

5.

Hepatitis B 
Haemophilus  Influenzae b type 
Diphtheria
Pertussis
Tetanus (children)

Pentavalent vaccine against five diseases in the first year

DPT vaccine for boosters

TT Vaccine boosters

Pentavalent at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age

DPT booster at 16-24 months age and at 5-6 years
TT at 10 years and at 16 years age

Pentavalent vaccine 3 doses

DPT 2 doses booster

TT 2 doses booster

6.

Measles

Measles vaccine injection

At 9 completed months till 12 months and again 16-24 months

Two doses

7.

Japanese Encephalitis (in select 10 districts only)

J.E. Injection

At 9 completed months till 12 months and again 16-24 months

Two doses

8.

Vitamin A

Oral supplementation

First dose with Measles vaccine – 1 Lakh units
8 doses at six monthly intervals till 5 years of age 
Each 2 lakh units

1+ 8 doses


Performance of Universal Immunization Programme

Vaccine Name

No. of Beneficiaries

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

(April to September)

BCG

1178976

1159252

1131948

1127020

546813

Pentavelent*

-

-

853719

1086558

547947

OPV

1115886

1127987

1057854

863393

432524

Measles

1062082

1085495

1030082

1044281

536199

DPT (Booster)

1130349

860455

894994

933998

490300

Polio (Booster)

1115886

850957

893404

930911

489903

TT (10Years)

777183

735010

703318

714250

429504

TT (16Years)

663688

677897

639792

670732

366488

TT (Mothers)

1259156

1245414

1195491

1208346

586138

Fully Immunized Children (%)

95

100

93

>100

63.00


Completing the Immunization as per the National Immunization schedule: 
It is extremely important that the beneficiaries make use of the Immunization services and complete all the recommended doses to the pregnant women and children. The beneficiaries/ parents of children are hereby requested to note the schedule of visits to Immunization Session sites so that they may benefit from completing the age appropriate vaccinations.

18During pregnancy:2 visits to Immunization sessions (to be clubbed with 4 visits
2At BirthBirth doses provided for Institutional Delivery
3In the first year of life:4 visits to Immunization Sessions (at 6, 10, 14 weeks at after 9 months age)
4In the 2nd year:1 visit (at 16 -24 months age)
5At 5- 6years:1 visit
610 years age:1 visit
716 Years age1 visit

In addition to the above all Children in 0-5 year’s age must be given all Pulse Polio Doses without fail whenever campaigns are organized.


NATIONAL IMMUNISATION PROGRAM SCHEDULE