RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY (ROP)
For Prevention and management of Infant blindness in Karnataka.
This is a disease that occurs in premature babies. It causes abnormal blood vessels to grow in the retina, the layer of nerve tissue in the eye that enables us to see. This growth can cause the retina to detach from the back of the eye, leading to blindness.
Childhood blindness in India accounts for a serious health problem. Retinal causes of infant blindness account for 22% of these causes. There is very limited governmental and Non-governmental action in this sphere. Several causes of infant blindness are preventable, of which the commonest cause is Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP). It has been estimated that approximately 8.7% of newborns are < 2000 grams. This would mean that close to 0.87 lakh newborns are at risk for developing ROP and would require screening. The number of trained ophthalmologists capable of screening and treating ROP are very few.
The Dept. of Health & Family Welfare through NRHM is implementing this project with the assistance of Narayana Nethralaya PostGraduate Institute of Ophthalmology (NNPIO), Bangalore and other leading eye institutions.