ndcp_ncd_npcb

Last modified at 20/07/2016 14:37 by hfwnhm

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 NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR CONTROL OF BLINDNESS (NPCB)​


INTRODUCTION
The National Programme for Control of Blindness was started in 1976 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme to counter the problems of Blindness due to various factors and also to reduce the prevalence of Blindness to 0.3% by 2020. The present prevalence rate of blindness is 1.9% as per National Survey 2001-02.

1. The Karnataka State Health and Family Welfare Society (Blindness Control Division) is working under National Health Mission (NHM) headed by Mission Director. The State Programme Officer will implement and monitor the programme through a network of Districts Programme Managers (Blindness Control Division) at Districts level as per the Guidelines of NPCB. Government of India releases the funds to the State Society for onward distribution of funds to all Districts Health &Family Welfare Society (Blindness Control Division) based on the Target assigned to each Districts.
2. Cataract is the major cause of Blindness. 99% of the Cataract surgeries are IOL inserted surgeries. The patient affected with cataract are treated free of cost in Govt. hospitals and NGO hospitals who have MoU with NPCB. Cataract camps are being conducted on regular basis throughout the state in both the government and voluntary sector.
3. Diabetic Retinopathy, Glaucoma management, Laser Technique, Corneal Transplantation, Vitreo Retinal Surgery, Treatment of Childhood Blindness etc., are also treated under NPCB in order to provide improved eye care services and control the incidence of blindness. The patient affected with any of the above eye diseases will also be treated free of cost in Govt. hospitals and NGO hospitals who have MoU with NPCB.
4. In order to detect refractive errors in school going children, the school teacher having their proximity to the children are trained in primary eye screening. The identified children experiencing difficulties in reading are immediately referred to the Para medical Ophthalmic Officers (PMOOs) for eye screening. The children detected with refractive error are provided free spectacles. 
5. 37 Eye Banks registered under Human Organs Transplantation Act are functioning in Karnataka including 3 Government Eye Banks at Minto Hospital Bangalore, K.R.Hospital Mysore and Districts Hospital Belgaum. As per the policy of Govt. of India under NPCB eye bank infrastructure is also improved to increase cornea collection and Keratoplasty. Accordingly 9 Eye Banks have been strengthened under NPCB so far. Incentives are also given to all the eye banks registered under HOTA for collecting eye balls in order to increase the cornea collection. Rs.35.49 lakhs as Incentives for eye ball collection has been provided during the year. 

Physical Target & Achievements – Cataract Surgeries

YearTargetAchievement%
2011-124,10,0004,51,566110.14
2012-133,54,6503,74,605105.65
2013-143,54,5603,62,481102.23
2014-154,04,5633,63,66189.89
2015-164,04,5632,69,562
(up to Dec-15)
66.63


Achievement of School Eye Screening Programme

YearNo. of Children ScreenedNo. of Children detected with Refractive ErrorNo. Spectacles given to Children
2011-1213,00,86520,45116,840
2012-1340,72,35823,59721,879
2013-1432,47,40232,48730,161
2014-1529,05,00447,00337,786
2015-1629,14,01149,93720,904
(up to Dec-15)

Target & Achievements of Eye Balls Collection

YearTargetAchievement%

2011-125,5003,06155.65%
2012-135,6003,49262.36%
2013-145,6003,49962.48%
2014-155,6003,93870.32%
2015-165,6002,93552.41%
(up to Dec-15)

Allocation Of Funds & Expenditure Of State Plan & C.S.S. Scheme

State Plan – 2210-06-101-8-02
YearReleased 
(Rs. in Lakhs)
Expenditure 
(Rs. in Lakhs)
2011-12135.00129.53
2012-13135.00130.66
2013-14183.25171.23
2014-15330.00195.34
2015-16260.00160.85


Grant in Aid released to Karnataka State Health &Family WelfareSociety (R.)
(Blindness Control Division) from Govt. of India:

YearReleasedExpenditure
2011-121114.821278.13
2012-131689.531236.00
2013-14935.00 (Including State Share)1250.61(Including Opening Balance)
2014-151890.73(Including State Share)1276.47
2015-16954.00581.34(Up to Dec-15)​