Karnataka state is one of the pioneer
states in the country in providing comprehensive public health services to its
people. Even before the concept of Primary Health Centers was conceived by the
government of India, the state had already made a beginning in establishing a
number of PHU's for providing comprehensive Health Care, and a delivery system
consisting of curative, preventive, promotive and rehabilitation health care,
to the people of the state. "HEALTH" is an asset to every person.
Karnataka State is situated in Southern
peninsular India and surrounded to west by Arabian Sea, to the North by the
State of Goa and part of Maharashtra, to the east by the States of Andhra
Pradesh and partly by Tamil Nadu and to the south by the State of Kerala and
partly by Tamil Nadu.
The total area of the state is 191791 Sq. Km.
and represents 6.2% of the total area of the country. There are 30 Districts in
the State of Karnataka, of which 8 are high focused Districts namely Gadag,
Gulbarga, Yadgir, Koppal, Bijapur, Bagalkot, Bellary and Raichur. The Districts
are further divided into 176 Talukas (blocks), containing 5628 Panchayats.
There are 27397 inhabited Villages and 1943 Uninhabited Villages.
Karnataka State is divided into 4 Divisions
namely Gulbarga Division, Belgaum Division, Mysore Division and Bangalore
Division, 30 districts, 176 taluks. The state has 29340 villages as per
census 2011 population out of which 27397 villages are inhabited.
For the purpose of prioritization of health
programmes implementation 8 districts of Karnataka viz., Bagalkote (Population
: 1,889,75), Vijayapura (population 2,177,331), Ballari
(Population: 2,452,595), Gadag (Population: 1,064,570), Kalburgi
(Population: 2,566,326), Koppala (Population: 1,389,920), Raichur (Population:
1,928,812) and Yadgiri (Population:1,174,271) have been categoriesed as High
Priority Districts as per 2011 census.
Health facilities and proximity
HOW MANY OF OUT OF THESE VILLAGE FALL IN
Number of villages with PHC within 10
kms/30 mins of walking distance
Number ofvillages with a 24 x 7 PHC within
10 kms/30 mins of walking distance
Number of villages with subcentres within
10 kms/30 mins of walking distance
Number of villages with CHC within 50
kms/30-60 mins of walking distance
Human Development Indicator
Health is an important development indicator
and has a great significance for the overall development of the state.
Achieving and maintaining health is an important ongoing process. The
Government of Karnataka has given significant importance to the health sector
during the last few years. Provision of good health care to the people is
an essential component of the health strategy adopted by the state.
The focus of possible health intervention is
to prevent and manage diseases, injuries and other health conditions through
surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviours, communities and
the environments. Provision of good health care to the people is an
essential component of the development strategy adopted by the State to achieve
overall socio-economic development.
Karnataka has made significant progress in
improving the health status of its people in the last few decades.
However, despite the progress, the State has a long way to go in achieving the
desired health goals. The State has made substantial progress in building
credible health infrastructure at different levels. The public
expenditure on Health is about 0.9% of GSDP during the 11th plan
The State has a wide institutional network
providing health services both in urban and rural areas. There are 20
District Hospitals, 12 Other Hospitals and 29 Autonomous and Teaching Hospitals
in the State. The primary health infrastructure in rural areas has
fulfilled the norms required under the “minimum needs programme” at the
aggregate level. There are 8871 Sub centres, 2355 Primary health centres
(PHC), 206 community health centres (CHC) and, 146 taluk hospitals catering to
the health needs of the rural population.
Infrastructure on Public Health Services of
the State Government (As on September 2013)
Type of Institution
Other Hospitals under Health & FW
Autonomous & Teaching Hospitals
Community Health Centres
Primary Health Centres
Health Centres under IPP
Mobile Health Clinics