Taluk Hospitals are set up either by upgrading the existing Community Health Centre as and when the hobli in which CHC is notified as a taluk headquarters by the state government. They are referred to as Sub-district (sub-divisional) hospital for the purpose of standardisation under the revised guidelines of Indian Public Health Standards (benchmarks for the quality expected from various components of public health care organisations). Taluk Hospitals are below the district and above the block level (hobli level) hospitals (CHCs);
Objectives of setting up Taluk Hospitals are:
THs act as FRUs (First Referal Units) in providing emergency obstetrics care and neonatal care and help in bringing down the Maternal Mortality and Infant Mortality. and cater to the needs of taluk population. TH forms an important link between SC (Sub-Centre), PHC (Public Health Centre) and CHC on the one end and District Hospitals on the other. It saves travel time for the cases needing emergency care and reduces work load of the district hospital. A CHC is entitled to be upgraded when the catering population increases to 5 to 6 lakhs. Bed strength to be provided are assessed based on annual rate of admission as 1 per 50 populations and average length of stay in a hospital as 5 days;
the number of beds required
for a Taluk Hospital for taluk having a populationof 5 lakhs will be around 100-150 beds. Taluk Hospital is expected to provide Essential (Minimum Assured Services) and Desirable (which it should be aspired to achieve).
Services provided in THs include OPD, indoor and emergency services. Secondary level health care services grouped as
Services (Minimum Assured Services) and Desirable Services. Essential Services (Minimum Assured Services) include General Medicine; General Surgery;
Accidents and emergency services including poisoning and Trauma Care; General Orthopaedic; Obstetrics & Gynaecology; FP services like Counseling, Tubectomy (Both Laparoscopic and Minilap), NSV, IUCD, OCPs, Condoms, ECPs, Follow up services Paediatrics including Neonatalogy and Immunization; Anaesthesia; Ophthalmology; ENT Radiology including Imaging services; Dental care; DOT centre; Designated Microscopy centre; AYUSH; Public Health Management; Integrated Counseling and Testing Centre; Disability Certification (as per guidelines notified by state Government) Therapy and Appliances Services provided under other National Health Programmes including lifestyle disorders Diagnostic and other Para clinical services: Laboratory services, X-ray, Ultrasound, ECG, Blood transfusion and storage.