The Board has been established by the Government of Karnataka vide G.O. No. FEE 125 ENV 2003 dated: 19-06-2003 as per provisions of Biological Diversity Act, 2002. The Karnataka Biodiversity Board has started functioning from 1-08-2003
The prime objective of the Board is to foster the institutional setup for documentation, sustainable use and development of the rich biodiversity of the state.
The totality of genes, species and ecosystems of a region defines the term ''Biodiversity'', where the interaction among all living species, climate and natural resources forms the environment. Diversity not only refers to the wide variety of plants, animals and microorganisms but also includes genetic differences within and between species and ecosystems. Though our country is endowed with rich biological resources, the sheen is waning away slowly due to rapid urbanization and increasing economic activities posing a threat to the environment. Hence, there is an urgent need to safeguard our environment through sustainable development, a development where the needs of the future generations are not compromised by the greed of the present.
In 1992, the first conference of its kind, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), commonly referred to as the 'Rio Conference' or 'Earth Summit' was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to achieve sustainable socio-economic development and to address urgent problems of environmental protection through institutional framework. This led to the dawn of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), a legally binding multilateral environmental agreement that has 196 contracting parties as its members which came into force on 29th Dec 1993. India is a party to the CBD and has setup the following legal framework for the compliance of the Convention.
v Biological Diversity Act, 2002
v The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmer's Rights (PPVFR) Act, 2001
v The Patent (Amendment) Act, 2002
The three main objectives of the Convention are
1. The conservation of biological diversity;
2. The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity;
3. The fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
The Biological Diversity Act, 2002
The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 enacted by the Parliament of India in 2002 came into force with effect from 5th February 2003, to conserve biological diversity, its sustainable use and sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources.
It is a Central Government enactment and is being implemented throughout the country. To detail the procedures to be adopted, the Biological Diversity Rules were notified in the year 2004. Karnataka Biodiversity Board was constituted in the year 2003 to implement the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 in the Karnataka state. The Government of Karnataka issued the Karnataka Biological Diversity Rules, 2005 (with effect from 29th June 2006) as per the powers conferred under the Section 63 of the Biological Diversity