The Karnataka Biodiversity Board is Head quartered at VANAVIKAS, Ground Floor, 18th Cross Malleshwaram, Bangalore-560003
The Board has been established by the Government of Karnataka vide G.O. No. FEE 125 ENV 2003 dated: 19-06-2003 as per provisions of Biological Diversity Act, 2002. The Karnataka Biodiversity Board has started functioning from 1-08-2003. The prime objective of the Board is to foster the institutional setup for documentation, sustainable use and development of the rich biodiversity of the state.
The Environment encompasses the interaction of all living species, climate and natural resources that affect human survival and economic activity. Hence there is an urgent need to safeguard our environment through sustainable development, a development where the needs of the future generations is not compromised by the greed of the present. In 1992, the first conference of its kind, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), commonly referred to as the Rio Conference or Earth Summit was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to achieve sustainable socio-economic development and address urgent problems of environmental protection through institutional framework. This led to the dawn of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was inspired by the world community's growing commitment to sustainable development. It represents a remarkable step forward in the conservation of biological diversity in general and genetic resources in particular. The Convention is a legally binding multilateral environmental agreement that has 196 contracting Parties (Countries) as its members and it came into force on 29th December 1993.
The CBD reaffirms that States have sovereign rights over their biological resources, and requests that countries would facilitate access to the genetic resources by other Parties subject to national legislation and on Mutually Agreed Terms (MAT). The CBD also provides for equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of traditional knowledge, and practices, with holders of such knowledge. It made it necessary for a national legislation to be put in place, which lays down the framework for providing access, for determining the terms of such access and for ensuring the equitable sharing of benefits. India is a Party to the CBD and has set-up the following legal framework for the compliance of the Convention those are
1) The Biological Diversity Act, 2002
2) The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmer's Rights (PPVFR) Act, 2001
3) The Patent (Amendment) Act, 2002.
The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 was enacted by the Parliament of India in 2002 which came into force with effect from 5th February 2003 and is being implemented throughout the country. The objectives of this Act is to provide for "Conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components, and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of commercial use of biological resources and associated knowledge"
To detail the procedure to be adopted, the Biological Diversity Rules of Central Government were notified in the year 2004. Karnataka Biodiversity Board was constituted in the year 2003 with the mandate to implement the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 in the Karnataka state. The Government of Karnataka notified the Karnataka Biological Diversity Rules, 2005(with effect from 29th June 2006) as per the powers conferred under the Section 63 of the Act.
Sections 3 and 7 of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 mandates the users of bio-resources for research or commercial utilization to obtain prior approval from the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) (non-Indians) and Karnataka Biodiversity Board (Indians)