Role of the farmer is now to get themselves empowered by coming under the PPP-IHD initiative. Instead of being at receiving end, now they have to act as drivers. Small and marginal farmers have to form a local producer organization and build up on their collective strength for access to better inputs (seeds, fertilizers etc.), access to better technology, and goodmutually agreed terms from private players. They have crucial role to play by providing better and standardized quality produce. They have a role to play in increasing productivity by shedding their reluctance and being more receptiveto new technologies.
Government through Department of Horticulture operates numerous schemes to improve horticulture productivity and financial condition of horticulture farmers. PPP-IHD tries to negate the limitations of earlier government interventions by bringing convergence among all stakeholders and departmental schemes. Role of the government is to act as a facilitator so as to harness the possible synergies,which are made possible after coming up of farmers and corporate on the same platform under the PPP-IHD initiative. And in this regard role of the government is nowmore crucial. Through the suitable interventions like technical support, farmer training, continuous monitoring, result oriented framework, extension of credit, and other requisite subsidies government would channelize the complementarities of other two partners in requisite direction. With focus on integrated development of horticulture supply chain, government mayprovide preferential treatmentto farmers linked with PPP-IHD, across the supply chain.Through this initiative government intends toempower the farmers, bring down the number of intermediaries in supply chain and bring additional value to all stakeholders.
Corporate sector is expected to bring their contribution in the form of project management, access to finance and technology, market presence, understanding of consumer behavior and better post-harvest facilities. Their role is crucial in streamlining the supply chain through early preparation of crop procurement plans, reducing payment settlement period, assurance of good crop price, provision of extension services. They can bring technologies that increase crop productivity and shelf life, post harvest facilities that providedifferential storage, packaging and transportation solutions and thus bringing significant value addition and reduction in wastages. The objective would be easily achievable if a company or group of companies is able to provide all inputs and to buy outputs from the group of farmers.
This Scheme implemented by Horticulture Department of Karnataka for empowering farmers to take care of their needs with backward and forward linkages. Already 58 Horticulture FPOs had been promoted across state of Karnataka and 34 more such FPOs are in anvil for financial year 2105-16. These FPOs are to be registered under The Companies Act 2013. Each FPO is comprised of about 1000 farmers mobilised as 20 members each Farmer Interest Groups (FIG). Government of Karnataka is providing support for the infrastructural facilities of such FPOs up to 90%. The PPP-IHD scheme may utilise these FPOs for intervention with innovative projects.