Demographic overview

Karnataka state​ is one of the pioneer states in the country in providing comprehensive public health services to its people. Even before the concept of Primary Health Centers was conceived by the government of India, the state had already made a beginning in establishing a number of PHU's for providing comprehensive Health Care, and a delivery system consisting of curative, preventive, promotive and rehabilitation health care, to the people of the state. "HEALTH" is an asset to every person.

Karnataka State is situated in Southern peninsular India and surrounded to west by Arabian Sea, to the North by the State of Goa and part of Maharashtra, to the east by the States of Andhra Pradesh and partly by Tamil Nadu and to the south by the State of Kerala and partly by Tamil Nadu.

The total area of the state is 191791 Sq. Km. and represents 6.2% of the total area of the country. There are 30 Districts in the State of Karnataka, of which 8 are high focused Districts namely Gadag, Gulbarga, Yadgir, Koppal, Bijapur, Bagalkot, Bellary and Raichur. The Districts are further divided into 176 Talukas (blocks), containing 5628 Panchayats. There are 27397 inhabited Villages and 1943 Uninhabited Villages.​


Administrative Divisions

Karnataka State is divided into 4 Divisions namely Gulbarga Division, Belgaum Division, Mysore Division and Bangalore Division, 30 districts, 176 taluks.  The state has 29340 villages as per census 2011 population out of which 27397 villages are inhabited.

For the purpose of prioritization of health programmes implementation 8 districts of Karnataka viz., Bagalkote (Population : 1,889,75), Vijayapura (population 2,177,331), Ballari (Population: 2,452,595), Gadag (Population: 1,064,570), Kalburgi (Population: 2,566,326), Koppala (Population: 1,389,920), Raichur (Population: 1,928,812) and Yadgiri (Population:1,174,271) have been categoriesed as High Priority Districts as per 2011 census.​

Health facilities and proximity




​Number of villages with PHC within 10 kms/30 mins of walking distance



​Number ofvillages with a 24 x 7 PHC within 10 kms/30 mins of walking distance



​Number of villages with subcentres within 10 kms/30 mins of walking distance



​Number of villages with CHC within 50 kms/30-60 mins of walking distance​



​Human Development Indicator

​Health is an important development indicator and has a great significance for the overall development of the state.  Achieving and maintaining health is an important ongoing process.  The Government of Karnataka has given significant importance to the health sector during the last few years.  Provision of good health care to the people is an essential component of the health strategy adopted by the state.

The focus of possible health intervention is to prevent and manage diseases, injuries and other health conditions through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviours, communities and the environments.  Provision of good health care to the people is an essential component of the development strategy adopted by the State to achieve overall socio-economic development.

Karnataka has made significant progress in improving the health status of its people in the last few decades.  However, despite the progress, the State has a long way to go in achieving the desired health goals.  The State has made substantial progress in building credible health infrastructure at different levels.  The public expenditure on Health is about 0.9% of GSDP during the 11th plan period.

The State has a wide institutional network providing health services both in urban and rural areas.  There are 20 District Hospitals, 12 Other Hospitals and 29 Autonomous and Teaching Hospitals in the State.  The primary health infrastructure in rural areas has fulfilled the norms required under the “minimum needs programme” at the aggregate level.  There are 8871 Sub centres, 2355 Primary health centres (PHC), 206 community health centres (CHC) and, 146 tal​uk hospitals catering to the health needs of the rural population. ​

Infrastructure on Public Health Services of the State Government (As on September 2013)

Type of Institution


District Hospitals


Other Hospitals under Health & FW


Autonomous & Teaching Hospitals


Taluk/General Hospitals


Community Health Centres


Primary Health Centres


Urban PHCs


Health Centres under IPP


Mobile Health Clinics