KARNATAKA HOME GUARDS AND CIVIL DEFENCE DEPARTMENT
Home Guards Organisation is an independent disciplined and uniformed body of volunteers constituted under Karnataka Home Guards Act 1962 (Act No. 35 of 1962).
The Home Guards Organisation in Karnataka was functioning in only Belgaum, Bijapur, Uttar Kannada and Dharwad Districts of Bombay Karnataka area from 1948 which became part of Karnataka State on 1-11-1956 consequent on the reorganization of States. Subsequently the organization was extended to other districts in the State in October 1962. The First Commandant General Sri.R.A.Mundkur, IPS., who assumed charge in April 1960 laid foundation for a solid structure on which the Home Guards Organisation has come up.
The membership of the organization is voluntary and open to all citizens of all walks of life. The members enrolled are given basic training at district level. Selected Home Guards are given advanced training at Home Guards and Civil Defence Academy, Bangalore. The training imparted to Home Guards enables them to act effectively in the service of community in times of exigencies, besides assisting the Police in the maintenance of law & order. Their services have become indispensable during fairs, festivals and conduct of elections etc.,
The Volunteers of the organisation are public spirited men and women who, while following their own avocations, voluntarily undertake to place their services at the disposal of the authorities to carry out such duties and functions in relation to protection of persons, security of property and preservation of public order or tranquility as may be assigned to them in accordance with the provisions of the Act and the Rules there under. A nucleus of full time paid staff is sanctioned for purposes of administration and providing necessary guidance and training.
The control and administration of the organization throughout the State is vested with the Commandant General, Home Guards now nomenclatured as DGP & Commandant General, Home Guards. He is assisted by [i] an IGP & Additional Commandant General (ii) a Deputy Commandant General, (iii) an Administrative Officer and (iv) an Accounts Officer at State Headquarters level and a Commandant, Home Guards and Civil Defence Academy and Assistant Administrative Officer in the training wing at State level.
Today the Karnataka Home Guards is reckoned as one of the best organization of its kind in the country.
The Motto of the organization is "NISHKAMA SEVA''.
The Home Guards Organization is functioning in all the 31 districts of the State. In Bangalore the activities of the organization has been bifurcated and distributed among 03 districts viz., Bangalore Rural, Bangalore North and Bangalore South. The sanctioned strength of Home Guards for Karnataka State by the Government of India is 25000. Government of Karnataka has raised the sanctioned strength to 30,000 taking into consideration the important role being played by the organization. At present 21000 Home Guards are on roll serving as volunteers. This includes 2568 Women Home Guards. Women Home Guards are serving in all the districts of the state expect in Yadagir District. District wise strength of Home Guards in the state are given in Annexure-I.
To train the newly recruited staff and In-service personnel and also the employees of various Government Institutions seeking basic training in First Aid, Fire Fighting and also to cater to the needs of other State Home Guards in Watermanship training course and the advanced training to the Home Guards of all the districts in the State, a well Established Training Academy viz., "Home Guards & Civil Defence Training Academy'' (CTA) is functioning at No.1, Annaswamy Mudaliar Road, West Bank of Ulsoor Lake, Bangalore-560042. Facilities to accommodate and train 50 personnel, at a time, are available in this Academy
The training courses being conducted regularly in the Training Academy is furnished at Annexure-III
EXECUTION OF DEPARTMENTAL ACTIVITIES
The Department functions under the Home Ministry of Government of Karnataka The Departmental Activities are carried out at three levels as detailed below :-
(1) State Headquarters controlled by the DGP and Commandant General, Home Guards who implements the provisions of the Home Guards Act enacted by the legislature and Rules framed their under and the departmental manual approved by the Government.
(2) At District Level implementation of the orders of the Controlling authority is carried out by the honorary District Commandant. At Taluk level, "The Honorary Unit Officers with the help of Unit Officers of important urban places'' carries out the instructions of the Commandant.
(3) Advance Training Programmes are conducted by the Home Guards and Civil Defence Academy, Bangalore at State Level. Besides the Academy takes care of chalking out entire training programme at District Level.
Mission and Objectives of the Department
1) Serving as an auxiliary to the Police Force during peace and L & O situations.
2) Maintenance of essential services.
3) Relief and Rescue operations during Manmade and Natural calamities / Disasters.
4) Providing Security to vital installations.
Our Vision for 2030
The department desires to construct regional training centers, at all the important regions (flood prone areas) and District Training Centers at all the District Headquarters and have buildings of their own at all the Taluk levels with facilities for stay of the Home Guards whenever they are drawn for training and bandobust duties, and also to provide advanced training courses to the strength of atleast 25% of the Home Guards on roll.
For the present the target strength of Home Guards is 25000. By 2030 it may be enhanced by atleast 50% by the State Government in consultation with Govt. of India. The department desires to create infrastructure for the same.
1. Home Guards Act: The Home Guards Act was passed during the year 1962 which empowers the Government to provide for constituting a voluntary auxiliary force to strengthen the Police Force in times of exigencies. It also provides for appointing Administrative Officers at different level, supporting voluntary members and their functions, duties, discipline and to frame rules by the Govt. to carry out the purpose of the act .
Home Guards Rules: These Rules were framed by the State Government during the year 1963 and titled as The Karnataka Home Guards Rules 1963 which describes the Rules and Procedures to be followed in implementing the Act. In these rules structure of the organization, recruitment procedure for the post of the District Commandant and other honorary members has been introduced.
Cadre & Recruitment Rules : Cadre & Recruitment Rules for the Paid Staff have been framed in the Karnataka Home Guards and Civil Defence (Recruitment) Rules 2010 issued vide Notification No. HD 114 SHG 2007(P) dated: 27-05-2011 w.e.f. 28-05-2011 i.e. the date of publication in the Official Gazette.
2. Home Guards Manual - Duties and Responsibilities from the rank of Home Guard to the rank of DGP and Commandant General in the executive wing and from the rank of Second Division Assistant to the rank of Administrative Officer in the Ministerial Wing and from the rank of Sainik to Commandant has been clearly defined in the Home Guards Manual. It also describes the basic training to be imparted to Home Guards at Taluk level and advanced training to be provided at State Headquarters Level and the training to be imparted to the instructional staff at State Headquarters and Inter State training centres. The manual also describes the allowances payable to volunteers, scale of uniforms, powers while on duty, incentives, ex-gratia amount, welfare measures, etc.,
Civil Defence is a voluntary organization functioning along with the Home Guards Organization. The Department comes under Home Ministry of Karnataka. The main object of this Organization is to protect life and property of the general public during external aggression & natural calamities. The volunteers have been enrolled and trained in basic Civil Defence and in various services aimed at implementation of Civil Defence measures. Government of India has declared Bangalore City. Mallapura in U.K.District and Shakthinagar in Raichur District as category II Civil Defence Towns in Karnataka and they have been continued as such during the year under report.
Civil Defence Measures are being implemented as per the paper plan by appointing Civil Defence controllers
The administration of the department is vested with the Director Civil Defence, Karnataka Bangalore. The DGP & Commandant General Home Guards holds this post as Ex-officio in addition to the responsibilities as Director General, Fire & Emergency Services, Karnataka State.
He is assisted by an Additional Director and a Deputy Director in the administration side. The IGP & Additional Commandant General Home Guards & The Deputy Commandant General Home Guards respectively hold these posts in addition to their Ex-Officio capacity.
The Commissioner of Police, Bangalore City, assist the Director of the organization as controller of Civil Defence, Head quarters service. The Deputy Commissioners of Uttara Kannada & Raichur Districts assist the Director as controllers for Civil Defence Activities at Mallapur & Shakthi Nagar Civil Defence Towns respectively.
The Civil Defence Activites are implemented under the Civil Defence Act and Rules 1968 enacted and framed by the Government of India. A Master Plan of Civil Defence has been published by the Government of India approving the staff pattern. A book titled Compendium of Instructions comprising reimbursement procedure of centre's share has been published by the Government of India. The General Principles of Civil Defence prescribes the services to be provided by the concerned State Governments as per the category of Civil Defence Towns in their State.
2 and 3. Mission / Vision of the Department:
The Civil Defence Warden Service in Bangalore is divided into 52 Divisions, the Department has a vision to appoint the minimum of 122 Civil Defence Wardens in each Division. The aim is to enroll 10,000 Civil Defence Wardens in Bangalore City. At present 7000 Civil Defence wardens have been enrolled. This will enable the Department to activate the other Services authorized for category – II Civil Defence Town in Bangalore. The department has vision to enroll one lakh volunteers for all the six services to be provided under the Civil Defence. Various Trainings are being proposed to Civil Defence Wardens enrolled to enable them perform various duties during Disasters. The Department has identified various strategic places like malls, theatres, schools visited by many people where mock drills may be conducted on various Disasters for the benefit of Civil Defence Wardens as well as the General public to face disasters both natural as well as manmade Disasters. Over 100 mock drills have been conducted and another 100 mock drills and demonstrations are in the pipe line in the present financial year. This will directly and indirectly spread awareness to about one lakh people in Bangalore.
4. Objectives of the Department:
The main objective of this Department is to save lives and minimize damage to property and maintain continuity of production. Civil Defence measures are an extension of the normal function of the various departments to suit emergent conditions and maintaining normal working in all spheres.
The Civil Defence measures include:-
a) Education and Training.
b) Co-ordinate and controlled warning system.
c) Rescue of casualties.
d) First Aid.
e) Provision of welfare facilities like evacuation to safe places, care of Home less, Storage and distribution of essential commodities.
f) Earmarking of Hospitals, Medical and Nursing staff.
g) Measures for emergency sanitation, alternate supplies of water.
h) Mobilization of transport.
i) Repairs to houses.
j) Lighting restrictions, camouflage of vital targets.
k) Salvage custody of valuables.
l) Special measure to protect essential Services vital industries.
m) Publicity, public Co-operation.
5. Acts, Rules and Notification:
Civil Defence Act – 1968.
1. Title – Civil Defence Act – 1968
2. Jurisdiction – The whole of India.
3. Definition – Any measures not amounting to actual combat for affording protection to any person, property place or thing in India or any part of the territory there of against any attack whether from air, land, Sea or other places or depriving any such attack of the whole or part of its effect, whether such measures are taken before, during, at or after the time of attack.
4. Power to make rules for Civil Defence :- The Central Government may for securing Civil Defence by notification, make rules for all or any other matter connected to Civil Defence .
5. Civil Defence Corps :- The State Government may appoint a body of persons called the Civil Defence corps and may appoint a person not below the rank of District magistrate as controller of Civil Defence.
6. It empowers the state Government to appoint as well as dismiss the controller and members of the Civil Defence corps.
7. It provides for matters relating to appeal.
Civil Defence rules, 1968.
The Civil Defence rules 1968, lay down the rules to be followed by Civil Defence Wardens in the course of performing their duties Shown below are the duties performs during disasters as mentioned below:
1. Control of lights.
2. Measures for dealing outbreak of fires.
4. Keeping of dangerous articles and substances.
6. Accommodation off evacuated persons.
8. Power to Slaughter dangerous animals.
9. Maintenance of water supply.
10. Power to require local authorities to take precautionary measures.
11. Protection of major ports and environments.
12. Protection of factories and mine.
13. Precaution against hostile attack.
14. Watching of premises to detect fire.
15. Safety measures in premises.
16. Prevention of spread of diseases.
17. Air raid shelters.
18. Civil Defence exercises.