Research Studies undertaken by Karnataka Jnana Ayoga


Pre-service elementary teacher education is very important for better academic output. As there were no plausible researches done in this field that can contribute to policy making in this direction, KJA had initiated a project to understand the pre-service elementary teacher education in Karnataka. This task was entrusted to RV Educational Consotorium. The project was headed by Dr. Mythili Ramchandran.


The objective was to document the physical, academic and human resources and assess the knowledge of teacher educators in core subjects, pedagogical knowledge and teaching skills and understand their class room practices . Based on the findings, the Study was to recommend measures that would enhance the quality of D Ed education in the State.

Research Methodology

A participative survey method was adopted to analyse the situation of D Ed colleges in Karnataka. A stratified random sampling technique was employed to ensure proportional representation of government, aided and unaided colleges from four educational divisions of the state. The sample comprised of 108 D Ed colleges, 600 teacher educators and 983 teachers' training students.


The findings of the Study can be summarised as follows: The colleges where the study was undertaken had adequate infrastructure; 65% of students who opted this course were females; 47% belonged to OBC category; 26% belonged to SC category; 71.4% belonged to low income group with an annual income of Rs.6000-Rs.12000; most of the students belonged to social science stream. Majority of the teachers were males (63%), average age was 37 years and very few (15%) had teaching experience in primary schools. They had attended an average of 2.5 training programmes in their entire career and showed poor readiness to implement reforms in school education. In all the colleges lectures were dominant with more stress on written work. It was a common feeling that curriculum was too heavy. Most of the educators felt that the time available for content enrichment was very less. The classroom environment in most of the colleges was by and large satisfactory.

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