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ALGAE OF KARNATAKA

 A Check-list

 

R.K. Gupta & S.K. Das

Botanical Survey of India

P.O.Botanic Garden

Howrah 711103

Support

 

R.N.M. Sahai, Chairman

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

 

R. K. Singh, Member Secretary

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

 

Government iversity Board

(Forest, Ecology and Environment Department)

Ground Floor, "Vanavikas"'18th Cross, Malleshwaram

Bengaluru 560003

 

ALGAE OF KARNATAKA: A CHECKLIST

R.K. Gupta & S.K. Das

Cryptogamic Section, Botanical Survey of India, Howrah 711 103, West Bengal

INTRODUCTION

  Algae are simple photosynthetic forms that lack embryogenesis. Algae are ubiquitous, a multitude of species ranging from microscopic unicellular to gigantic kelps inhabit the world's oceans, freshwater bodies, soils, rocks and trees and are responsible for most of the global production of organic matter by photosynthesis. They are major carbon-assimilating organisms. Thus they play a fundamental role in the world's ecosystems and a reliable and modern introduction to their kaleidoscopic diversity, systematic and phylogeny is indispensable. Algae are highly diversified group of plant with enormous economic implications not only as primary producers and pollution indicators but also as a source of several natural products like biofertiliser, biofuels, chemicals. In India ca. 7284 species (15.33 % of Indian Flora) belonging to 738 genera under 206 families have been recorged so far. In Karnataka state, a total of 1761taxa belonging to 109 families of the classes Cyanophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Xanthophycea, Chrysophyceae, Euglenophyceae, Dinophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Phaeophyceae and Rhodophyceae. Out of these 100 taxa are endemic to Karnataka and 46 taxa are endemic to India.

Class Numbers of taxa Numbers of families Numbers of taxa endemic to Karnataka Numbers of taxa endemic to India
Bacillariophyceae 632 37 25 7
Chlorophyceae 505 27 47 11
Chrysophyceae 20 4 1 -
Cyanophyceae 455 15 25 27
Dinophyceae 2 2 -            -
Euglenophyceae 86 2 1 -
Phaeophyceae 25 7 - -
Rhodophyceae 35 14 1 1
Xanthophyceae 1 1 - -
Total 1761 109 100 46

Despite the fact that algal documentation is limited to areas where a few algalogists worked in universities and colleges, the classes Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophycea and Cyanophyceae were recorded with 632, 505 and 455 species respectively. Among the chlorophytes, desmids are dominating, but the filamentous conjugales like Spirogyra, Zygnema, Mougeotia, Sirogonium, Zygnemopsis, etc., which are dominant in  lentic and lotic freshwater systems in India, are scantily recorded from the state. Spirogyra jogensis is the only recorded species of the genus by M.O.P. Iyengar in 1958. It shows the least indulgence of subsequent researchers in study of this group.

 

Class: CYANOPHYCEAE

Family: CAPSOSIRACEAE

Stauromatonema Frémy

 

Stauromatonema viride Frémy, Myxophyc. Afr. équat. franc. 390. 1929.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: CHAMAESIPHONACEAE

 

Chamaesiphon A. Braun & Grunow

 

Chamaesiphon rostaffinskii Hansg., Rodr. Algenfl. Bohmen 2: 123. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

Family: CHROOCOCCACEAE

Aphanocapsa Nägeli

 

Aphanocapsa banaresensis Bharadwaja, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 2: 96. 1935.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab, Tripura, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aphanocapsa biformis A. Braun, Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 246. 1865.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Aphanocapsa brunnea Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.52. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial* 

 

Aphanocapsa dharwadensis Bongale, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 66: 285. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Aphanocapsa elachista W. West & G.S. West, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 30: 276. 1894.

 

var. elachista

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. irregularis J.B. Petersen, Bot. Iceland 2: 265. 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aphanocapsa grevillei (Hassall) Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 50. 1865.

Coccochloris grevillei Hassall, Hist. Brit. Freshwater Alg.2: 24. 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Aphanocapsa litoralis Hansg., Sitzungber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math. Naturwiss. CL 229. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi, Uttara Kannada), Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Aphanocapsa montana C.E.Cramer in Wartm. & Schenk, Schweiz. Krypto. 134. 1862.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aphanocapsa muscicola (Menegh.) Wille, Nyt. Mag. Naturvidensk 56: 39. 1918.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Aphanocapsa pulchra (Kütz.) Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 49. 1865.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aphanocapsa rivularis (Carmich.) Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 49. 1865.

Palmella rivularis Carmich., Brit. F1. 2 (1): 397. 1833.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aphanocapsa roeseana De Bary, Hedwigia 9: 74. 1870.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Aphanothece Nägeli

 

Aphanothece bullosa (Menegh.) Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 65. 1865.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Aphanothece castagnei (Bréb.) Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 65, 1865.

Palmella castagnei Bréb., Tab. Phycol. 1: 9. 1846.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Aphanothece clathrata W. West & G.S. West, Trans. Roy. Irish Acad. 33: 111. 1906.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aphanothece microscopica Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.59. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Aphanothece microspora (Menegh.) Rabenh., Krypt -Fl. Sachsen 1: 76. 1863.

Microcystis microspora Menegh., Monogr. nostoch. ital. 80. 1842.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aphanothece naegelii Wartm., Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 65. 1865.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Udupi), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aphanothece pallida (Kütz.) Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 64. 1865.

Palmella pallida Kütz., Phycol. germ. 149, 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Goa, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aphanothece stagnina (Spreng.) A. Braun, Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 66. 1865.

Coccochloris stagnina Spreng, Mant. Prima Fl. Halensis 14. 1807.

 

var. stagnina

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. minor Bongale, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 66: 286.1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Chroococcus Nägeli

Chroococcus cohaerens (Bréb.) Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.46. 1849.

Pleurococcus cohaerens Bréb., Monogr. Nostoch. ital 35. 1842.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Manipur, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

Chroococcus giganteus W. West, Trans. Roy. Microscop. Soc. 741. 1892.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Mizoram, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Chroococcus gomontii Nygaard, Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 82: 202. 1926.

var. gomontii

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var.maxima Bongale, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 66: 283. 1987.

Habitat: Freshwater.

Karnataka (Uttara Kannadaa); endemic.

 

Chroococcus hansgirgii Schmidle, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 6 (2): 78. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Chroococcus indicus Zeller, Hedwigia 12: 168. 1873.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Chroococcus limneticus Lemmerm., Bot. Centralbl. 76: 153. 1898.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Raichur), Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Chroococcus macrococcus (Kütz.) Rabenh., Krypto. Fl. Sachsen 1: 70. 1863.

Protococcus micrococcus Kütz. Phycol. general. 921, 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Chroococcus minor (Kütz.) Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.47. 1849.

Protococcus minor Kütz., Phycol. germ. 144. 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater,brackish water, marine and terrestrial*

 

Chroococcus minutus (Kütz.) Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.46. 1849.

Protococcus minutus Kütz., Phycol. general. 168. 1843.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Chroococcus montanus Hansg., Notarisia 3: 400, 1888.

 

var. montanus

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. hyalinus C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci.6: 345. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Chroococcus pallidus Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.46. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Chroococcus schizodermaticus W. West, Trans. Roy. Microscop. Soc. 742. 1892.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

 

Chroococcus tenax (Kirchn.) Hieron., Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen. 5: 483. 1892.

Chroococcus turgidus var. tenax Krypt. - Fl. Schlesien Algen Part 1: 2, 262, 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Chroococcus turgidus (Kütz.) Nageli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.46, 1849.

Protococcus turgidius Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 1: 5. 1846.

 

var. turgidus

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and terrestrial.

 

var. maximus Nygaard, Vidensk Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kj'øbenhavn. 82: 201. 1926.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Chroococcus varius A. Braun, Fl. Eur. Alg.2451. 1876.

Distribution:Karnataka (Bidar), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Coelosphaerium Nägeli

 

Coelosphaerium dubium Grunow, F1. Eur. Alg.2: 55. 1865.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Coelosphaerium kuetzingianum Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.54. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Coelosphaerium naegelianum Unger, Beitr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien. Math.- Naturwiss. CI. 7: 195. 1854.

Woronichinia naegeliana (Unger) Elenkin, Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sporov. Rast. 1: 30. 1933.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Coelosphaerium pallidum Lemmerm. Hedwigia 37: 154. 1898.

Lemmermaniella pallida (Lemmerm.) Geitler, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2: 62. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Dactylococcopsis Hansg.

 

Dactylococcopsis fascicularis Lemmerm., Bot. Centralbl. 76: 153. 1898.

 

f. fascicularis

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. indica Desikachary, Cyanophyta 158. 1959.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeocapsa Kütz.

 

Gloeocapsa calcarea Tiden, Minn. Bot. Stud. ser. 2, l: 29. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bidar), Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat:Terrestrial.

 

Gloeocapsa compacta Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 1: 24. 1846.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Gloeocapsa coracina Kütz., Phycol. general. 174. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Uttara Kannada), Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater, marine and terrestrial* 

 

Gloeocapsa crepidinum (Thur.) Thur., Notes Alg.1: 1. 1876.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dharwad), Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Gloeocapsa decorticans (A. Braun) P.G. Richt., Nyt. Mag. Naturvidensk 62: 186. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Mysuru), Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat:Freshwater.

 

Gloeocapsa dermochroa Nägeli, Sp. Alg.224. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Gloeocapsa gelatinosa Kütz., Phycol. general. 174. 1843.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Gloeocapsa granosa (Berk.) Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 1: 36. 1849.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Gloeocapsa kuetzinghiana Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.50. 1849.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Gloeocapsa kuetzinghiana var. maior Bongale, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 66: 283. 1987.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeocapsa luteo-fusca G. Martens, Nyt. Mag. Naturvidensk. 62: 191. 1925.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam, Gujarat, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Gloeocapsa magma (Bréb.) Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 1: 17. 1846.

Protococcus magma Bréb, Alg.Falaise 40. 1835.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeocapsa nigrescens Nägeli, Alg.Sachs. 63, 629, 1857.

var. nigrescens

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Manipur, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var. maxima Bongale, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 66: 283. 1987.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeocapsa pleurocapsoides Novácek, Prace Morav.Prir. Moravya Slezka, Oddel Bot 7: 1. 1929.

Gloeocapsopsis pleurocapsoides (Novácek) Komárek &Anagn., Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 73 (Algol. Stud. 43): 191. 1986.

Distribution:Karnataka (Raichur), Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Gloeocapsa polydermatica Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 1: 15. 1846.

Gloeocystis polydematica (Kütz.) Hindák, Preslia 50: 8. 1978.

Distribution:Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Gloeocapsa quaternata Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 1: 15. 1846.

Distribution:Karnataka (Hassan), Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Odisha, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Gloeocapsa rupestris Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 1: 17. 1846.

 

var. rupestris

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada, Dharwad), Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water, marine and terrestrial.

 

var. hyalina Bongale, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 66: 285. 1987.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeocapsa sanguinea f. grandis Bongale, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 66: 285. 1987.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeothece Nägeli

 

Gloeothece fusco-lutea Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.58, 1849.

Distribution:Karnataka (Raichur), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Tamil Nadu

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

Gloeothece membranacea (Rabenh.) Bornet, Mèm. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 28: 175.  1892. Aphanothece membranncea Rabenh, Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 319. 1865.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Gloeothece palea (Kütz.) Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 60. 1865.

Gloeocapsa palea Kütz, Phycol. general. 173. 1843.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shivamogga), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Distribution: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Gloeothece rhodochlamys Skuja, Zur Süsswasseralgenflora Burmas 18. 1949.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shivamogga), Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Gloeothece rupestris (Lyngb.) Bornet, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 28: 177. 1892.

 

var. rupestris

Distribution:Karnataka (Raichur, Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

 

var. maxima W. West, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. 743. 1892.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeothece samoensis Wille, Hedwigia 53: 144. 1913.

 

var. samoensis

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var. major Wille, Rech. Bot. Zool. 6. 1915.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dharwad, Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphosphaeria Kütz.

 

Gomphosphaeria aponina Kütz., Alg.Aq. Dulc. Germ. 16: 151. 1836.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Merismopedia Meyen

 

Merismopedia convoluta Bréb., Sp. Alg.472. 1849.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Chattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Merismopedia elegans A. Braun ex Kütz., Sp. Alg.472. 1849.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Merismopedia glauca (Ehrenb.) Kütz., Phycol. germ. 142. 1845.

Gonium glaucum Ehrenb., Infusionsthierchen 58. 1938.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Merismopedia minima Beck, Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 12: 83, 1897.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Merismopedia punctata Meyen, Archiv. 2: 67, 1839.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Merismopedia tenuissima Lemmerm., Bot. Centralbl. 76; 154. 1898.

Distribution:Karnataka (Bidar), Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcystis Kütz.

Microcystis aeruginosa (Kütz.) Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 1: 6. 1846.

Micraloa aeruginosa Kütz. Linnaea 8: 371. 1833.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Shivamooga), through out India.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcystis elabens (Bréb.) Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 1: 6. 1846.

Micraloa elabens Bréb., Monogr. nostoch. ital. 104, 1842.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcystis flos-aquae (Wittr.) Kirchn., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I. (l a): 56. 1898.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcystis litoralis (Hansg.) Forti, Syll. Alg.5: 89. 1907.

Polycystis litoralis Hansg., Tromser. Mus. Aarsh. 13: 169. 1890.

Distribution:Karnataka (Raichur), Goa, Gujarat, Meghalaya, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcystis ochracea Lemmerm., Kryptogamen fIora der Mark Brandenburg 3: 76, 1907.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcystis pseudofilamentosa Crow, New Phytol. 22: 64. 1923.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcystis robusta (H.W. Clark) Nygaard, Dansk Bot. Ark. 4 (10): 8. 1925.

Clathrocystis robusta H.W. Clark, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 2: 94. 1909.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcystis viridis (A. Braun) Lemmerm., Abh. Naturwiss. Vereins Bremen 17: 342.  1903. Polycystis viridis A. Braun, Fl, Eur. Alg.2: 53. 1865.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water

 

Synechococcus Nägeli

 

Synechococcus aeruginosus Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.56. 1849.

Cyanothece aeruginosa (Nägeli) Komárek, Arch. Protistenk. 118: 146. 1976.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Synechococcus cedrorum Sauv., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 39: 115. 1892.

Cyanobacterium cedrorum (Sauv.) Komárek, J. Kopecky & V. Cepák, Crypto. Algol. 20: 220. 1999.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Synechocystis Sauv.

 

Synechocystis pevalekii Erceg., Acta Bot. Inst. Bot Univ. Zagreb 1: 77. 1925.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Family: CYANIDIACEAE

 

Chroococcidiopsis Geitler

 

Chroococcidiopsis karnatakensis N.D. Kamat, Hydrobiologia 20: 188. 1962.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru);endemic.

Habitat:Terrestrial.

 

Chroococcidiopsis mysorensis G.L. Tiwari, Hydrobiologia 39: 346. 1972.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Chroococcidiopsis spinosa N.D. Kamat, Hydrobiologia 20: 190. 1962.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat:Terrestrial.

 

 

Family: DERMOCARPACEAE

 

Dermocarpa A. Crouan & H. Crouan

 

Dermocarpa flahaultii Sauv., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 39: 119. 1892.

Cyanocystis flahaultii (Sauv.) Komárek & Anagn., Preslia 67: 17. 1995.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Dermocarpa leibleiniae (Reinsch) Bomet & Thur., Notes Alg.2: 73. 1880.

Sphaenosiphon leibleiniae Reinsch, Contr. algol. fungol. 103. 1874.

ChamaecaIyx leibleiniae (Reinsch) Komárek & Anagn., Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 43: 199. 1986.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: ENTOPHYSALIDACEAE

 

Chlorogloea Wille

 

Chlorogloea fritschii A.K. Mitra, Proc.37th Indian Sci. Congr. (Poona), Part.III. 39. 1950.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Chlorogloea microcystoides Geitler, Arch. Protistenk.51: 359. 1925.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Johannesbaptistia J. DeToni

 

Johannesbaptistia pellucida (Dickie) W.R. Taylor & F.E. Drouet, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 65: 285. 1938.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dharwad), Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

.

 

 

Family: HYELLACEAE

 

Hydrococcus Kütz.

 

Hydrococcus rivularis Kütz, Linnaea 8: 380. 1833.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Udupi), Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

Xenococcus Thur.

 

Xenococcus acervatus Setchell & N.L. Gardner, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 6: 459. 1918. Dermocarpa acervata (Setchell & N.L. Gardner) Pham-Hoáng Hô, Rong biên Viêtnam 18.

1969.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Hyella Bornet & Flahault

 

Hyella caespitosa Bornet & Flahault, J. Bot. 2: 163. 1888.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Family: MASTIGOCLADOPSIDACEAE

 

Mastigocladopsis M.O.P. Iyengar & Desikachary

 

Mastigocladopsis jogensis M.O.P. Iyengar & Desikachary, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 24: 158. 1946.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Maharashtra, Tripura.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: MICROCHAETACEAE

 

Microchaete Thur. ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Microchaete aequalis (Frémy) Desikachary, Cyanophyta 513. 1959. Frémyella aequalis Frémy, Blumea suppl. 2: 32. 1942.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microchaete aeruginea Batters, J. Bot. 30: 86. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microchaete calothrichoides Hansg., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 18: 494. 1905.

Distribution: Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microchaete loktakensis Brühl & Biswas, Mem. Asiat. Soc. Bengal8: 256. 1926.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Manipur, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microchaete tenera Thur. ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 5: 84. 1887.

 

var. tenera

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. tenuis Bharadwaja, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 2: 102. 1935.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microchaete uberrima N. Carter, Rec. Bot. Surv. India 9: 268. 1926.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microchaete violacea Frémy, Arch. Bot. Mém. 3 (2): 284. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Family: NOSTOCHOPSIDACEAE

 

Nostochopsis H.C. Wood ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Nostochopsis lobatus H.C. Wood em. Geitler, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 119. 1869.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Raichur), Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostochopsis radians Bharadwaja, New Phytol. 33 (1): 6. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Kerala, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: OSCILLATORIACEAE

 

 

Anabaena Bory ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Anabaena alatospora Gonzalves & N.D. Kamat, Hydrobiologia 13: 236. 1959.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena ambigua C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 5: 101. 1937.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena anomala F.E. Fritsch, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 28: 146. 1949.

Trichormus anomalus (F.E. Fritsch) Komárek & Anagn., Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 82 (Algol. Studs. 56): 303. 1989.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena circinalis Rabenh. ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 230. 1888.

 

var. circinalis

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Assam, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. crassa S.L. Ghose, J. Burma Res. Soc. 15: 249. 1926.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena constricta (Szafer) Geitler, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 41 (2): 284. 1925.

Oscillatoria constricta Szafer, Bull. Int. Acad. Sci. Cracovie, Cl. Sci. Math., ser B, Sci. Nat. 164. 1910.

Komvophoron constrictum (Szafer) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 373. 1988.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena doliolum Bharadwaja, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci,B. 2: 105. 1935.

Trichormus doliolum (Bharadwaja) Komárek & Anagn., Arch Hydrobiol., Suppl. (Algol. Stud. 56)82: 303. 1989.  

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena fertilissima C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci, B. 6: 363. 1937.

Trichormus fertilissimus (C.B. Rao) Komárek &Anagn, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. (Algol. Stud. 56) 82:303. 1989.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena flos-aquae Bréb. ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 228. 1886.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena fuellebornii Schmidle, Bot. Jahrb. 32; 61. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena gelatinicola S.L. Ghose, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 46: 341. 1924.

Trichormus gelatinicola (S.L. Ghose) Komárek &Anagn., Arch. Hydrobiol, Suppl. (Algol. Stud. 56) 82: 303. 1989.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena iyengarii Bharadwaja, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci, B. 2: 105. 1935.

 

var. iyengarii

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. unispora Rama N. Singh, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 9: 67. 1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena khannae Skuja, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. ser. 4, 14 (5): 41. 1949. Trichormus khannae (Skuja) Komárek & Anagn., Arch. Hydrobiol, Suppl. (Algol. Stud. 56) 82: 304. 1989.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena lapponica Borge, Bot. Not. 101. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena laxa (Rabenh.) A. Braun, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 32: 120. 1885. Sphaerozyga laxa Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 193. 1865.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena mediocris N.L. Gardener, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 61. 1927.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena mysorensis Gonzalves & N.D. Kamat, Hydrobiologia 13: 237. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena orientalis S.C. Dixit, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 3: 101. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, , Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena oryzae F.E. Fritsch, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 28: 135. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena sphaerica Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 228. 1888.

 

var. sphaerica

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var. attenuata Bharadwaja, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 2: 103. 1935.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena spiroides Kleb., Flora 80: 268. 1895.

 

var. spiroides

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. contracta Kleb., Flora 80: 269. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Assam.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena subcylindrica Borge, Algenfl. Takernsees 12. 1921.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena torulosa (Carnich) Lagerh. ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 236. 1888.

Belonia torulosa Carnich, Brit. Fl. 2 (1): 379. 1833.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Anabaena unispora N.L. Gardner, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 59. 1927.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena vaginicola F.E. Fritsch & Rich., Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 18 (1): 87. 1929.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena variabilis Kütz. ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 226. 1886. Tichormus variabilis(Kütz. ex Bornet & Flahault) Komárek & Anagn, Algol. Stud. 56: 304. 1989.

 

var. variabilis

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. ellipsospora F.E. Fritsch, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 28: 142. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. kashiensis (Bharadwaja) F.E. Fritsch, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 28: 155. 1949.

Anabaena kashiensis Bharadwaja, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci, B. 2: 105. 1935.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anabaena volzii

var. crassa (C.B. Rao) F.E. Fritsch, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 28: 155. 1949.

f. crassa

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Shivamogga), Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. recta Kisseleva, Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., 9: 74. 1931.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

Arthrospira Stizenb.

 

Arthrospira jenneri Stizenb. ex Gomont, Hedwigia 1: 32. 1852.

Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala,

Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

 

Arthrospira platensis (Nordst.) Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 247. 1892.

Spirulina jenneri var. platensis Nordst. Alg.Aquae Dulc. Exsic. fasc. 14: 679. 1884.

Spirulina platensis (Nordst.) Geitler, Pascher's Süsswasserflora 12: 344. 1925.

 

var. platensis

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. tenuis (C.B. Rao) Desikachary, Cyanophyta 190. 1959.

Spirulina platensis var. tenuis C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. B, 6: 365. 1937.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Gujarat, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Arthrospira spirulinoides S.L. Ghose, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 56: 338. 1923.

Spirulina spirulinoides (S.L. Ghose) Geitler, Pascher's Süsswasserflora 12: 344. 1925.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

Aulosira Kirch. ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Aulosira aenigmatica Frémy, Blumea Suppl. 2: 37. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam, Bihar, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aulosira fertilissima var. tenuis C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 6: 353. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aulosira implexa Bornet & Flahault, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 32: 121. 1885.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Assam, Maharashtra, Punjab, Sikkim.

Habitat: Freshwater.  

 

Aulosira prolifica Bharadwaja, Ann. Bot. 47: 131. 1933.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam, Bihar, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Aulosira pseudoramosa Bharadwaja, Ann. Bot. 47: 137. 1933.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Borzia Cohn ex Gomont

 

Borzia trilocularis Cohn ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 198. 1893.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cylindrospermum Kütz. ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Cylindrospermum gracile Gonzalves & N.D. Kamat, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 57: 455. 1960.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru);endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cylindrospermum indicum C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 3: 169. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cylindrospermum licheniforme Kütz. ex Bornet & Flahault, Bot. Zeitung 5 (12): 197. 1847.

Distribution:Karnataka (Raichur, Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir,  Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cylindrospermum majus Kütz. ex Bornet & Flahault, Kütz., Phycol. general. 2l2. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cylindrospermum muscicola Kütz. ex Bornet & Flahault, Kütz., Phycol. germ 173. 1845.

 

var. muscicola

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Raichur, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal .

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

var. longispora S.C. Dixit, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 3: 100. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cylindrospermum sphaericum B.N. Prasad, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 31: 358. 1952.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cylindrospermum stagnale (Kütz.) Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 250.1888.

 

var. stagnale

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. angustum G.M. Sm., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 43: 481. 1916.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cylindrospermum trichotospermum Frémy, Arch. Bot. Mém. 3 (2): 379. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cylindrospermum vouki Pevalek, Prirodosl. istr. Hrvatske i SIavon. 8: 39. 1916.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya C. Agardh ex Gomont

 

Lyngbya aerugineo-coerulea (Kütz.) Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 146. 1892.

Phormidium aerugineo-coeruleum (Gomont) Anagno. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 407. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Lyngbya aestuarii Liebm. ex Gomont, Liebm., Bemerkninger og Tillag til den Danske AlgefIora Kröyers Tidsskrift 492. 1841.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Lyngbya allorgei Frémy, Arch. Bot. Mém. 3 (2): 189. 1930.

Phormidium allorgei (Frémy) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 407. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

Lyngbya atrhrospiroides Virieux, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Doubs 27: 39. 1914.

Phormidium arthrospiroides (Virieux) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 407. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya baculum Gomont, J. Bot. 4: 354. 1890.

Phormidium baculurn (Gomont) Anagn., Preslia 73: 370. 2001.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Shivamogga), Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine

 

Lyngbya bipunctata Lemmerm., Forschungsber. Biol. Stat. Plön 7: 133. 1899.

Planktolyngbya bipunctata (Lemmerm.) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 394. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya birgei G.M. Sm., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 482. 1916.

Distribution: Karnataka, (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal Habitat:

Habitat: Freshwater  and terrestrial*

 

Lyngbya borgertii Lernmem., Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. 25: 265.1907.

Limnothrix borgertii (Lemmerm.) Anagn., Preslia 73: 360. 2001.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya calcifera Brühl & Biswas, J. Dept. Sci. Calcutta Univ. 5: 12. 1923.

Porphyosiphon calciferus (Brühl & Biswas) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol, Suppl. 80: 409. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Punjab, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya ceylanica Wille, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien. Math. Naturwiss. Kl. 91: 161. 1914. Porphyrosiphon ceylanicus (Wille) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 409.  1988.

 

var. ceylanica

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Goa, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. major D.C. Pandey & A.K. Mitra, Nova Hedwigia 9: 331. 1965.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya confervoides C. Agardh ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 15: 136. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Lyngbya contorta Lemmerm., Forschungsber. Biol. Stat. Plön 6: 202. 1898.

Planktolyngbya contorta (Lemmerm.) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol, Suppl. 80: 394. 1988.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Odisha, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya corticola Brühl & Biswas, J. Dept. Sci. Calcutta Univ. 5: 9. 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya cryptovaginata Schkorb., Russk. Arkh. Protistol. 6 (4): 8. 1927.

Planktothrix cryptovaginata (Schkorb.) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 416. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Bihar, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya dendrobia Brühl & Biswas, J. Dept. Sci. Calcutta Univ. 5: 8. 1923. Porphyrosiphon dendrobius (Brühl & Biswas) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol, Suppl. 80: 409. 1988.

 

var. dendrobia

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. skujaii Desikachary, Cyanophyta 303. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya diguetii Gomont, J. Bot. 9: 169. 1895.

Phormidium diguetii (Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 408. 1988.

Distribution: Freshwater – Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya erebi W. West & G.S. West, Brit. Antarc. Exped. 1. 1911.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya gandhii N.D. Kamat, Hydrobiologia 22:296. 1963.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra; endemic.

 

Lyngbya gracilis (Menegh.) Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.2: 145. 1865.

Leibleinia gracilis Menegh., Giom. Bot. Ital. 1, 1(1): 304. 1844.

Phormidium gracile (Menegh. ex Gomont) Anagn., Preslia 73: 370. 2001.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya hieronymusii Lemmem., Forschungsber. Biol. Stat. Plön 12: 146. 1905.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya kashyapii S.L. Ghose, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 46: 339. 1924.

Porphyrosiphon kashyapii (S.L. Ghose) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 409. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Raichur), Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya kuetzingii Schmidle, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 3: 58: 1897.

Heteroleibleinia kuetzingii (Schmidle) Compére, Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 55: 487. 1985.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Dharwad), Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Lyngbya lachneri (W. Zimm.) Geitler, Kryptogamen-Flora 1037. 1932.

Oscillatoria lachneriW. Zimm., Z. Bot 20: 18. 1927.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya lagerheimii (K. Möbius) Gomont, J. Bot. 4: 354. 1890.

Spirocoleus lagerheimii K. Möbius, Hedwigia 28: 312. 1889.

Leptolyngbya lagerheimii (Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 391. 1988.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya laxespiralis Skuja, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. ser. 4,14 (5): 53. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya limnetica Lemmerm., Bot. Centralbl. 76: 154. 1898.

Planktolyngbya limnetica (Lemmerm.) Komárek.-Legn. & Cronberg, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 95 (Algol. Stud. 67): 23. 1992.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya lutea C. Agardh ex Gomont, J. Bot. 4: 354. 1890.

Porphyrosiphon luteus (Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 409. 1988. 

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya major Menegh. ex Gomont, Consp. algol. Eugan 12. 1837.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya majuscula Harv. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 131. 1892.

 

var. majuscula

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. chakiaense C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci, B. 3: 174. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, West Bengal; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya martensiana Menegh. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci.Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 145. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Lyngbya mesotricha Skuja, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. ser. 4, 14 (15): 54. 1949. Heteroleibleinia mesotricha(Skuja) Anagn & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol, Suppl. 80: 434. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya nigra C. Agardh ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot ser. 7, 16: 145. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya nordgardhii Wille, Nyt Mag. Naturvidensk. 56: 32. 1919.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya palmarum (G. Martens) Brühl & Biswas, J. Dept. Sci. Calcutta Univ. 5: 11. 1923. Scytonema palmarum G.Martens, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 11. 1870.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab,  Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya perelegans Lemmerm., Abh. Naturwiss. Vereins Bremen 16: 355. 1899. Leptolyngbya perelegans (Lemmerm.) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 392, 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Manipur, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya putealis Mont. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 143. 1892.

Phormidium puteale (Mont. ex Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Sulppl. 80: 408. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Assam, Bihar, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya rubida Frémy, Arch. Bot. Mém. 3 (2): 187. 1930.

Phormidium rubidum (Frémy) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 408. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Lyngbya scottii F.E. Fritsch, Natl. Antarc. Exped. ['Discovery'] Nat. Hist. 6 (art. 3): 29. 1912. Leptolyngbya scottii (F.E.Fritsch) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 92. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya spiralis Geitler, Kryptogamen-Flora 1042. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya stagnina f. non-granulata N.D. Kamat, Hydrobiologia 22: 301. 1963.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya subtilis W. West, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc.741. 1892.

Leptolyngbya subtilis (W. West) Anagn., PresIia 73: 367. 2001.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Kerala, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya taylori F.E. Drouet & Stickland , Amer. J. Bot 27: 631. 1940.

Phormidium taylori (F.E. Drouet & Stickland) Anagn., Preslia 73: 371. 2001.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Lyngbya truncicola S.L. Ghose, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 46: 339. 1924.

 

var. truncicola

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var. burmense S.L.Ghose, J. Burma Res. Soc. 15: 247. 1926.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Meghalaya; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lyngbya versicolor Wartm. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 147. 1892. Phormidium versicolor Wartm. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 147. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcoleus Desm. ex Gomont

 

Microcoleus acutissimus N.L. Gardner, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 55. 1927. Trichocoleus acutissimus (N.L. Gardner) Anagn., Preslia 73: 369. 2001.

 

var. acutissimus

f. acutissimus

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f.minor Bongale, Acta Bot. Indica 15 (1): 113. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Uttar Pradesh; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. colorata Bongale, Acta Bot. Indica 15 (1): 113. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Microcoleus brasiliensis Borge, Ark. Bot. 19 (17): 4. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Gujarat.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Microcoleus chthonoplastes Thur. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 15: 353. 1892. Coleofasciculus chthonoplastes (Thur. ex Gomont) M.A. Siegesm, J.R. Johans., U. Karsten & T. Friedl, J. Phycol. 44: 1572. 2008.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcoleus granulatus Bongale, Acta Bot. Indica 15 (1): 113. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcoleus lacustris (Rabenh.) Farl. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 15: 359. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcoleus paludosus Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 15: 358. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan,  Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcoleus subtorulosus (Bréb.) Gomont ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 15: 360. 1892.

Phormidium subtorulosum  Bréb., Tab. Phycol. 1: 35. 1847.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Microcoleus vaginatus (Vaucher) Gomont ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat Bat ser. 7, 15: 355. 1892.

Oscillatoria vaginataVaucher, Hist. confer. eau dauce 200. 1803.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nodularia G. Martens ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Nodularia spumigena G. Martens ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 245. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc Vaucher ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Nostoc calcicola Bréb. ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 202. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc carneum C. Agardh ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 196. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc commune Vaucher ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 203. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur,  Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc ellipsosporum Rabenh. ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 198. 1888.

 

var. ellipsosporum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var.violaceum C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 6: 359. 1937.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc entophytum Bornet & Flahault, Révis. Nostoc. hét. 190. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc gelatinosum Schousboe ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 199. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc ghotgewadense G.R. Hegde & K. Somanna, Phykos 30: 49. 1991.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru);endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc hatei S.C. Dixit, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 3: 101. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc humifusum Carmich ex Bornet & FIahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot ser. 7, 7: 201. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc linckia Bornet ex Bornet & FIahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot ser. 7, 7: 192. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur,  Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc maculiforme Bornet & FIahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot ser. 7, 7: 189. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc microscopicum Carmich ex Bornet & FIahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot ser. 7, 7: 210. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc muscorum C. Agardh ex Bornet & FIahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot ser. 7, 7: 210. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc paludosum Kütz. ex Bornet & FIahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot ser. 7, 7: 191. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc passerinianum (De Not.) Bornet ex Bornet & Flahault, Notes Alg.2: 99. 1880. Anabaena passeriniana De Not., Erb. Critt. Ital. Hedwigia 5: 107. 1866.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc piscinale Kütz.ex Bornet & FIahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot ser. 7, 7: 194. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc punctiforme (Kutz.) Har., J. Bot. 5: 31, 1891.

Polycoccus punctiformis Kütz., Natuurk. Verh. Holl. Maatsch. Wetensch. Haarlem ser. 2. 1841.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur,  Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Nostoc rivulare Kütz. ex Bornet & FIahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot ser. 7, 7: 195. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc sphaericum Vaucher ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 208. 1888.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc spongiaeforme C. Agardh ex Bornet & Flahault, Syst. Alg.22. 1824.

 

var. spongiaeforme

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. tenue C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 3: 170. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var. varians C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 6: 359. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nostoc verrucosum Vaucher ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 7: 216. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria Vaucher

 

Oscillatoria acuminata Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 227. 1892.

Phormidium acuminatum (Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 80: 404. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Oscillatoria acuta Brühl & Biswas, J. Dept. Sci. Calcutta Univ. 5: 3. 1922.

Phormidium acutum (Brühl & Biswas) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 80: 404. 1988.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria agardhii Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 205. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria amoena (Kütz.) Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 205. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria amphibia C. Agardh ex Gomont, Flora 10: 632. 1827.

Geitlerinema amphibia (C. Agardh) Anagn., Pl. Syst. Evol. 164: 38. 1989.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria amphigranulata Goor, Recueil. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 15: 255. 19l8.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria anguina (Bory) Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 214. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Udupi), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

Oscillatoria angusta Koppe, Arch. Hydrobiol. Planktonk. 14: 641. 1923.

Jaaginema metaphyticum Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 396. 1988.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria angustissima W.West & G.S.West, J. Bot. 35: 300,1897.

Jaaginema angustissima (W.West & G.S.West) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80. 395. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Oscillatoria animalis C. Agardh ex Gomont, Flora 10: 632. 1827.

Phormidium animale (C. Agardh ex Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 404, 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria annae Goor, Recueil. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 15: 289. 1918.

Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Distribution: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria boryana Bory ex Gomont, Bory, Dict. class. hist. nat 12: 465. 1827. Phormidium boryanum (Bory ex Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 405. 1988.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria calcuttensis Biswas, J. Dept. Sci. Calcutta Univ. 7: 5, 1925.

Geitlerinema calcuttense (Biswas) Anagn., Pl. Syst. Evol. 164: 38, 1989.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria chalybea G. Martens ex Gomont, G. Martens in Jürg., Alg.aquaticae, Decas. 12: 4, 1822.

Phormidium chalybeum (G. Martens ex Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 405. 1988.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria chlorina Kütz. ex Gomont, Kütz., Phycol. general. 185. 1843.

Phormidium chlorinum (Kütz. ex Gomont) Umezaki & M. Watan, Jap. J. Phycol. 42: 194. 1994.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Delhi, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Oscillatoria claricentrosa N.L. Gardner, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 37. 1927. GeitIerinema claricentrosurn (N.L. Gardner) Anagn., Pl. Syst. Evol. 164: 39. 1989.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi), Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria corakiana var. non-granulata N.D. Kamat, Hydrobiologia 22: 284. 1963.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Maharashtra; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria curviceps C. Agardh ex Gomont, C. Agardh, Syst. Alg.68, 1824.

 

var. curviceps

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. angusta S.L. Ghose, J. Burma Res. Soc.7: 240. 1927.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Shivamogga), Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria deflexa W. West & G.S. West, Brit. Antarc. Exped. 1: 295. 1911.

Geiflerinema deflexum (W. West & G.S. West) Anagn., Pl. Syst. Evol. 164: 39. 1989.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Oscillatoria foreaui Frémy, BIurnea Suppl. 2, Jubilee Vol, 2. 1942.

Phormidium foreaui (Frémy) Umezaki & M. Watan, Jap. J. Phycol. 42: 194. 1994.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria formosa Bory ex Gomont, Bory, Dict. class. hist. nat. 12: 474. 1827. Phormidium formosum (Bory) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 405. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Oscillatoria fremyii DeToni, Note. Nomencl. Alg.1: 7. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bidar), Assam, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria geitleriana Elenkin, Monogr. Alg.Cyano. 2: 1288. 1949.

Jaaginema geitleri (Frémy) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 395. 1988. Oscillatoria geitleri Frémy, Arch. Bot. Mém. 3 (2): 216. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria granulosa G. Martens ex Desikachary, Cyanophyta, 242. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria hamelii Frémy, Myxophyc. Afr. équat. franc. 218. 1929.

Phormidium hamelii (Frémy) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl 80: 405. 1988.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Oscillatoria homogenea Frémy, Arch. Bot. Mém. 3 (2): 215. 1930.

Jaaginema homogeneum (Frémy) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol, Suppl. 80: 396. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria irrigua Kütz. ex Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 218. 1892.

Oscillaria irrigua Kütz., Phycol. general. 189. 1843.

Phormidiurn irriguum (Kütz. ex Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 405. 1988.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria jasorvensis Vouk, Jugoslav. Akad. Zagreb 14: 133. 1919.

Geitlerinema jasorvense (Vouk) Anagn., Pl. Syst. Evol. 164: 39. 1989.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria laete-virens P. Crouan & H. Crouan ex Gomont, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 7: 371. 1860.

Phormidium 1aetevirens (P. Crouan & H. Crouan ex Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 405. 1988.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Oscillatoria limnetica Lemmerm, Ber. Duetsch. Bot. Ges. 18: 310. 1900.

Pseudanabaena Iimnetica (Lemmerm.) Komárek, Sborn. Jihoéesk Muz. Ceských Budĕjovicich, Přir. Vedy, 14: 162. 1974.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria limosa C. Agardh ex Gomont, C. Agardh, Disp. Alg.suec.35. 1812.

 

f. limosa

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Raichur, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. minus Bongale, Acta Bot. Indica 15 (1): 110. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Uttara Kannada), Gujarat; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria mougeotii Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 1: 30. 1849.

Planktothtix mougeotii (Kütz. ex Lemmerm.) Suda, M. Watan, A. Mahakah., Yongman., N. Nopartna., Y. Liu & J.G. Day, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbial. 52: 1593. 2002.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria nigra Vaucher, Hist .conferv. 192. 1803.

Phormidium nigrum (Vaucher ex Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 405. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Chattishgarh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria obscura Brühl & Biswas, J. Dept. Sci. Calcutta Univ 4: 6. 1922.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria okenii f. maharashtrensis N.D. Kamat, Bombay Univ. J. 31 (B): 23. 1964.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria ornata Kütz. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 214. 1892.

Phormidium ornatum (Kützing ex Gomont)Anagnostidis & Komarek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 406. 1988.

 

var. ornata

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. crassa C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 8: 165. 1938.

Oscillatoria crassa (C.B. Rao) Anagno., Preslia 73: 372. 2001.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttarakhand; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria perornata Skuja, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. ser. 4, 14: 47, 1949. Planktothrix perornata (Skuja) Anagno. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 80: 416. 1988.

 

f. perornata

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

f. attenuata Skuja, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. ser. 4, 14: 47. 1949.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria princeps Vaucher ex Gomont, Vaucher, Hist. conferv. 190. 1803.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Raichur), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Oscillatoria proboscidea Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 209. 1892.

 

var. proboscidea

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. discolorata Bongale, Acta Bot. Indica 15 (1): 111. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria proteus Skuja, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. ser. 4, 14: 48. 1949. Phornidium proteus (Skuja) Umezaki & M. Watan., Jap. J. Phycol. 42: 196. 1994.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria pseudogeminata G. Schmid, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 32: 124. 1914.

Jaaginema pseudogeminatum (G. Schmid) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 396. 1988.

 

f. pseudogeminata

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. longa N.D. Kamat, Hydrobiologia 22: 288. 1963.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria quadripunctulata var. unigranulata Rama N. Singh, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci,B. 9: 68. 1939.

GeitIerinema unigranulaturn (Rama N. Singh) Komárek & M.T.P. Azavedo, Arch Hydrobiol., Suppl. 134 (Algol. Stud. 99): 51. 2000.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria raciborskii Wolosz., Bull. Int. Acad. Sci. Cracovie ser. B. 6: 686. 1912. Planktothrichoides raciborskii (Wolosz.) Suda & M. Watan., Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 52: 1593. 2002.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria raoi De Toni, Diagn. Alg.nov. 6: 560. 1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria rubescens DC. ex Gomont, Mém. Soc.Phys. Genéve 3(2): 37. 1826.

 

var. rubescens

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. kolhapurensis N.D. Kamat, Hydrobiologia 22:289. 1963.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Gujarat, Maharashtra; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria salina Biswas, J. Dept. Sci. Calcutta Univ. 8: 21. 1926.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria sancta Kütz. ex Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 209. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria schultzii Lemrnerm, Forschungsber. Biol. Stat. Plön 12: 145. 1905.

 

var. schultzii

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. cylindrica N.D.Kamat, Hydrobiologia 22:289. 1963.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Kerala, Maharashtra; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

OscilIatoria simplicissima Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 219. 1892.

Phormidium simplicissimum (Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 406. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria splendida Grev. ex Gomont, Fl. Edin. 305. 1824.

Geitlerinema splendidum (Grev.) Anagn., P1. Syst. Evol. 164: 43. 1989.

 

var. splendida

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. attenuata W. West & G.S. West, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bidar, Dharwad), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria subbrevis Schmidle, Bot. Jahrb. 30: 243. 1901.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Oscillatoria subproboscidea W. West & G.S. West, Brit. Antarc. Exped. 1: 293. 1911. Phormidium subproboscideum (W. West & G.S. West) Anagno. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 406. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria subuliformis Kütz. ex Gomont, Kütz., Diagn. Algensp. 7. 1863.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria tanganyikae G.S. West, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 38: 177. 1907.

Phonnidium tanganyikae (G.S. West) Anagn.& Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 406. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria tenuis C. Agardh ex Gomont, Ann. Sci.Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 220. 1892.

 

var.tenuis

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. levis N.L. Gardner, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 35. 1927.

Oscillatoria levis (N.L.Gardner) Anagn., Preslia 73: 372. 2001.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria terebriformis C.Agardh ex Gomont, Flora 10: 634. 1827.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwar), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Oscillatoria ulrichii Prat, Studie o Biolith. 97. 1929.

Phormidium ulrichii (Prat) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 406. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria vizagapatensis C.B. Rao, J. Indian Bot. Soc.17: 89. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oscillatoria willei N.L. Gardner, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 36. 1927.

Phormidium willei (N.L. Gardner) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 406. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium Kütz.

 

Phormidium africanum Lemmerm., Deutsch Zentr. Afr. Exped. 2: 89. 1911.

Leptolyngbya africana (Lemmeerm) Anagno. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 390. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium ambiguum Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 178. 1892.

 

var. ambiguum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. major Lemmerm., Kryptogamenflora der Mark Brandenburg 3: 127. 1907.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidiam anomala C.B. Rao, Roc. Indian Acad. Sci,B. 6: 371. 1937.

Lyngbya anomala (C.B. Rao) Umezaki & M. Watan., Jap. J. Phycol. 42: 192. 1994.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Phormidium autumnale (C. Agardh) Trevis. ex Gomont, Ann Sci Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 15: 187. 1892.

Oscillatoria autumnalis C. Agardh, Disp. Alg.suec. 4: 36. 1812.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium bohneri Schmidle, Bot. Jahrb. 30: 59. 1901.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Phormidium cebennense Gomont, Bull. Soc.Bot. France 46: 38. 1899.

Lepfolyngbya cebennensis (Gomont) Umezaki & M. Watan., Jap. J. Phycol. 42: 203. 1994.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium corium (C. Agardh) Kütz. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser.7, 15: 263. 1892. Oscillatoria coriurn C. Agardh, Dip. Alg.suec. 4: 36. 1812.

Distribution: Karnataka(Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium favosum (Bory) Gomont, Bull. Soc.Bot. France 38: 249. 1891. Oscillaria formosa Bory, Dict. class. hist. nat.12: 466. 1827.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Assam, Chattishgarh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Phormidium fragile Gomont, Ann Sci.Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 163. 1892. Leptolyngbya fragilis (Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol, Suppl. 80: 391. 1988.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru), Chattishgarh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium hormoides Setchellt & N.L. Gardner, Univ. Calif. Pub. Bot. 6 (17): 467. 1918.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru);endemic?

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium hyalinum Bongale, Phykos 26: 32. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium incrustatum (Nägeli) Gomont ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser.7, 15: 170. 1892.

Hypheothrix incrustata Nägeli, Sp. Alg.269. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium incrustatum var.maxima Bongale, Acta Bot. Indica 15 (1): 112. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium inundatum Kütz. ex Gomont, Sp. Alg.251. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Phormidium jadinianum Gomont, Bull. Soc.Bot. France 40: 161. 1893.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium Iaminosum Gomont, J. Bot. 4: 355. 1890.

Leptolyngbya laminosa (Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 392. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium luridum (Kütz.) Gomont ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser.7, 15: 330. 1892. Leptothrix lurida Kütz., Sp. Alg.264. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium microtomum Skuja, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 51. 1949.

Lyngbya microtoma (Skuja) Anagn., Preslia 73:373. 2001.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Kerala, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Phormidium molle (Kütz.) Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 163. 1892.

Anabaena mollis Kütz., Sp. Alg.287. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium mucosum N.L. Gardner, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 43. 1927. Leptolyngbya mucosa (N.L. Gardner) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 392. 1988.

var. mucosum

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Bidar), Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. arvense C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 6: 370. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Chattishgarh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium pachydermaticum Frémy, Arch. Bot. Mém. 3: 156. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium papyraceum (C. Agardh) K tz. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 15: 173. 1892.

Oscillntoria papyracea C. Agardh, Syst. Alg.61. 1824.

 

var. papyraceum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var. constrictum Bongale, Acta Bot. Indica 15 (1): 112. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium purpurascens (Kütz.) Gomont, J. Bot. 4: 355. 1890.

Leptothrix purpurascens Kütz., Bot. Zeitung 5(13): 220. 1847.

Leptolyngbya purpurascens (Gomont ex Gomont) Anagn.& Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol, Suppl. 80:392, 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Raichur), Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium retzii (C. Agardh) Kütz. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 15: 175. 1892. Oscillatotia retzii C. Agardh, Disp. Alg.suec. 4: 36. 1812.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium retzii f. fasciculata Gomont, Kryptogamen-Flora 14: 1012. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium rubroterricola N.L. Gardner, Mem. New York Bot. Gard 7: 43. 1927. Lyngbya rubroterricola (N.L. Gardner) Senna, Taxon 32: 467. 1983.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium stagninum C.B. Rao, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 17: 93. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Chattishgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium subincrustatum F.E. Fritsch & M.F. Rich, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 18: 82. 1929.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium tenue (Menegh.) Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 169. 1892.

Anabaena tenuis Menegh., Consp. algol. Eugan. 8. 1837.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium truncicola S.L. Ghose, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 46: 338. 1924.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Kerala, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phormidium uncinatum (C. Agardh) Gomont ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 184. 1892.

Oscillatoria uncinata C. Agardh, Flora l0 (40): 631. 1827.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Rajasthan,  Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Polychlamydum W. West & G.S. West

 

Polychlamydum varium S. L. Ghose, J. Burma Res. Soc.17(3): 238.1927.

 

var. constricta Bongale, Phykos 26: 33. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. hyalina Bongale, Phykos 26: 33. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.       

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Porphyrosiphon Kütz.

 

Porphyrosiphon notarisii (Menegh.) Kütz. ex Gomont, Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 2: 7. 1849. Scytonema notarisii Menegh., Sp. Alg.307. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pseudanabaena Lauterborn

 

Pseudanabaena frigida (F.E. Fritsch) Anagn., Preslia 73: 360. 2001.

Phormidium frigidum F.E. Fritsch, Natl. Anctarc. Exped. Nat. Hist. 6 (art. 3): 31. 1912.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Raphidiopsis F.E. Fritsch & Rich.

 

Raphidiopsis curvata F.E. Fritsch & Rich., Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 18: 91. 1929.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Raphidiopsis indica Rama N. Singh, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 21: 239. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Raphidiopsis mediterranea Skuja, Hedwigia 77: 23. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Schizothrix Kütz.

 

Schizothrix heufleri Grünow ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot ser. 7, 15: 325. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Schizothrix lacustris A. Braun ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 15: 301. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Schizothrix mexicana Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 15: 304. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Schizothrix vaginata (Nägeli) Gomont, Ann Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 15: 302. 1892.

Inactis vaginata Nägeli , Sl. Alg.273. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Kerala, Rajasthan

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Symploca Kütz. ex Gomont

 

Symploca cartilaginea (Mont.) Gomont, Monogr. Oscill. 113. 1892.

Symphyothrix cartilagineaMont., Ann Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 4, 14: 168. 1861.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Symploca muscorum (C. Agardh) Gomont, J. Bot. 4: 354. 1890.

Oscillatoria muscorum C. Agardh, Syst. Alg.65. 1824.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spirulina Turpin & N.L. Gardner

 

Spirulina gigantea Schmidle, Engler's Bot. Jahrb. 32: 59. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spirulina gomontii Gutw., Bull. Int. Acad. Sci. Cracovis, Cl. Sci. Math. 613. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spirulina laxissima G.S. West, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 38: 78. 1907.

 

f. laxissima

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. major Desikachary, Cyanophyta 196. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spirulina major Kütz. ex Gomont, Phycol. general. 183. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spirulina meneghiniana Zanardini ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 250. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka(Mysuru, Raichur), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spirulina nordstedtii Gomont,Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7,16: 252. 1893.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi), Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spirulina princeps W. West & G.S. West, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. ser. 2, 6: 205. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Raichur, Uttara Kannada), Assam, Bihar, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spirulina subsalsa Oerst. ex Gomont, Naturhist. Tidsskr. 17. 1842.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Raichur, Dharwar), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar,  Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh,  Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra,  Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trichodesmium Ehrenberg

 

Trichodesmium lacustre Kleb, Forschungsber. Biol. Stat., Plön 3: 13. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: PLEUROCAPSACEAE

 

Myxosarcina Printz

 

Myxosarcina burmensis Skuja, Zur Süsswasseralgenflora Burmas 21. 1949.

Cyanosarcina burmensis (Skuja) Kovácik, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 177. 1988.

Habitat: Freshwater.

Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Rajasthan, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh.

 

Myxosarcina spectabilis Geitler, Arch. Hydrobiol. Planktonk. 12 (4): 624. 1933. Cyanosarcina spectabilis (Geitler) Kovácik, Arch Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 177. 1988.

Habitat: Freshwater.

Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

 

 

Family: RIVULARIACEAE

 

Calothrix C. Agardh ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Calothrix atricha Frémy, Arch. Bot. Mém. 3 (2): 261. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Calothrix brevissima G.S. West, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 38: 180. 1907.

 

var. brevissima

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var. moniliforme S.L. Ghose, J. Burma Res. Soc. 17: 242. 1927.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Maharashtra, West Bengal; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Calothrix castellii var. somastipurense C.S. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 9: 145. 1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Calothrix clavata G.S. West, Mém. Soc. Neuchâtel. Sci. Nat. 5: 1019. 1914.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Calothrix crustacea Thur. ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 3: 359. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Raichur)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Calothrix elenkinii Kossinsk., Bot. Mater. 3: 11. 1924.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Chattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Calothrix javanica De Wilde, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, Suppl. 1: 41. 1897.

 

var. javanica

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. fertilissima G.L. Tiwari, HydrobioIogia 39: 346. 1972.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Madhya Pradesh; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Calothrix marchica Lemmerm., Abh. Naturwiss. Vereins Bremen 23 (1): 248. 1914.

 

var. marchica

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. crassa C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., 8.6: 349. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var.intermedia C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 6: 350. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Calothrix membranacea Schmidle, Bot. Jahrb. 30: 61. 1901.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Calothrix parietina Thur. ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 6, l: 381. 1875.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Calothrix santapaui Gonzalves & N.D. Kamat, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 57: 454. 1960.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Calothrix scytonemicola Tilden, Minn. Alg.Myxophyc. 1: 265. 1910.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Calothrix wembaerensis Hieron. & Schmidle, Nat. Pflanzenfam. I, 1a: 87. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Rajasthan, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Dichothrix Zanardini ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Dichothrix fusca F.E. Fritsch, Ann. S. African Mus. 9: 581. 1918.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Rivularia (Roth) C. Agardh ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Rivularia aquatica De Wilde, Ann. Jardin Buitenzorg. Supp. 1: 40. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Rivularia beccariana (De Not.) Bornet & Flahault, Mém Soc. Natl. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 25: 206. 1885. Euactis beccariana De Not., Hedwigia 5: 107. 1866.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Rivularia bullata (Poir.) Berk ex Bornet & Flahault, Glean. Brit. Alg.8. 1833. Ulva bullata Pior., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 8: 175. 1808.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Rivularia hansgirgi Schmidle, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 6: 34. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Maharashtra, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeotrichia J. Agardh ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Gloeotrichia echinulata (Sm.) P.G. Richt., Forschungsber. Biol. Stat. Plön 2: 31. 1894. Confeva echinulata Sm., Engl. Bot. t.1378. 1804.

 

var. echinulata

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. berhampurense C.B. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 8: 161.  1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Kerala, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeotrichia ghosei Rama N.Singh, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 9: 64. 1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeotrichia indica Schmidle, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 35. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeotrichia pilgeri Schmidle, Hedwigia 40: 54. 1901.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeotrichia raciborskii Wolosz., Bull. Int. Acad. Sci. Cracovie, Cl. Sci. Math ser. B 6: 687. 1912.

 

var. raciborskii

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. conica S.C. Dixit, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 3: 97. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. longispora C.S. Rao, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 9: 146. 1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Raichur), Bihar, Uttar Pradesh; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: SCYTONEMATACEAE

 

Plectonema Thur. ex Gomont

 

Plectonema dangeardii Frémy, Arch. Bot. Mém. 3( 2): 175. 1930.

Leptolyngbya dangeardii (Fay) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 391. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Kerala.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Plectonema golenkinianum Gomont, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 46: 35. 1899. Pseudophormidium golenkinianum (Gomont) Anagn., PresIia 73: 370. 2001.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Plectonema nostocorum Bornet ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 102. 1892. Leptolyngbya nostocorum (Bornet ex Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 392. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Plectonema notatum Schmidle, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 7: 84. 1901.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Plectonema puteale (Kirchn.) Hansg., Bot. Centralbl. 22: 18. 1885.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Plectonema terebrans Bornet & Flahault ex Gomont, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 36: 163. 1889. Leptolyngbya terebrans (Bornet & Flahault ex Gomont) Anagn. & Komárek, Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl. 80: 393. 1988.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Plectonema wollei Farl. ex Gomont, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 16: 98. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Camptylonemopsis Desikachary

 

Camptylonemopsis lahorensis (S.L. Ghose) Desikachary, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 18: 49. 1948. Camptylonema Iahorense S.L. Ghose, New Phytol. 19: 35. 1920.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Punjab; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Camptylonemopsis minor Desikachary, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 18: 47. 1948.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema C. Agardh ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Scytonema bewsii F.E. Fritsch & Rich, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 11: 364.1924.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema bohneri Schmidle, Bot. Jahrb. 30: 60. 1901.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Scytonema cincinnatum (Kütz.) Thur. ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 6, 1: 380. 1875.

Lyngbya cincinnata Kütz., Phycol. general.  226. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Meghalaya, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema dilatatum Bharadwaja, Rev. Algol. 7: 161. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema guyanense var. minus N.L. Gardner, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 79. 1927.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema hofmannii C. Agardh ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 5: 97. 1888.

 

var. hofmannii

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. crassa Bharadwaja, Rev. Algol. 7: 167. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema iyengarii Bharadwaja, Rev. Algol. 7: 159. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha, Uttarakhand, West Bengal; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema millei Bornet ex Bornet & FIahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 5: 93. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema myochrous (Dillwyn) C. Agardh ex Bornet & Flahault, Disp. Alg.suec. 38. 1812. Conferva myochrous Dillwyn, Brit. Conferv. 19. 1809.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema pascheri Bharadwaja, Rev. Algol. 7: 158. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema pseudopunctatum Skuja, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. ser. 4, 14(5): 38. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema saleyeriense Weber Bosse, Siboga-Exped. Monogr. 59: 31. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema schmidtii Gomont, Fl. koh Chang 124. 1901.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema simplex Bharadwaja, Rev. Algol. 7: 157. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scytonema stuposum (Kütz.) Bornet ex Bornet & Flahault, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 7, 5: 92. 1888.

Calothrix stuposa Kütz., Sp. Alg.312, 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Shivamogga), Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tolypothrix Kütz. ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Tolypothrix arencphila W. West & G.S. West, J. Bot. 35: 267. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Goa, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tolypothrix bouteillei (Bréb. & Desm.) Forti, Syll. Alg.5: 552. 1907.

Sirosiphon boutellei Bréb. & Desm. Pl. Cryptog. France .ser. II, 140. 1854.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tolypothrix campylonemoides S.L. Ghose, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 46: 344. 1924.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tolypothrix distorta Kütz. ex Bornet & Flahault, Phycol. general. 228. 1843.

 

var. distorta

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

 

var.penicillata (C. Agardh) Lemmerm., Kryptogamenflora der Mark Brandenburg 3: 218. 1910. Scytonema penicillatum C. Agardh, Syn. Alg.Scand. 116. 1817.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Gujarat, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tolypothxix limbata Thur., Revis. Nostoc. hét. 124. 1887.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tolypothrix tenuis (Kütz.) Johs. Schmidt, Bot. Tidsskr. 22: 383. 1899.

 

f. tenuis

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tripura, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. terrestris J.B. Petersen, Bot. Iceland 2: 306. 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: STIGONEMATACEAE

 

Fischerella (Bornet & Flahault) Gomont

 

Fischerella reptans f. bevurensis M.V. Sriniv., Phykos 2: 47. 1963.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Haplosiphon Nägeli

 

Haplosiphon baronii W. West & G.S. West, Trans. Linn. Soc. London Bot. 5: 85. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Haplosiphon flagelliformis (Schmidle) Forti, Syll. Alg.5: 567. 1907.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Haplosiphon fontinalis Bornet, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 36: 156. 1889.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Haplosiphon hibernicus W. West & G.S. West, Trans. Roy. Microscop. Soc. London 5: 163. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Haplosiphon intricatus W. West & G.S. West, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 30: 271. 1894.

Distribution: Karnataka, Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Haplosiphon luteolus W. West & G.S. West, J. Bot. 35: 241. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Kerala, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Haplosiphon stuhlmanii Hieron, Pflanzenw. Öst-Afrikas C: 10, 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Hapalosiphon welwitschii W. West & G.S. West, J. Bot. 35: 242. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Stigonema C. Agardh ex Bornet & Flahault

 

Stigonema aerugineum Tilden, Minn. Alg.Myxophyc. 245. 1910.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Stigonema dendroideum Frémy, Myxophyc. Afr. équat. franc. 405. 1929.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Tripura.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Stigonema mesentericum Geitler, in Pascher's Süsswaserflora 184. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Westiellopsis Janet

 

Westiellopsis prolifica Janet, Ann. Bot. 5: 167. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Class: Chlorophyceae

 

Family: CAULERPACEAE

 

Bryopsis J.V.Lamour.

 

Bryopsis plumosa (Huds.) C. Agardh, Spec. Alg.448. 1823.

Ulva plumosa Huds., Fl. angl. 571. 1778.

Distribution: Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Caulerpa J.V.Lamour.

 

Caulerpa peltata J.V. Lamour, Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1: 332. 1809.

Distribution: Karnataka, Andaman & Nicobar, Goa, Gujarat, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Caulerpa racemosa (Forssk.) J. Agardh, Acta Univ. Lund. 9(8): 35. 1873.Fucus racemosus Forssk., Fl. aegypt.–arab. 191. 1775.

Distribution: Karnataka, Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Caulerpa sertularioides (S.G. Gmel.) M. Howe, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 576. 1905. Fucus sertularioides S.G. Gmel., Hist. fuc. 151. 1768.

Distribution: Karnataka, Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: CHARACEAE

 

Chara L.

 

Chara braunii C.C. Gmel., Fl. bad. 646. 1826.

 

var. braunii

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. kurzii Zaneveld, Blumea 4(1): 144. 1940.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Bihar.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Chara fibrosa f. erythrogyna (Griff.) R.D.Wood, Taxon 11: 13. 1962.

Chara erythrogyna Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 2: 278. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Bihar, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Chara flaccida A. Braun, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 1: 296. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitella C.Agardh

 

Nitella acuminata A. Braun, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 1: 292. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitella furcata (Roxb. ex Bruzelius) C. Agardh, Syst. Alg.124. 1824.

Chara furcata Roxb. ex Bruzelius, Observ. gen. Chara. 22.1824.

 

subsp. furcata  f. furcata

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

subsp. flagellifera f. patula (J. Groves & G.O. Allen) R.D. Wood in R.D. Wood & Imahori, Characeae 521. 1965.

Nitella patula J. Groves & G.O. Allen, J. Bot. 65: 338. 1927

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitella hyalina (DC.) C. Agardh, Syst. Alg.126. 1824.

Chara hyalina DC. Fl. Franc.6: 247. 1805.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitella mucronata (A. Braun) Miq., Herm. Hall, Fl. Belg. Septentr. 2: 428. 1840.

Chara mucronata A. Braun, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 2: 35. 1834.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitella oligospira A. Braun, Fragm. monogr. Charac. 5: 67. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: CHAETOPHORACEAE

 

Chaetophora Schrank

 

Chaetophora attenuate Hazen, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 11: 213. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Jharkhand, Delhi, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat:Freshwater.

 

Fritschiella M.O.P. Iyengar

 

Fritschiella tuberosa M.O.P. Iyengar, New Phytol. 31: 329. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Family: CHLAMYDOMONADACEAE

 

Chlamydomonas Ehrenb.

 

Chlamydomonas cylindrocystiformis M.O.P. Iyengar, Volvocales 284. 1981.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Tamil Nadu; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Chlamydomonas globosa J. Snow, U.S. Fish. Commiss. Bull. 1902: 389. 1903.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: CHLOROCOCCACEAE

 

                                                        Chlorococcum Menegh.                   

 

Chlorococcum humicolo (Nägeli) Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.58. 1868.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

                                          Family: CLADOPHORACEAE

 

Chaetomorpha Kütz.

 

Chaetomorpha antennina (Bory) Kütz, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 5: 166. 1847.

Conferva antennina Bory, Voy. iles Afrique 381. 1804.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

 

Chaetomorpha linum (O.F. Müll.) Kütz., Phycol. Germ. 204. 1845.

Conferva linum O.F. Müll., Fl. Danica 7. 1778.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Udupi), Andaman & Nicobar, Goa, Gujarat, Lakshadweep, Odisha, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Cladophora Kütz.

 

Cladophora bombayensis Børgesen, Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. 12(2): 22. 1935.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Goa, Maharashtra.

Habitat:Marine.

 

Cladophora prolifera (Roth) Kütz., Phycol. general. 271. 1843.

Conferva prolifera Roth, Catal. Bot. 182. 1797.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra.

Habitat:Marine.

 

Family: COCCOMYXACEAE

 

Tetraspora Link ex Desv.

 

Tetraspora lacustris Lemmerm., Pascher's Süsswasserflora 2: 21. 1915.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: CODIACEAE

 

Avrainvillea Decaisne

 

Avrainvillea amadelpha (Mont.) A. Gepp & E. Gepp, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 7: 178. 1908.

Udotea amadelpha Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 7: 136. 1857.

Distribution: Karnataka (),

Habitat: Marine*

 

Chlorodesmis Harvey & Bailey

 

Chlorodesmis caespitosa J. Agardh, Acta Univ. Lund. 23(2): 49. 1887.

Distribution: Karnataka (),

Habitat: Marine*        

 

Family: COELASTRACEAE

 

Coelastrum Nägeli

 

Coelastrum cambricum W. Archer, Quart. J. Microscop. Sci. 8: 65. 1868.

 

var. cambricum

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. intermedium (Bohlin) G.S. West, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 38: 136. 1907.

Coelastrum pulchrum var. intermedium Bohlin, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.- Akad.Handl. 23(7): 35. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Delhi, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: DESMIDIACEAE

 

Actinotaenium (Nägeli) Teiling

 

Actinotaenium crassiusculum (de Bary) Teiling, Bot. Not. 1954: 398. 1954.

Penium crassiusculum de Bary, Unters. conjugaten 73. 1858.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Arthrodesmus Ehrenb. ex Ralfs

 

Arthrodesmus convergens Ehrenb., Infusionsthierchen 152. 1838.

 

f. convergens

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. curta W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 134. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Arthrodesmus gibberulus Joshua, J. Bot. 23: 34. 1885.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Arthrodesmus subulatus Kütz., Sp. Alg.176. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bambusina Kütz.

 

Bambusina brebissonii var. gracilescens Wolle, Desmids U.S. 25. 1884.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium Nitzsch ex Ralfs

 

Closterium abruptumW. West, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. London 8: 719. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium acerosum Ehrenb. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 164. 1848.

 

f. acerosum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. rectum A.M. Scott & Prescott, Hydrobiologia 17(1-2): 10. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium aciculare T. West, Trans. Roy. Microscop. Soc. London 8: 153. 1860.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Gujarat, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium angustatum Kütz., Phycol. germ. 132. 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Goa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium cynthia De Not., Desmid. Ital. 65. 1867.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Goa, Kerala, Maharashtra, Sikkim, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium dianae Ehrenb. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid.168. 1848.

 

var. dianae

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. minus (Schröd.) Willi Krieg., Krypt.-Fl. Sachsen 183. 1933.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. pseudodianae (J. Roy) Willi Krieg., Krypt. Fl. Sachsen 297. 1935.

Closterium pseudodianae J. Roy, Naturalist 10: 132. 1890.  

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Goa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium ehrenbergii Menegh. ex Falfs, Brit. Desmid. 166. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Chattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium gracile Bréb. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 221. 1848.

 

var. gracile

f. gracile

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. tenue (Lemmerm.) Kossinsk., Conju. 2: 140. 1960.

Closterium limneticum var tenue Lemmerm., Abh. Naturwiss. Vereins Bremen 16(2): 28. 1899.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. intermedium Irénée-Marie., Nat. Carpatica 78: 115. 1951.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan), Goa, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Closterium idiosporum West & G.S. West, J. Bot. 38: 290. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium incurvum Bréb., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 4: 150. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan), Andaman & Nicobar, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium infractum Messik., Viertel Jahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 74: 149. 1929.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium intermedium Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 171. 1848.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium jenneri Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 167. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium juncidum Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 172. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium kuetzingii Bréb., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 4: 156. 1856.

 

var. kuetzingii

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Mysuru, Mysore, Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. vittatum Nordst., Bot. Not. 1887: 163. 1887.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium leibleinii Kütz. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 167. 1848.

 

var. leibleinii

 

f. leibleinii

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. intermedium (J. Roy & Bisset) G.S. West, J. Bot. 37: 16. 1899. Penium libellula var. intermedium J. Roy & Bisset, Ann. Scott. Nat.Hist. 4: 252. 1893.   

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. interruptum (West & G.S. West) Willi Krieg., Rabenh., Krypt. –Fl. Sachsen 334. 1934.

Penium libellula var. interruptum West & G.S. West, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. London 31: 479. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium lineatum var. costatum Hastings, Freshwater Alg.U.S. 25. 1887.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium londaensis Bharati & Gonzalves, J. Karnataka Univ. 7: 178. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium lunula (O.F. Müll.) Nitzsch ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 163. 1848.

 

var. lunula

Vibris lunula O.F. Müll., Naturforscher (Leipzig) 20: 142. 1784.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. biconvexum Schmidle, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 45: 309. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var.intermedium Gutw., Rozpr. Spraw. Posiedzeñ Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn. Krakow 33: 344. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. massartii (De Wild.) Willi Krieg., Krypt.-Fl. Sachsen 304. 1937.

Closterium massartii De Wild., J. Bot. 20: 801. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium macilentum var. substriatum (Grönblad) Willi Krieg., Rabenh., Krypt.-Fl. Sachsen 389.1933.

Pinium macilentum Grönblad, Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 55(3):15: 1924.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium moniliferum (Bory) Ehrenb., Infusionsthierchen 91. 1838.

Lunulina monilifera Bory, Encycl. Biol.2: 501. 1824.           

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium nematodes Joshua, J. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 5: 652. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium parvulum Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.106. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium pleurodermatum West & G.S. West, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. London 15: 481. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Goa, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium porrectum Nordst., Desmid. Brasil. 203. 1870.

 

var. porrectum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. angustatum West & G.S. West, Monogr. Brit. Desmid. 1: 116. 1904.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium pralongum Bréb., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 4: 152. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan), Goa, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium pritchardianum W. Archer., Quart. J. Microscop. Sci. 2: 250. 1862.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Madhya Pradesh, Goa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium ralfsii var. hybridum Rabenh., Krypt.-Fl. Sachsen. 174. 1863.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Goa, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium rectimarginatum A.M. Scott & Prescott, Hydrobiologia 17(1-2): 13. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium rostratum Ehrenb. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 175. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium setaceum Ehrenb. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 176. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium siliqua West & G.S. West, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. London 15: 480. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Mysuru), Goa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium spetsbergense f. longius V.I. Poljansky, J. Jap. Bot. 41(9): 282. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium subtruncatum West & G.S. West, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. London 15: 482. 1892.

Distribution: Freshwaer – Karnataka (Shivamogga), Goa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium tumidulum F. Gay, Monogr. Conjug. 339. 1884.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bangalooru, Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium tumidum L.N. Johnson, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22(7): 291. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Goa, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, MaharashtraPunjab, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium turgidum var. borgei Deflandre, Rev. Algol. 2: 915. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium ulna G.W. Focke, Phycol. Stud. 68. 1847.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Closterium venus Kütz., Phycol. Germ. 130. 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Delhi,

Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur,

Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium Corda ex Ralfs

 

Cosmarium angulosum Bréb., Mém. Soc. Imp. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 4: 127. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium askenasyi f. latum A.M. Scott & Prescott, Hydrobiologia 17: 16. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium auriculatum Reinsch, Chlorophyceae 83. 1875.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Andhara Pradesh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh,Maharashtra, Manipur, New Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium bengalense W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25 (5): 56. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium binum Nordst., Wittr. & Nordst., Alg.aquaedulc. exs. 383. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium bioculatum Bréb. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 95. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium bipunctatum var. spinuliferum G.R. Hegde, Phykos 25: 108. 1986.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium bituberculatum F.E. Fritsch & M.F. Rich, Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 21: 428. 1907.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium blyttii Wille in Forh. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania 1880(11): 25. 1880.

 

f. blyttii

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Chattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. australiacum Schmidle, Flora 82: 308. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan), Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium circulare var. messikomeri Willi Krieg. & Gerloff, Gatt. Cosmarium 102. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan), Andaman & Nicobar, Manipur, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium conspersum var. latum (Bréb.) West & G.S. West, Monogr. Brit. Desmid. 4: 15. 1912.

Cosmarium latum Bréb., Mém. Soc. Imp. Sci. Nat.Cherbourg 4: 128. 1856.           

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium contractum O. Kirchn., Alg.Schles. 147. 1878.

 

var. contractum

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. abbreviatum Brühl & Biswas, Mem. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 8(5): 288. 1926.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Odisha; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. ellipsoideum (Elfving) West & G.S. West, Trans. Roy. Irish Acad. 32: 40. 1902.

Cosmarium ellipsoideum Elfving, Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 2: 16. 1881.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium crassangulatum var. trilerrucosum f. granulatum G.R Hegde, Phykos 25: 109. 1986.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium cucurbitinum (Bisset) Lütkemüller, Verh.K Zool. Bot.Ges. Wien 60: 487.1910.

Penium cucurbitinum Bisset, J.Royal Micros. Soc., ser. 2, 4:197. pl.5, fig. 7. 1884.

Actinotaenium cucurbitinum (Bisset) Teiling, Bot. Notis. 4: 399, fig. 36.1954.

 

var. longum A.M. Scott & Grönblad, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 2(8): 16. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. truncatum Willi Krieg., Arch. Hydrobiol. 11: 140. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium cuneatum Joshua, J. Bot. 20: 301. 1882.

 

var. cuneatum

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. ornatum G.R. Hegde, Phykos 25: 109. 1986.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium decoratum West & G.S. West, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 5: 61. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Chattisgarh, Kerala, Sikkim.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium depressum (Nägeli) P. Lundell, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 8 (2): 38. 1871.

Euastrum depressum Nägeli, Gatt. einz. Alg.114. 1849.

 

var. depressum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu& Kashmir, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh,West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. apertum (W.B. Turner) Hirano, Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ. 19(2): 66. 1948.

Cosmarium apertum W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl.25(5): 54. 1892.  

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Gujarat, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium dharwarense Bharati & Gonzalves, J. Karnataka Univ. 7: 174. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium difficile Lütkem., Verh. K.K. Zool.–Bot. Ges. Wien 42: 551. 1893.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium emarginatum Bharati & G.R. Hegde, Phykos 21: 144. 1982.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium excavatum f. duplo-maius Wille, Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 5: 18. 1879.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium freemanii var. verrucosum A.M. Scott & Prescott, Hydrobiologia 17(1-2): 58. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium galeritum Nordst., Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 21: 209. 1870.

 

var. galeritum

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Belagavi), Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. westii Willi Krieg & Gerloff, Gatt. Cosmarium 144. 1965.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium granatum Bréb. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 96. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Belagavi, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium isthmocymatium Skuja, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 14: 125. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium ligoniforme var. borgei f. undulatum G.R. Hegde, Phykos 25: 109. 1986.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium lundellii var. ellipticum West & G.S. West, Monogr. Brit. Desmid. 2: 138. 1905.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium maculatiforme var. major Gutw., Bull. Acad. Sci. Cracovie, Cl. Sci. Math. Nat. 9: 587. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium margaritatum (P. Lundell) J. Roy & Bisset, J. Bot. 24: 194. 1886.

Cosmarium latum var. margaritatum P. Lundell, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 8(2): 16. 1871.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium medioscrobiculatum var. egarnulatum Gutw., Bull. Acad Sci. Cracovie, Cl. Sci. Math. Nat. 9: 587.1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Jharkhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium moniliforme var. indentatum A.M. Scott & Grönblad, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 2(8): 19. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium monomazum P. Lundell, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 8(2): 32. 1871.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium multituberculatum var. africanum Bourr., Rev. Algol 2: 189. 1964.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium norimbergense var. depressum (West & G.S.West) Willi Krieg. & Gerloff, Gatt. Cosmarium 292. 1969.

Cosmarium norimbergense f. depressa West & G.S. West, J. Linn. Soc. London Bot. 33: 119. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium nymannianum Grunow, Fl. Eur. Alg.166. 1868.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium obsoletum (Hantzsch ex Ralfs) Reinsch, Abh. Naturhist. Ges. Nürnberg 3(2): 40.  1867.

Arthrodesmus obsoletulus Hantzsch ex Ralfs, Brit.Desmid. 76. 1848.

 

var. obsoletum

Distribution: Karnataka (Bagalkot, Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. sitvense Gutw., Bull. Acad. Sci. Cracovie, Cl. Sci. Math. Nat. 1902: 594. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium obtusatum (Schmidle) Schmidle, Bot. Jaarb. 26: 38. 1898.

Cosmarium undulatum var. obtusatum Schmidle, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 11: 550. 1894.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bagalkot, Dharwad), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium paucigranulatum Borge, Ark. Bot. 18(10): 10. 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium phaseolus Bréb. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 106. 1848.

 

var. phaseolus

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. amphalum (Scharrsch) Racib., Notarisia 13: 660. 1889.

Cosmarium amphalum Scharrsch., Magyar Növényt. Lapok 4: 102. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium pleurotaeniforme var.simplex G.R. Hegde, Phykos 25: 110. 1986.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium polymorphum var. gronbladii Kurt Först., Amazônia 2: 209. 1969.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), West Bengal, Sikkim.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium pseudobroomei Wolle, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 11(2): 16. 1884.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium pseudogranatum A.M. Scott & Prescott, Rec. Amer. Austral Sci. Exped. Arnhemland 3: 49. 1958.

 

var. pseudogranatum

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. rotundatum (Willi Krieg.) Messik., Naturforscher (Leipzig) 80: 15. 1935.

Cosmarium granatum var.rotundatum Willi Krieg., Arch. Hydrobiol. 11: 154. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium pseudohexagonoides Brühl & Biswas, Mem. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 8 (5): 289. 1926.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Manipur.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium punctulatum Bréb., Mém. Soc. Imp. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 4: 129. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkahand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium pyramidatum Bréb. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 94. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium regnellii var. chondrophorum Skuja, Nova ActaRegiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 16 (3): 15. 1956.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium regnesii Reinsch, Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. 6: 116. 1866.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium reniforme (Ralfs) W. Archer, J. Bot. 14: 92. 1874.

Cosmarium margaritiferum var. reniforme Ralfs, Brit. Desmid.100. 1848. 

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium retusiforme (Wille) Gutw., Botz. Zentralbl. 43: 69. 1890.

Cosmarium hammeri f. retusiforme Wille, Christianias Phys. Aarbog 11: 45. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium scabrum W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 65. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater

 

Cosmarium sexangulare var. minus J. Roy & Bisset, J. Bot. 24: 195. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium speciosum P. Lundell, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 8: 34. 1871.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium spinuliferum West & G.S.West, J. Linn. Soc. London Bot. 33: 118. 1897.

 

var. major U.D. Bongale, Phykos 25: 79. 1986.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. rectangular U.D. Bongale, Phykos 25: 80. 1986.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. subcirculare U.D. Bongale, Phykos 25: 81. 1986.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium striolatum var. nordestedtii (K. Möbius) Willi Krieg., Arch. Hydrobiol. 11: 135. 1932.

Pleurotaeniopsis tessellata var. nordstedtii K. Möbius, Flora 3: 435. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium subexcavatum West & G.S. West, J. Bot. 38: 293. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium subimpressulum Borge, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 19: 27. 1894.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium subspeciosum Nordst., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 32 (6): 22. 1875.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium subtumidum var. circulare Borge, Bot. Not. 1892: 57. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium taxichondrum P. Lundell, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 8(2): 39. 1871.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium tetraophthalmum var. crassiverrucosum Kurt Först., Rev. Algol. 2: 151. 1965.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium tjibenongense f. minor G.S. West, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 5: 247. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium trachypleurum P. Lundell, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 8(2): 27. 1871.

 

var. trachypleurum

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. nordstedtii Gutw., Bull. Acad. Sci. Cracovie, Cl. Sci. Math. Nat. 9: 580.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium trachypolum West & G.S. West, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 5: 248. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium tumidum f. inflata Schmidle, Flora 78: 49. 1894.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium vexatum var. aethiopicum Kurt Först., Rev. Algol. 7 (3): 224. 1964.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Bihar, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium viride (Corda) Joshua, J. Bot. 23: 34. 1885.

Colpopelta viridis Corda, Alman. Carlsbad .1835: 170. 1835.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Manipur.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium westii C. Bernard, Protococc. desmid. 91. 1908.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cosmarium zonatum var. latum A.M. Scott & Grönblad, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 2(8): 56. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Desmidium C.Agardh ex Ralfs

 

Desmidium aptogonum Bréb., Alg.Falaise 65. 1835.

 

var. aptogonum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Manipur, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. tetragonum West & G.S. West, Ann. Roy Bot. Gard. Calcutta 6: 199. 1907.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Desmidium baileyi f. tetragonum Nordst., Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 21: 220.1870.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Desmidium bengalicum W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 147. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Desmidium grevillei (Ralfs) de Bary, Unters. Conjugaten 76. 1858.

Didymoprium grevillei Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 57. 1848.          

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Desmidium pseudostreptonema West & G.S. West, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 6: 193. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Desmidium quadratum Nordst., Acta Univ. Lund. 9: 49. 1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Desmidium suboccidentale A.M. Scott & Prescott, Hydrobiologia 17(1-2): 125. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Desmidium swartzii C. Agardh ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 61. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Bihar, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Docidium Bréb. ex Ralfs

 

Docidium baculum Bréb., Alg.Falaise. 59. 1835.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum Ehrenb. ex Ralfs

 

Euastrum acanthophorum W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 82. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater

 

Euastrum ansatum Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1831: 82. 1832.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum bombayense Brandham, Brit. Phycol. Bull. 3: 192. 1967.

 

var. bombayense

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. gokakense U.D. Bongale & V.S. Kaulapur, Persp. Phycol. 75. 1990.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum dubium Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.122. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum insulare (Wittr.) J. Roy, Scott. Naturalist (Edinburgh) 1: 70: 1877.

Euastrum binale var. insulare Wittr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 7: 14.1869.

 

f. insulare      

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. dubia Suxena & V. Venkat., Phykos 7: 171. 1968.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum levatum W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 80. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum londaens Bharati & Gonzalves, J. Karnataka Univ. 7: 176. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum platycerum Reinsch, Chlorophyceae 85. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru), Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum pseudoquintenum Bharati & Gonzalves, J. Karnataka Univ. 7: 177. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum radiatum W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 83. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum serratum Joshua, J. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 21: 639. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum spinulosum Delponte, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 28: 97. 1876.

 

var. spinulosum

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. inermius (Nordst.) C. Bernard, Protococc. desmid. 126. 1908.

Euastrum spinulosum subsp. inermius Nordst., Bot. Not. 1882: 96. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum substellatum Nordst., Acta Univ. Lund. 4: 8. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euastrum verrucossum Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1833: 247. 1834.

 

var. verrucossum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. vallesiacum Viret, Bull. Soc. Bot. Genéve 1(2): 259. 1909.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Hyalotheca Ehrenb. ex Ralfs

 

Hyalotheca mucosa Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 53. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Micrasterias C.Agardh ex Ralfs

 

Micrasterias crux-melitensis Menegh. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 73. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Manipur.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Micrasterias euasteriellopsis Bharati, Rev. Algol. 8: 43. 1965.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Micrasterias foliacea Bailey ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 210. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Micrasterias lux Joshua, J. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 21: 636. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Micrasterias pinnatifida Kütz. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 77. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka ( Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Micrasterias zeylanica F.E. Fritsch, Proc. Roy. Soc. London 79B: 246. 1907.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Onychonema G.C.Wall.

 

Onychonema leave Nordst., Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 21: 206. 1870.

 

var. leave

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. latum West & G.S. West, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 5: 232. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Penium Bréb. ex Ralfs

 

Penium margaritaceum (Ehrenb.) Bréb., Brit. Desmid. 149. 1848.

Closterium margaritaceumEhrenb., Organ. Infusionsthierchen 95. 1838.    

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Mysuru, Mysuru), Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium Nägeli

 

Pleurotaenium australianum (Borgert) A.M. Scott & al., Acta Bot. Fenn. 69. 34. 1965. Closterium australianum Borgert, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 17(2): 9. 1891.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium baculoides (J. Roy & Bisset) Playfair, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 32: 162. 1907.

Docidium baculoides J. Roy &Bisset, J. Bot. 24: 241. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan), Goa, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium coroniferum (Borgert) Willi Krieg., Rabenh., Krypt.-Fl. Sachsen 25. 1938.

 

var. coroniferum

Docidium coroniferum Borgert, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 7(2): 8. 1837.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. multinodosum A.M. Scott & Prescott, Hydrobiologia 17(1-2): 15. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Goa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium cylindricum var.stuhlmannii (Hieron.) Willi Krieg., Rabenh., Krypt.-Fl. Sachsen 1: 420. 1937.

Docidium cylindricum Hieron., Engl., Nat. Pflanzenfam. 52. 1842.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium ehrenbergii (Bréb. ex Ralfs) de Bary, Unters. conjugaten 75. 1858. Docidium ehrenbergii Ralfs, Brit.Desmid. 157. 1848.

 

var. ehrenbergii         

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru, Belagavi, Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. elongatum West, J. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 29: 284. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Hassan), Goa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var.undulatum Schaarschm., Magyar. Desm. 278. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Goa, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium eugeneum (W.B. Turner) West & G.S. West, Monogr. Brit. Desmid. 1: 202. 1904.

Docidium eugeneum W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 30. 1892.

 

f. eugeneum

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Goa, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. constrictum A.M. Scott & Prescott, Hydrobiologia 17(1-2): 15. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Goa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium indicum (Grunow) P. Lundell, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 3: 90. 1871.

Docidium indicum Grunov,Desm. Ins. 13. 1869.      

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium karnatakense Bharati & Gonzalves, J. Karnataka Univ. 7: 175. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium kayei Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.144. 1868.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Goa, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium minutum var. bourrellyi Grönblad & al., Acta Bot. Fenn. 58: 50. 1958.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Kerala, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium ovatum Nordst., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.–Akad. Förh. 3: 18. 1877.

 

var. ovatum

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. inermis M. Möbius, Flora 3: 12. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium pygmaeum Bharati & Gonzalves, J. Karnataka Univ. 7: 179. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium subcoronulatum (W.B. Turner) West & G.S. West, J. Bot. 33: 66. 1895. Docidium subcoronulatum W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl.25(5): 29. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Mysuru), Goa, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium trabecula (Ehrenb.) Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.104. 1849.

Closterium trabecula Ehrenb., Infusionsthierchen 62. 1830.

 

var. trabecula

f. trabecula      

 

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru), Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. clavata (Kütz.) West & G.S. West, Bot. Trans. Yorkshire. Naturalists Union 5: 58.1901.

Docidium clavatum Kütz., Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 156. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan), Goa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. maximum (Reinsch) J. Roll, Desmid. 66. 1927.

Docidium maximum Reinsch., Spec. gener. Alg.140. 1867. 

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. rectum (Delponte) West & G.S. West, Monogr. Brit. Desmid. 1: 212. 1904.

Pleurotaenium rectum Delponte,Spec. Desmid. subalp. 129. 1877.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Delhi, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. robustum Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Planktonk. 6: 324. 1911.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Pleurotaenium trochiscum West & G.S. West, J. Bot. 33: 64. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium truncatum (Bréb.) Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.104. 1849.

Closterium truncatum Bréb., Cheval micros. 272. 1839.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan), Andaman & Nicobar, Sikkim, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurotaenium verrucosum (Ralfs) H.C.Wood, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 19: 121.1873

 

var. bulbosum Willi Krieg., Rabenh., Krypt.-Fl. Sachsen 59. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Goa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. validum A.M. Scott & Grönblad, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 2(8): 58. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Goa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spondylosium Bréb. ex Kütz.

 

Spondylosium planum (Wolle) West & G.S. West, J. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 40: 430. 1912.

Sphaerozosma pulchrum var. planum Wolle, Desmids U.S. 29. 1884.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spondylosium pseudomoniliferum Bharati & Gonzalves, J. Karnataka Univ. 7: 178. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum Meyen ex Ralfs

 

Staurastrum arachne Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 136. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum bieneanum Rabenh., Alg.Sachsen exs. 1410. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum bifidum Bréb. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 215. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum columbetoides W. West & G.S. West, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. London 13: 65. 1894.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru), Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum corniculatum var. spinigerum West, J. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 29: 171. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum coroniferum W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 114. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum dejectus (Bréb.) Teiling, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 6: 275. 1912.

Xanthidium dejectus Bréb., Mém. Soc. Imp. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 4: 140. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum dickiei var. circulare W.B. Turner, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. London 5: 742. 1885.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum dilatatum Ehrenb. ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 133. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum forficulatum var. minus (F.E. Fritsch & M.R. Rich) Grönblad et A.M. Scott., Acta Bot. Fenn. 58: 52. 1958.

Xanthidium forficulatum F.E. Fritsch & M.R. Rich, Trans. Roy. Soc.South Africa 25(2): 179. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum gonzalvesianum Bharati & G.R. Hegde, Phykos 21: 144. 1982.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum gracile Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 136. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum hexacerum (Ehrenb.) Wittr., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 1: 51. 1872.

Desmidium hexaceros Ehrenb., Organ. Infusionsthierchen. 293. 1834.

 

var. hexacerum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. pentagona Willi Krieg., Arch. Hydrobiol. 11: 217. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum indentatum West & G.S. West, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 5: 36. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum laeve Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 131. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum leptocladum var. cornutum Wille, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.–Akad. Handl. 8: 53. 1884.

Dist ribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum manfeldtii Delponte, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 30: 64. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum megacanthum P. Lundell, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 8: 61. 1871.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum orbiculare Meneghini ex Ralfs, Brit. Desmid. 125, pl. 21,fig. 5. 1848.

 

var.depressum J. Roy & Bisset, J. Bot. 10: 237. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. ralfsii West & G.S. West, J. Linn. Soc. London, Bot 40: 156. 1912.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum pachyrhynchum Nordst., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 6: 32. 1875.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum prescottii Bharati & G.R. Hegde, Phykos 21: 145. 1982.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum pseudounicorne Bharati & G.R. Hegde, Phykos 21: 146. 1982.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum pyramidatum West & G.S. West, J. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 29: 179. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Hassan).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum retusum W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5):104. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum sexangulare var. intermedium W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5):117. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum subarmigeram J. Roy & Bisset, J. Bot. 10: 245. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum sunderbundanse W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 124. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum tohopekaligense Wolle, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 12: 128. 1885.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurastrum unicorne W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 107. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Triploceras Bailey

 

Triploceras gracile Bailey, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 2(8): 38. 1851.

var. undulatum

 

f. undulatum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. curvatum A.M. Scott & Prescott, Hydrobiologia 17(1-2): 20. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. undulatum A.M. Scott & Prescott, Hydrobiologia 17: 21. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Xanthidium Ehrenb. ex Ralfs

 

Xanthidium acanthophorum var. raciborskii Gutw., Bull. Acad. Sci. Cracovie, Cl. Sci. Math. Nat. 1902: 585.1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Xanthidium antilopaeum var. hebridarum West & G.S. West, Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 41(3): 500. 1905.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Xanthidium croasdalianum G.R. Hegde, Curr. Sci. 55: 413. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Xanthidium hastiferum f.plana W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 100. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Xanthidium lepidum West & G.S. West, Trans. Roy. Irish Acad. 32: 29. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Xanthidium perissacanthum var. minus A.M. Scott & Prescott, Hydrobiologia 17(1-2): 83. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Xanthidium raneegungense W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 102. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Manipur.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Xanthidium riethalliense Bharati & G.R. Hegde, Phykos 21: 145. 1982.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: DICTYOSPHAERIACEAE

 

Dimorphococcus A. Braun

 

Dimorphococcus lunatus A. Braun, Alg.unicell. cog. 44. 1855.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Manipur, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Famaily: GONATOZYGACEAE

 

Gonatozygon Bary

 

Gonatozygon aculeatum Hastings, Amer. Monthly Microscop. J. 12: 78. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gonatozygon brebissonii de Bary, Unters. conjugaten 77. 1858.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gonatozygon kinahani (W. Archer) Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.156. 1868.

Leptocystinema kinahani W. Archer., Proc. Nat. Hist. Soc. Wisconsin 5: 243. 1858.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gonatozygon monotaenium de Bary, Alg.Sachsen exs. 539. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Goa, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gonatozygon pilosum Wolle, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 5: 27. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: HYDRODICTYACEAE

 

Eremosphaera De Bary

 

Eremosphaera gigas (W. Archer) Fott, Chlorophyceae 6: 27. 1972.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

                                                            Pediastrum Meyen      

 

Pediastrum araneosum var. rugulosum (G.S. West) G.M. Sm., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 476. 1916.

Pediastrum boryanum var. rugulosum G.S. West, J. Linn Soc., Bot.38: 132. 1907.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pediastrum boryanum (Turpin) Menegh., Linnaea 14: 210. 1840.

Hierella boryana Turpin, Mém. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.16: 319. 1828.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysore, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pediastrum duplex F.I.F. Meyen, Nova Acta Phys.- Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.- Carol. Nat. Curr. 14(2): 772. 1829.

 

var. duplex

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. clathratum (A. Braun) Lagerh., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk. - Akad. Förh. 39(2): 56.1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Odisha, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. coronatum Racib., Pamiétn. Akad. Umiejetn.Krakowie, Wydz. Mat.- Przyr. 20: 24.1889.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Manipur, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. gracillimum West & G.S. West, Trans. Linn. Soc., London Bot. 5: 52. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Odisha, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. reticulatum Lagerh., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk. - Akad. Förh. 39(2): 56. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Odisha, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pediastrum muticum Kütz., Sp. Alg.193. 1849.

 

var. muticum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. longicorne Racib., Pamiétn. Akad. Umiejetn. Krakowie, Wydz. Mat. – Przyr. 20: 12.

1889.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pediastrum simplex var. duodenarium (Bailey) Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.3: 72. 1868.

Monoactinus duodenarius Bailey, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 7(3): 14. 1855.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pediastrum tetras (Ehrenb.) Ralfs, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 14: 469. 1844.

Micrasterias tetras Ehrenb., Infusionsthierchen 155. 1838.

 

var. tetras

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. excisum (Rabenh.) Hansg., Prodr. Algenfl. Böhmen 112. 1886.

Pediastrum ehrenbergii var. excisum Rabenh., Fl. Eur. Alg.78. 1868.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. tetraodon (Corda) Hansg., Prodr. Algenfl. Böhmen 112. 1886.

Euastrum tetraodon Corda, Alm. Carlsbad. 238. 1839.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tetraedron Kütz.

 

Tetraedron bifurcatum f. submammillata (West & G.S. West) Philipose, Chlorococcales 149. 1967.

Tetraedron bifurcatum f. mammillata West & G.S. West, Ann. Roy Bot. Gard. Calcutta 6: 231. 1907.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Kerala.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tetraedron caudatum (Corda) Hansg., Hedwigia 27(5-6): 131. 1888.

Astericium caudatum Corda, Alm. Carlsbad . 56. 1839.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tetraedron gracile (Reinsch) Hansg., Hedwigia 28(1): 19. 1889.

Polyedriumgracile Reinsch, Notarisia 3(11): 502. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tetraedron pusillum (G.C. Wall.) West & G.S. West, J. Bot. 35: 237. 1897.

Micrasterias pusilla G.C. Wall., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 5: 281. 1860.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Assam, Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tetraedron regulare (Nägeli) Kutz., Phycol. gereral. 129. 1845.

Polyedriumtetraedricum Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.84. 1849.

 

var. regulare

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Delhi, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. torsum (W.B. Turner) Brunnth., Pascher Süsswasserflora 5: 150. 1915.

Polyedrium tetraedricum f. torsum W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. - Akad. Handl. 25(5): 158. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tetraedron trigonum (Nägeli) Hansg., Hedwigia 27(5-6): 130. 1888.

Polyedrium trigonum Nägeli, Gatt. einzell. Alg.84. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: MESOTAENIACEAE

 

Cylindrocystis Menegh. ex De Bary

 

Cylindrocystis brebissonii Menegh., Monogr. nostoch. ital. 89. 1842.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cylindrocystis crassa de Bary, Unters. conjugaten 37. 1858.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cylindrocystis ovalis W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. 25(5): 16. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Netrium (Nägeli) Itzigs. & Rothe

 

Netrium digitus (Ehrenb.) Itzigs. & Rothe, Alg.Sachsen exs. 508. 1856.

Closterium digitus Ehrenb.,Organ. Infusionsthierchen 68. 1832.      

 

var. digitus

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. lamellosum (Bréb.) Grönblad, Acta Soc. Fanna Fl. Fenn. 47: 13. 1920. Closterium lamellosum Bréb., Alg.falaise. 70. 1835.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Goa, Jharkhand, Kerala, Maharashtra

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family:MOUGEOTIACEAE

 

Mougeotia C.Agardh

 

Mougeotia bangalorensis M.O.P. Iyengar, Rev. Algol. 6: 266. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mougeotia banneergattense M.O.P. Iyengar, Rev. Algol. 6: 265. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mougeotia jogensis M.O.P. Iyengar, Rev. Algol. 6: 268. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mougeotia trapaeziformis M.O.P. Iyengar, Rev. Algol. 6: 266. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Zygogonium Kütz.

 

Zygogonium ericetorum Kütz., Phycol. general. 446. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Zygogonium talguppense M.O.P. Iyengar, Rev. Algol. 6: 263. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Family: OEDOGONIACEAE

 

Bulbochaete C.Agardh

 

Bulbochaete affinis f. longa Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Univ. Bombay 25: 11. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), West Bengal; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete alabamensis var. belgaumense Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Univ. Bombay 25: 5. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete angulosa f. picta Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 337. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete basispora Wittr. & Lund., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 50. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete crassiuscula Nordst., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 34: 30. 1877.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Mysuru)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete denticulata Wittr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 54. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete diamesandria Nordst. & Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 323. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete elatior E.G. Pringsh., Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 1: 73. 1858.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete gigantea E.G. Pringsh., Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 1: 71. 1858.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete insignis E.G. Pringsh., Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 1: 73. 1858.

 

f. insignis

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. robusta Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Univ. Bombay 25: 12. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete macrandria S.H. Ley, Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 3: 106. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete minor A Braun, Sp. Alg.422. 1849.

Distribution: Freswater – Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete minuta West & G.S. West, Trans. Linn. Soc. London,Bot. 6: 126. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete mirabilis Wittr., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 27: 137. 1870.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete monile var. crassa Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Univ. Bombay 25: 2. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Uttar Pradesh; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete nigerica Gauth.-Liévre, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Noire. 45: 105. 1954.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete nordstedtii Wittr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 44. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete praereticulata var. globosa Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Univ. Bombay 25: 7. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), West Bengal; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete punctulata f. indica Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Univ. Bombay 25: 6. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete pygmaea E.G. Pringsh., Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 1: 74. 1858.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete rectangularis Wittr., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 27: 142. 1870.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete sessilis var. punctata Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Univ. Bombay 25: 4. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete valida f. punctata Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Univ. Bombay 25: 8. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Bulbochaete varians var. subsimplex (Wittr.) Hirn., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 357. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedocladium E.Stahl

 

Oedocladium operculatum L.H. Tiffany, Brittonia 2: 165. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Oedogonium Link ex Hirn

 

Oedogonium abbreviatum (Hirn) L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 325. 1934.

Oedogonium pringsheimii var. abbreviatum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 173. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium alternans Wittr. & Lund., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 20. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium ambiceps (C.C. Jao) L.H. Tiffany, North Amer. Fl. 11: 79. 1937. Oedogonium platygynum var. ambiceps C.C. Jao, Rhodora 36: 208. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium amplum Magh. & N. Wille, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 8: 40. 1884.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium arcyosporum Nordst. & Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 104. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium areolatum var. elongatum Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 717. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium armigerum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 203. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium aster Wittr., Bot. Not. 1872: 4. 1872.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium bharatense Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 719. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium brevicingulatum var. robustum Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 716. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium calvum Wittr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 37. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Assam, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium cardiacum var. carbonicum Wittr., Alg.aquae dulc. exs. 504. 1883.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium carolinianum L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 324. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium concatenatum (Hassall) Wittr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 25. 1874.

Vesiculifera concatenata Hassall, Hist. Brit.freshwater Alg.201. 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium confertum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 272. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium costatosporum C.C. Jao, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 19: 88. 1934.

 

var. costatosporum

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. longisporum Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 718. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium crassum (Hassall) Wittr., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 1: 20. 1872.

Vesiculifera crassa Hassall, Ann. Mag. Nat.Hist. 10: 389. 1842.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium crispum (Hassall) Wittr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 10. 1874. Vesiculifera vernalis Hassall, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11: 434. 1843.

 

var. crispum

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi, Uttara Kannada), Himachal Pradesh, Punjab.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. gracilescens Wittr., Alg.aquae dulc. exs. 509. 1883.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. hawaiense Nordst., Minerva Peruana 7: 20. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. uruguayense Mag. & N. Wille, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 8: 39.1884.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andaman Gujarat, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium cyathigerum Wittr.,Öfvers Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 27: 131. 1870.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium decipiens Wittr.,Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 27: 126. 1870.

 

var. decipiens

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. bernardense (F. Bates) Hirn, Acta. Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 268. 1900.

Oedogonium bernardense F. Bates, Fl. Leicest. 313. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. dissimile (Hirn) L.H. Tiffany, North Amer. Fl. 11: 68. 1937.

Oedogonium decipiens f. dissimile Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 267. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium dictyosporum Wittr., Nova. Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 13. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium diversum (Hirn) L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 324. 1934.

Oedogonium capilliforme var. australe f. diversum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 110. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium elegans var. americannum C.C. Jao, Rhodora 36: 204. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium eminens (Hirn) L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 326. 1934.

Oedogonium monile var. eminens Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 231. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater

 

Oedogonium epiphyticum Transeau & L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 325. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium excavatum var. minus Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 718. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium exmonile L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 326. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium exospirale L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 24: 184. 1924.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium fennicum (L.H. Tiffany) L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 324. 1934. Oedogonium intermedium var. fennicum L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 29: 74. 1929.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium flexuosum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 313. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium foveolatum Wittr., Bot. Not. 1878: 133. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium fragile Wittr., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 27: 120. 1870.

var. fragile

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. abyssinicum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 97. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium franklinianum Wittr., Alg.aquae dulc. exs. 309. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium glabrum Hallas, Bot. Tidsskr. 26: 408. 1905.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium globosum Nordst., Minneskr. Fys. Sällsk. Lund 7: 20. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium gracillimum Wittr. & Lund., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 15. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Punjab.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium hallasiae L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 325. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium hirnii Gutw., Rozpr. Spraw. Posiedzen Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn 33: 34. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

Oedogonium hispidum Nordst.,Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad Förh. 27: 128. 1870.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium illinoisense var. indicum Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 721. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium implexum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 283. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium inclusum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 11. 21. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium inconspicuum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 11: 23. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium indicum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 269. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Gujarat, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium kirchneri var. maius Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 120. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium kurzii G. Zeller, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 42: 189. 1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Uttarakhand,

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium laetevirens var. amplum Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 722. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium lageniforme Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 291. 1900.

 

var. lageniforme

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Kerala, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. ellipsoideum (C.C. Jao) Morziñska, Süsswasserflora 14: 134. 1985.

Oedogonium ellipsoideum C.C. Jao, Sin. Contr. 8: 305. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium landsboroughi (Hassall) Wittr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 35. 1874.

Vesiculifera landsboroughi Hassall, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10: 389. 1842.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium leiopleurum Nordst. & Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 126. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium majus (Hansg.) L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 324. 1934.

Oedogonium grande var. majus Hansg., Arch. NaturschutzLandschaftsf. 5: 45. 1886.       

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium martinicense Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 134. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium mitratum Hirn, Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 11: 22. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium monile Berk. & Harv., Hooker's, J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 2: 342. 1860.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium mysorense Gonzalves, Oedogoniales 219. 1981.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium nobile Wittr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 14. 1874.

 

var. nobile

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. minus Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 190. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium obesum (Wittr.) Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 166. 1900.

Oedogonium pyrulum var. obesum Wittr., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 33: 44. 1876.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium oblongellum O. Kirchn. ex Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 182. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra, Punjab.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium oboviforme Wittr., Bot. Not. 1878: 140. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium obtruncatum Wittr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 41. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra, Pondycherry.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium oelandicum Wittr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 17. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium paludosum (Hassall) Wittr., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 27: 124. 1870.Vesiculifera paludosa Hassall, Hist. Brit. freshwater Alg.199. 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium patulum L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 324. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium paucostriatum L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 325. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium perspicuum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 273. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium pithophorae Wittr., Bot. Not. 1878: 141. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium pratense Transeau, Amer. J. Bot. 1: 297. 1914.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Jharkhand, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium pringsheimii C.E. Cramer, Hedwigia 2: 17. 1859.

 

var. pringsheimii

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. nordstedtii Wittr., Alg.aquae dulc. exs. 8. 1877.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium pseudacrosporum Wittr. ex Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 193. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium pseudoboscii Hirn, Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 11: 21. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium pseudospirale Nygaard, Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 20: 136. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium punctatostriatum de Bary, Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. 1: 47. 1854.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium pusillum O. Kirchn., Cohn Krypt.-Fl. Schlesien 2: 59. 1878.

 

var. pusillum

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. minus Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 723. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium pyrulum Wittr., Bot. Not. 1872: 2. 1872.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium richterianum Lemmerm., Forschungsber. Biol. Stat. Plön 3: 26. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium rugulosum Nordst.,Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 34: 28. 1877.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium rupestre Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 168. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium santurcense L.H. Tiffany, Brittonia 2: 168. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium selandiae Hallas, Bot. Tidsskr. 26: 496. 1905.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium senegalense (Nordst.) L.H. Tiffany, Ohio J. Sci. 34: 326. 1934.

Oedogonium longicolle var. senegalense Nordst., Acta Univ. Lund. 16: 13. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium sexangulare A. Cleve, Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 27: 131. 1870.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium simplex Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 158. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium spinosum Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 718. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium spirale Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 201. 1900.

 

var. spirale

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. majus Rama N. Singh, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 8B: 380. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Uttar Pradesh; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium stellatum Wittr.,Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 27: 129. 1870.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium subareolatum L.H. Tiffany, Brittonia 2: 168. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andaman & Nicobar, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium subrectum Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 141. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium suecicum Wittr., Bot. Not. 1872: 5. 1872.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium tapeinosporum Wittr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 36. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium undulatum (Bréb.) Al-Braun, Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. 1: 94. 1854. Conferva undulata Bréb., Kütz., Sp. Alg.375. 1849.

 

f. undulatum

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Manipur, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. senegalense (Nordst.) Hirn, Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 27: 261. 1900.

Oedogonium undulatum var. senegalense Nordst., Acta Univ. Lund 16: 13. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium varians Wittr & Lund., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 9: 11. 1874.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium vaucherii (L.L. Clerc) Alglin, Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1855: 40. 1855.

Prolifera vaucherii L.L. Clerc, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. 3: 474. 1817.

 

var. vaucherii

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. parvum Gonzalves & Sonnad, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 58: 716. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Haveri), Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium virceburgense Hirn,Öfvers. Finska Vetensk. Soc. Förh. 38. 8. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium welwitschii W. West & G.S. West, J. Bot. 35: 5. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium wolleanum Wittr., Bot. Not. 1878: 137. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Assam, Jharkhand, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oedogonium wyliei L.H. Tiffany, Trans. Amer. Microscop. Soc. 45: 90. 1926.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi, Uttara Kannada), Gujarat, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: OOCYSTACEAE

 

Chlorella M. Beijerinck

 

Chlorella vulgaris Beij., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 48: 758. 1890.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, New Delhi, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nephrocytium Nägeli

Nephrocytium lunatum West, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. London 12: 736. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oocystis Nägeli ex A.Braun

 

Oocystis borgei J. Snow, U.S. Fish. Commiss. Bull. 22: 379. 1903.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Delhi, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Oocystis ecballocystiformis M.O.P. Iyengar, Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 46(1-2): 224. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: PALMELLACEAE

 

Sphaerocystis Chodat

 

Sphaerocystis schroeteri Chodat, Bull. Herb. Boissier 5: 292. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gloeocystis Nägeli

 

Gloeocystis vesiculosa Nägeli, Gatt. Einzell. Alg.66. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: SCENEDESMACEAE

 

Crucigenia Morren

 

Crucigenia apiculata (Lemmerm.) Schmidle,Allg. Bot. Z. Syst.6: 234. 1900.

Staurogenia apiculata Lemmerm., Bot. Zentralbl. 76: 151. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Odisha, Uttarakhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Crucigenia crucifera (Wolle) Collins, Tufts Coll. Stud., Sci. Ser. 2(3): 170. 1909. Staurogenia crucifera Wolle, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6:140. 1877.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Crucigenia quadrata Morren, Ann. Sci. Nat. (Oporto) 20: 415. 1830.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Desmodesmus (R.Chodat) S.S.An & al.

 

Desmodesmus acutus C.C. Jao & al., Acta Hydrobiol. Sin. 6: 15. 1976.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Meghalaya.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus Meyen

 

Scenedesmus abundans (Kirchn.) Chodat, Matér. Levé Géobot. Suisse 4(2): 77. 1913. Scenedesmus caudatus f. abundans Kirchn., F. Cohn Kryptogamenfl. Schlesien 2(1): 98. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus acutiformis Schröd., Forschungsber Biol. Stat. Plön 5: 191. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus arcuatus (Lemmerm.) Lemmerm., Forschungsber Biol. Stat. Plön 7: 112. 1899.

Scenedesmus bijugatus var. arcuatus Lemmerm., Bot. Zentralbl. 76: 159. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Delhi, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus armatus (Chodat) G.M. Sm., Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 18 (2): 460. 1916. Scenedesmus hystrix var. armatus Chodat, Matér. Levé Géobot. Suisse 1 (3): 215. 1902.

 

var. armatus

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, New Delhi, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. boglariensis Hortob., Magyar Biol. Kutatóint Munkái 15: 108. 1943.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus bijugatus Kütz., Syn. Diatom. 607. 1833.

 

var. bijugatus

f. parvus (G.M. Sm.) Philipose, Chlorococcales 256. 1967.

Scenedesmus bijuga var. alternans f. parvus G.M. Sm., Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 18 (2): 448. 1916.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh,West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. alternans (Reinsch) Hansg., Prodr. Algenfl. Böhmen 114. 1886.

Scenedesmus alternans Reinsch, Abh. Senckenberg Naturf. Ges.6: 135. 1866.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. bicellularis (Chodat) Philipose, Chlorococcales 253. 1967.

Scenedesmus bicellularis Chodat, Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 3 (3-4): 173. 1926.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. flexuosus Lemmerm., Forschungsber. Biol. Stat. Plön 6: 191. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus denticulatus var. lunatus W. West & G.S. West, Trans. Linn. Soc. , London Bot.5: 82. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus dimorphus (Turpin) Kütz., Linnaea 8: 608. 1833.

Achnanthes dimorpha Turpin, Dict. sci. nat. pl. bot. 309. 1820.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus hystrix Lagerh., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 39 (2): 62. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus obliquus (Turpin) Kütz., Linnaea 8: 609. 1833.

Achnanthes obliqua Turpin, Dict. Sci. Nat. Pl. Bot. 307. 1820.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus perforatus Lemmerm., Forschungsber Biol. Stat. Plön 10: 104. 1903.

 

var. perforatus

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Orissa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. major (W.B. Turner) Philipose, Chlorococcales 282. 1967.

Scenedesmus quadricauda f. major W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 25 (5): 161. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus platydiscus (G.M. Sm.) Chodat, Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 3(3-4): 175. 1926. Scenedesmus arcuatus var. platydisca G.M. Sm., Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 18(2): 451. 1916.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Odisha, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Scenedesmus quadricauda (Turpin) Bréb., Mém. Soc. Imp. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 4: 66. 1856.

Achnanthes quadricauda Turpin, Dic. Sci. Nat. Pl. Bot. 196. 1820.

 

var. quadricauda

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. quadrispina (Chodat) G.M. Sm., Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 18(2): 479. 1916.

Scenedesmus quadrispina Chodat, Matér. Levé Géobot. Suisse 4 (2): 58. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. westii G.M. Sm., Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 18 (2): 480. 1916.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, New Delhi, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tetrallantos Teiling

 

Tetrallantos lagerheimii Teiling, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 10: 62. 1916.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab,  Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: SELENASTRACEAE

 

Ankistrodesmus Corda

 

Ankistrodesmus bibraianus (Reinsch) Korshikov, Vizna Pris. 85. 1953.

Selenastrum gracile Reinsch, Algenfl. mittl. Franken 65. 1867.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Ankistrodesmus falcatus (Corda) Ralfs, Brit. desmid. 180. 1848.

Micrasterias falcata Corda, Alm. Carlsbad. 206. 1835.

 

var. falcatus

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. radiatus (Chodat) Lemmerm., Arch. Hydrobiol. Planktonk 4: 175. 1908.

Raphidium polymorphum var. radiatum Chodat, Matér. Levé Géobot. Suisse 1 (3): 198. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir, Orissa.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Ankistrodesmus gracilis (Reinsch) Korshikov, Vizna. pris. 85. 1953.

Selenastrum bibraianum Reinsch, Algenfl. mittl. Franken64. 1867.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Kodagu), Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Ankistrodesmus spiralis (W.B. Turner) Lemmerm., Arch. Hydrobiol. Planktonk 4: 176. 1908.

Raphidium spirale W.B. Turner, Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 25 (5): 156. 1892.

 

var. spiralis

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. fasciculatus G.M. Sm., Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 20: 336. 1922.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Kirchneriella Schmidle

 

Kirchneriella lunaris (Kirchn.) Moebius, Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. 18: 331. 1894. Raphidium convolutum var. lunare Kirchn., Alg.Krypto. Sch. 2 (1). 114. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada, Raichur), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Kirchneriella obesa (W. West) Schmidle, Ber. Naturf. Ges. Freiburg 7: 16. 1893. Selenastrum obesum W. West, J. Roy .Microscop. Soc. London 12: 734. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Orissa, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family.: SPONDYLOMORACEAE

 

Pyrobotrys Arnoldi

 

Pyrobotrys stellata (Korshikov) Korshikov, Volvoc. Vizna. Prisno. Vodor. 4: 157. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Family: TRENTEPOHLIACEAE

 

Cephaleuros Kunze

 

Cephaleuros parasiticus G. Karst., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 10: 32. 1891.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Parasitic.

 

Family: ULVACEAE

 

Enteromorpha Link

 

Enteromorpha clathrata (Roth) Grev., Alg.Brit. 181. 1830.

Conferva clathrata Roth,Catal. bot. 3: 175. 1806.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Goa, Gujarat, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Enteromorpha flexuosa (Wulfen) J. Agardh, Till Alg.syst. 126. 1883.

Ulva flexuosa Wulfen, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 3: 1. 1803.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Nees, Horae phys. berol. 2: 40. 1820.

Ulva intestinalis L., Sp. Pl. 1163. 1753.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Maharashtra, Odisha, Pondycherry, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

 

Ulva L.

 

Ulva fasciata Delile, Descr. Egypte, Hist. nat. 297. 1813.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

 

 

Pithophora Wittr.

 

Pithophora oedogonia (Mont.) Wittr., Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 33(6): 55. 1877. Conferva oedogonia Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 10: 56. 1850.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Andaman & Nicobar, Bihar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Marine.

 

                                                     Family: VALONIACEAE      

 

Ernodesmis Børgesen

 

Ernodesmis verticillata (Kütz.) Børgesen, Bot. Tidsskr. 32: 259. 1912.

Valonia verticillata Kütz., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 5: 165. 1847.

Distribution: Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: VAUCHERIACEAE

 

Vaucheria DC.

 

Vaucheria madhuensis R.J. Patel, Geophytology 10: 275. 1980.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Family: VOLVOCACEAE

 

Pandorina Bory de Saint-Vincent

 

Pandorina morum (O.F. Müll.) Bory, Encycl. Meth. 600. 1824.

Volvox morum O.F. Müll., Verm. terresInfus. 68. 1773.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eudorina Ehrenb.

 

Eudorina elegans Ehrenb., Ber. Königl.Bot. Gart. Bot. Mus.,Berlin 1831: 78. 1833.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Delhi, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eudorina indica M.O.P.Iyengar, J. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 49: 339. 1933.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater

 

Volvox L.

 

Volvox africanus f. minor M.O.P.Iyengar, J. Linn. Soc.London, Bot. 49: 371. 1933.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Volvox globator L. em. Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1831: 77. 1832.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: ZYGNEMACEAE

 

Debarya (Wittr.) Transeau

 

Debarya jogensis M.O.P. Iyengar, Rev. Algol. 6: 269. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Spirogyra Link

 

Spirogyra jogensis M.O.P. Iyengar, J. Indian Bot. Soc.37(3): 387. 1958.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jharkhand; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Zygnemopsis (Skuja) Transeau

 

Zygnemopsis hesaragattense M.O.P. Iyengar, Rev. Algol. 6: 259. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Zygnemopsis jogensis M.O.P. Iyengar, Rev. Algol. 6: 256. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Jammu & Kashmir; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Zygnemopsis mysorensis M.O.P. Iyengar, Rev. Algol. 6: 257. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Zygnemopsis saravatiensis M.O.P. Iyengar, Rev. Algol. 6: 258. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Class: BACILLARIOPHYCEAE

 

Family: Achnanthaceae

 

Achnanthes Bory

 

Achnanthes affinis Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet. -Akad. Handl. 17(2): 20. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater, terrestrial*.

 

Achnanthes biasolettiana Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet.- Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 22.1880.

 

f. biasolettiana

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. minuta Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet. -Akad. Handl. 27 (3). 189. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes boyei Østrup, Bot. Iceland 2: 41.1918.

Distribution: Karnataka().

Habitat: Terrestrial*.

 

Achnanthes brevipes C. Agardh, Syst. Alg.: 1. 1824.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Achnanthes citronella (A. Mann) Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. suppl. 15: 197. 1937.

Cocconeis citronella A. Mann, U.S. Natl. Mus. Bull., 100, 6: 61. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

                                                                                                            

Achnanthes compacta A. Mann, U.S. Natl. Mus. Bull. 100, 6: 10. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Achnanthes crenulata Grunow, Kongal.  Svenska Vet. -Akad. Handl. 17(2): 20.1880.

 

var. crenulata

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. elliptica H.P. Gandhi, J. Roy. Micr. Soc.  79 (1): 86. 1960.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. linearis H.P. Gandhi, J. Roy. Micr. Soc. 79 (1): 85. 1960.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada); Endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes elata (Leud.-Fort.) H.P. Gandhi, J. Roy. Micr. Soc., Ser. 3, 79 (1): 82. 1960. Navicula elata Leud. - Fort., Cat. Diat. Ceylon 27. 1879.

 

var. elata

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. curvula H.P. Gandhi, J. Roy. Micr. Soc. Ser.  79 (1): 84. 1960.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes exigua Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belgique 27. 1880.

 

var. exigua

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Udupi), Maharashtra, West Bengal, Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. heterovalvata Krasske, Bot. Arch. 3. 193. 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes exilis Kütz., Linnaea 8(5) : 577. 1833.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes fasciata H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 757. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes hungarica (Grunow) Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 20. 1880.

Achnanthidium hungaricum Grunow, Verh. K.K. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 146. 1863.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes hyperborea (Grunow) Grunow, Denkschr. Kongal. Akad. Wiss. [Wien], Math. - Nat. Cl. 48: 102. 1884.

Achnanthes taeniata var. hyperborea Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet. -Acad. Handl. 17(2): 22. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Achnanthes inflata (Kütz). Grunow, Alg.Novara 7. 1868.

Stauroneis inflata Kütz., Bacillarien 105. 1844.

 

var. inflata

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu .

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. gibba H.P. Gandhi, J. Roy. Micr. Soc.  79 (1): 81. 1960.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. javanica H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 95. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 96. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes lanceolata (Bréb. ex. Kütz.). Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belgique 27. 1880. Achnanthidium lanceolatum Bréb. ex Kütz.,Bot. Zeitung 4 : 247. 1846.

 

var. lanceolata

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. capitata O.F. Müll., Bot. Jahrb. 43: 8. 1909.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. dubia Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belgique 17. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. elegans Cleve-Euler, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 3, 11 (2): 59. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. laterirostrata H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 99. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. rhomboidea H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 100. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. rostrata Schulz, Bot. Arch. Königsb. 13: 192. 1926.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes linearis Grunow, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 17 (2): 23. 1880.

 

var. linearis

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. pusilla (Grunow) Cleve, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 27 (3): 189. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes microcephala (Kütz.) Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 22. 1880.

Achnanthidium microcephalum Kütz., Bacillarien 75. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

                           

Achnanthes minutissima Kütz., Alg.Aq. Dulc. Germ. 8: 4. 1834.

 

var. minutissima

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Tamil Nadu, Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. cryptocephala Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belgique: pl. 27, fig. 41-44. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. genuina Cleve-Euler, Diat. Schw. Finn., ser. 4, 4 (5): 76. 1953.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes submontana H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 758. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Achnanthes trigibba Hust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 31: 759. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Amphipleuraceae

 

Frustulia Rabenh.

 

Frustulia jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 765. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Frustulia rhombiodes (Ehrenb.) De Toni, Syll. Alg.2: 277. 1891.

Navicula rhomboides Ehrenb., Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 419. 1841.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bidar) .

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Frustulia saxonica Rabenh. Süssw. - Diat. 50. 1853.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Frustulia saxonica var. typica Cleve-Euler, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 3 (3): 8. 1952.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Frustulia vulgaris (Thwaites) De Toni, Syll. Alg.2: 280. 1891.

Schizonema vulgare Thwaites, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 2, 1 (3): 170. 1848.

 

var. vulgaris

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. capitata Krasske, Bot. Arch. 3: 196. 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. subcapitata H.P. Gandhi, Hydrobiologia 14 (2): 103. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Anomoeoneidaceae

 

Anomoeoneis Pfitz.

 

Anomoeoneis brachysira var. lanceolata Cleve-Euler, Diat. Schw. Finn., ser. 4, 4 (5): 82. 1953.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anomoeoneis exilis (Kütz.) Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl.  27 (3): 8. 1895. Navicula exilis Kütz., Bacillarien 95. 1844.

 

f. exilis

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. lanceolata (Mayer) Hust., Krypt. – Fl. 7 (2): 752. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

                        

Anomoeoneis sculpta (Ehrenb). Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 27 (3): 6. 1895. Navicula sculpta Ehrenb., Atlas Diat. 16. 1854.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anomoeoneis serians (Bréb.) Cleve, K. Svenska Vet. –Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 27 (3): 7. 1895.

Frustulia serians Bréb., Consid. Diat.: 18. 1838.

 

var. serians

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru).

Habitat: Marine.

 

var. brachysira (Bréb.) Hust., Pascher Süssw. –Fl. 10, 2: 164. 1930.

Navicula aponina var. brachysira Kütz., Sp. Alg.69. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. modesta Cleve-Euler, Soc. Sci. Fenn., Comment. Biol. 4 (14): 70. 1875.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anomoeoneis sphaerophora E. Pfitzer, Bot. Abh. (Bonn.) 1 (2): 77. 1871.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Anomoeoneis styriaca (Grunow) Hust., Pascher Süssw. –Fl. 10, 2: 265. 1930.

Navicula styriaca Grun., Syn. Diat. Belg. Pl. 17: 7, 8. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

Family: AULACODISCACEAE

 

Aulacodiscus Ehrenb.

 

Aulacodiscus orientalis Grev., Trans. Micr. Soc. London, ser. 2, 12: 12. 1864.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

 

Family: Bacillariaceae

 

Bacillaria J.F. Gmelin

 

Bacillaria paradoxa J.F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 1:390. 1791.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Tamil Nadu, Arabian Sea, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

            

Nitzschia Hassall

 

Nitzschia accommodata Hust., Explor. Parc. Natl. Albert, Mission H. Damas 8: 139. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Nitzschia acicularis (Kütz.) W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. I: 43. 1853.

Synedra acicularis Kütz., Bacillarien: 63. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia acuta Cleve, Bih. K. Svenska Vet. Akad. Handl. 5 (8): 13. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia adapta Hust., Explor. Parc. Natl. Albert, Mission H. Damas 8: 135. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Nitzschia amphibia Grunow, Verh. K. Zool. - Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 574. 1862.

 

var. amphibia

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada, Shivamogga), Gujarat, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Odisha, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. acutiuscula Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 98. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Gandhi 1966), Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. genuina A. Mayer, Krypt. Forsch. 1: 210. 1919.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia amphioxoides Hust., Explor. Parc. Natl. Albert, Mission H. Damas 8: 140. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Nitzschia confinis Hust., Explor. Proc. Natl. Albert, Mission H. Dams 8: 145. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Nitzschia deserta Hust., Explor. Parc. Natl. Albert, Mission H. Dams 8: 139. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka (Raichur)

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Nitzschia dubia W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 41. 1853.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Nitzschia filiformis (W. Sm.) Hust., Explor. Proc. Natl. Albert, Mission H. Damas 8: 141. 1949.

Homoeocladia filiformis W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 80. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia frigida Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 94. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (coastal areas).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Nitzschia frustulum (Kütz.) Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 98. 1880. Synedra frustulum Kütz., Bacillarien 63. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia gracilis Hantzsch, Alg.Sachs.  946. 1860.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada, Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia graciloides H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 785. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

                           

Nitzschia ignorata Krasske, Bot. Arch. 27: 355. 1929.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia intermedia Hantzsch ex Cleve & Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 95. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Tripura.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia jugata H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 35 (4): 330. 1955.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Rajasthan..

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia levidensis (W. Sm.) Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. 107. 1881.

Tryblionella levidensis W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 89. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia linearis W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. I: 39. 1853.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru), West Bengal, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia longissima (Bréb.) Grunow, Verh. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 581. 1862. Ceratoneis longissima Bréb. ex Kütz., Sp. Alg.: 891. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Arabian Sea, Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Nitzschia lorenziana var. subtilis Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 102. 1890.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia microcephala Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handle. 17 (2): 96. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia obtusa W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 39. 1953.

 

var. obtusa

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Odisha, Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Brackish water.

 

var. scalpelliformis Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. 117. 1881.

 

f. scalpelliformis

Distribution: Freshwater – Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. parva Hust., Atlas pl. 336: 25. 1921.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia palea (Kütz.) W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 2: 89. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Gujarat, Odisha, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and terrestrial*

 

Nitzschia perminuta (Grunow) Perag., La Cat. Gén. des Diat. 2: 435. 1845.

Nitzschia frustula var. perminuta Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. pl. 68: 31. 1881.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia pseudofonticola Hust., Abh. Naturw. Ver. Bremen 32. 209. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia pseudogracilis H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Sci. 38 (3): 326. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia pungens Grunow, Diat. 6: 307. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Nitzschia recta Hantzsch ex Rabenh., Alg.Eur. 1283. 1862.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Tumakuru), Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia sigmoidea (Nitzsch) W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 38. 1853.

Bacillaria sigmoidea Nitzsch, Neue Schr. Naturf. Ges. Halle 3: 104. 1816.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Udupi), Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Odisha, Bay of Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Nitzschia sociabilis Hust., Abh. Naturw. Ver. Bremen 34: 354. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia spectabilis (Ehrenb.) Ralfs, Hist. Inf. Ed. 4: 782. 1861.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Nitzschia spiculoides Hust., Explor. Parc. Natl. Albert, Mission H. Damas 8: 151. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia stagnorum Rabenh., Alg.Sachs (exsice) 625. 1857.

Distribution: Karnataka, Tripura, West Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Nitzschia subacicularis Hust., Atlas pl. 348: 76. 1922.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia subcommunis Hust., Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Mission H. Damas 8: 146. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Nitzschia sublinearis Hust., Atlas. Diat.  334. 1921.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia subrostrata Hust., Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 42: 137. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia subtilis (Kütz.) Grunow, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 17 (2): 95. 1880. Synedra subtilis (Kütz.) Kütz., Bacillarien: 64. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia tarda Hust., Explor. Parc. Natl. Albert, Mission H. Damas 8: 138. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Nitzschia taylorii Alakananda, P.B.Hamilton & Karthick, Phytotaxa 54: 15. 2012.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bengaluru), endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia thermalis var. minor Hilse, Abh. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult., Abt. Naturw.  Med. 1862 (2): 67. 1863.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

Nitzschia tryblionella var. victoriae (Grunow) Grunow, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 17 (2): 69. 1880.

Tryblionella victoriae Grunow, Verh. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 553. 1862.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

                                                                                   

Nitzschia umbilicata Hust., Eplorx. Parc. Natl. Albert. Mission H. Damas 8: 129. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Nitzschia vivax W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 41. 1853.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Nitzschia williamsii Alakananda, P.B.Hamilton & Karthick, Phytotaxa 54: 19. 2012.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bengaluru), endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Nitzschia woltereckii Hust., Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 42: 139. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Hantzschia Grunow

 

Hantzschia amphioxys (Ehrenb.) Grunow, Month. Micr. J. 18: 174. 1877.

Eunotia amphioxys Ehrenb., Ber. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841. 204. 1841.

 

var. amphioxys

f. amphioxys

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), West Bengal, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

f. capitata O.F. Müll., Bot. Jahrb. 43: 34. 1909.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. densestriata Lauby, Bull. Serv. Carte Géol. France 20: 215. 1910.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

var. mugadensis H.P. Gandhi, Ceylon J. Sci. (Biol. Sci.) 2 (1): 108. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.          

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Hantzschia distinctepunctata Hust., Atlas pl. 329: 21. 1921.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Hantzschia dubravicensis Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. pl. 107: 7. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Hantzschia elongata (Hantzsch) Grounow, Month. Micr. J. 18: 174. 1877.

Nitzschia vivax var. elongata Hantzsha, Hedwigia 2 (6): 35. 1860.

Distribution: Karnataka, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Hantzschia linearis var. capitata H.P. Gandhi, Ceylon J. Sci. (Biol. Sci.). 2 (1): 109. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Hantzschia recta H.P. Gandhi, Ceylon J. Sci. (Biol. Sci.). 2 (1): 111. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

                                                                                                                

Hantzschia virgata (Roper) Grunow, Month. Micr. J. 18: 1874. 1877.

Nitzschia virgata Roper, Quart. J. Micr. Sci. 6: 23. 1858.

 

var. virgata

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. rostrata H.P. Gandhi, Ceylon J. Sci. (Biol. Sci.). 2 (1): 110. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Hantzschia voigtii H.P. Gandhi, Ceylon J. Sci. (Biol. Sci.). 2 (1): 110. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

                      \

Cylindrotheca Rabenh.

 

Cylindrotheca closterium (Ehrenb.) Reimann & Lewin, J. Roy. Micr. Soc., ser. 3, 83: 289. 1964.

Ceratoneis closterium Ehrenb., Ber Königal. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1839: 257. 1839.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Cylindrotheca gracilis (Bréb.) Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. Expl. Pl. 80: 2. 1882.

Ceratoneis gracilis Bréb. ex Kütz., Sp. Alg.89. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Biddulphiaceae

 

Biddulphia S.F. Gray

 

Biddulphia aurita (Lyngb.) Bréb., Consid. Diat.: 12. 1838.

Diatoma auritum Lyngbye, Tent. 182. 1819.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Biddulphia longicruris Grev., Quart. J. Microscop. Sci. 7: 163. 1859.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), West Bengal, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Biddulphia mobiliensis (Bailey) Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. 101. 1882.

Zygoceros mobiliensis Bailey, Smithson. Contrib. Knowl. 2 (8): 40. 1851.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast, Dakshina Kannada), Odisha, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, Kerala.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Biddulphia pulchella S.F. Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. 1: 294. 1821.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Arabian Sea, Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Biddulphia rhombus (Ehrenb.) W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. II: 49. 1856.

Zygoceros rhombus Ehrenb., Ber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1839: 156. 1839.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Biddulphia sinensis Grev., Trans. Micr. Soc. London, ser. 2, 14: 81. 1866.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast, Dakshina Kannada), Odisha, Arabian Sea, Kerala.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Family: Catenulaceae

 

Amphora Ehrenb. ex Kütz.

 

Amphora capensis A.W.F. Schmidt, Atlas: pl. 25, figs. 49, 50. 1875.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Amphora castellata Giffen, Hydrobiologia 21: 216. 1963.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Amphora coffaeformis (C. Agardh) Kütz., Bacillarien: 108. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Amphora costata W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. I: 20. 1853.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Amphora gibba A.W.F. Schmidt, Atlas, pl. 39: 32. 1876.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Amphora laevis Greg., Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 21: 514. 1857.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

                                                                                                                      

Amphora marina W. Sm., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 2, 19: 7. 1857.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Amphora ovalis (Kütz.) Küz., Bacillarien 107. 1844.

Frustulia ovalis Kütz., Linnaea 8(5): 539. 1833.

 

var. ovalis

f. ovalis

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Uttara Kannada, Tumakuru, Udupi), Meghalaya, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

 

f. gracilis (Her.) Hust., Pascher Süssw. –Fl. 10, 2: 342. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. affinis (Kütz.) Pero, Nuova Notarisia 4: 271. 1893.

Amphora affinis Kütz., Bacillarien: 107. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. pediculus (Kütz.) Pero, Nuova Notarisia 4: 271. 1893.

Cymbella pediculus Kütz., Bacillarien: 80. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Amphora veneta Kütz., Bacillarien 108. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

 

Family: Chaetocerotaceae

 

Chaetoceros Ehrenb.

 

Chaetoceros affinis Lauder, Trans. Micr. Soc., London 12: 78. 1864.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast, Dakshina Kannada), Odisha, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Chaetoceros bacteriastroides G.Karst., Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen

Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem Dampfer Valdivia: 390. 1907.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Chaetoceros brevis F.Schütt, Berichte der Deutsche Botanisch Gesellschaft 13: 38. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Chaetoceros coarctatus Lauder, Trans. Micr. Soc. London, ser. 2, 12: 79. 1864.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Tamil Nadu, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Chaetoceros compressus Lauder, Trans. Micr. Soc. London, ser. 2, 12: 78. 1864.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Odisha, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Chaetoceros costatus Pavill., Bull.  Soc.  Bot. France 58: 24. 1911.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Chaetoceros curvisetus Cleve, Bih. K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. 22 (5): 29. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Dakshina Kannada), Odisha, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Chaetoceros decipiens Cleve, Bih. K. Svenska Vet. –Akad. Handl. 1 (13): 11. 1873. 

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Odisha, Arabian Sea, Kerala.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Chaetoceros eibenii Grun., Syn. des Diat. Belg. Pl. 82: 9, 10. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Chaetoceros laciniosus F.Schütt, Berichte der Deutsche Botanisch Gesellschaft 13: 38. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Chaetoceros lorenzianus Grunow, Verh. K. Zool. - Bot. Ges. Wien. 13: 157. 1863.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast, Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada), Odisha, Arabian Sea, Kerala.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Chaetoceros mitra (Bailey) Cleve, Bih. K. Svenska Vet. –Akad. Handl. 22 (4): 8. 1896. Dicladia mitra Bailey, Amer. J. Sc. & Arts, ser. 2, 22: 4. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Chaetoceros paradoxus Cleve, Bih. K. Svenska Vet. –Akad. Handl. 1 (11): 10. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Chaetoceros simplex Ostenf., Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening 1901: 137. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Chaetoceros socialis Lauder, Trans. Micr. Soc. London, ser. 2, 12: 77. 1864.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Chaetoceros subtilis Cleve, Bih. K. Svenska Vet. –Akad. Handl. 22 (5): 30. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Chaetoceros tenuissimus Meunier, Microplankton de la mer Flamande: 49. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Chaetoceros wighami Brightw., Quart. J. Micr. Soc. 4: 108. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Bacteriastrum Shadbolt

 

Bacteriastrum furcatum Shadbolt, Trans. Micr. Soc. London, ser. 2, 2: 14. 1854.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Bacteriastrum hyalinum Lauder, Trans. Micr. Soc. London, ser. 2, 12: 8. 1864.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Bacterosira Gran

 

Bacterosira fragilis (Gran) Gran, Nyt Mag. Naturv. 38: 114. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Family: Cocconeidaceae

 

Cocconeis Ehrenb.

 

Cocconeis hustedtii Krasske, Bot. Arch. 3: 193. 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cocconeis littoralis R. Subrahm., Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. Sect. B., 24: 171. 1946.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Arabian Sea; endemic.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Cocconeis pediculus Ehrenb., Infusionsthierchen: 194. 1838.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Mizoram, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater, Brackish water.

 

Cocconeis placentula Ehrenb., Infusionsthierchen 194. 1838.

 

var. placentula

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Tumakuru), Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

var. euglypta (Ehrenb.) Cleve, Kongal Svenska Vet.- Akad. Handl. 27 (3): 170. 1895.

Cocconeis euglypta Ehrenb., Ber Königal. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1853: 266. 1853.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada, Tumakuru, Shivamogga), Rajasthan, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

var. lineata (Ehrenb.) Cleve, K. Sveska Vet. –Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 27 (3): 169. 1895.

Cocconeis lineata Ehrenb., Ber Königal. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1845: 305. 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cocconeis quarnerensis (Grunow) Grunow, Jahresber. Komm. Unt. Deutsch. Meere Kiel 2: 93. 1874.

Rhaphoneis quarnerensis Grunow, Verh. K. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 381. 1862.

Distribution: Karnataka

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Cocconeis scutellum Ehrenb., Ber Königal. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1835: 173. 1836.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Family: CORETHRACEAE

 

Corethron Castrac.

 

Corethron hystrix Hensen, Ber. Kommiss. Wiss. Untersuch. Deutsch. Meere Kiel 5: 89. 1887.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Odisha, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Family: COSCINODISCACEAE

 

Coscinodiscus Ehrenb.

 

Coscinodiscus asteromphalus Ehrenb., Ber Königal. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1844: 77. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Coscinodiscus concinnus W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 2: 85. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Coscinodiscus radiatus Ehrenb., Ber Königal. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1839: 155. 1839.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Dakshina Kannada), Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Kerala.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

 

Coscinodiscus rothii (Ehrenb.) Grunow, Naturw. Beitr. Kenntn. Kaukasusländer: 125. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Coscinodiscus subtilis Ehrenb., Ber Königal. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 412. 1841.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Family: Cymbellaceae

 

Cymbella C. Agardh

 

Cymbella affinis Kütz., Bacillarien 80. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Odisha, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella amphicephala Nägeli ex Kütz., Sp. Alg.890. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Nagaland.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella aspera (Ehrehb.) H. Peragallo, Diat. Hist. Nat. 237. 1889.

Cocconema asperum Ehrenb., Ber. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1839: 31. 1839.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada, Mysuru), Rajasthan, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine..

 

Cymbella austriaca var. subrhomboidea (Østr.) Cleve-Euler, K. Svenska Vet. –Akad. Handl., ser. 3, 11 (2): 105. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella bengalensis Grunow, Atlas pl. 9: 12, 13. 1875.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella cistula (Hemprich & Ehrenb.) Kirchn., Alg.Schles. 189. 1878.

Bacillaria cistula Ehrenb., Symb. Phys. 4 (Anim. Evertebr.) 2: 10. 1828.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Udupi), Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Cymbella cuspidata Kütz., Bacillarien 79. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella cymbiformis C. Agardh, Consp. Diat. 10.1830.

 

var. cymbiformis

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Mysuru, Tumakuru), West Bengal, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. jimboi (Pantocsek) Cleve-Euler, Diat. Schw. Finn., ser. 4, 5 (4): 148. 1955.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. multipunctata Cleve-Euler, Diat. Schw. Finn., ser. 4, 5 (4): 148. 1955.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. nerei (Pantocsek) Cleve-Euler, Diat. Schw. Finn., ser. 4, 5 (4): 148. 1955.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. unipuncta Cleve-Euler, Diat. Schw. Finn., ser. 4, 5 (4): 149. 1955.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella ehrenbergii Kütz., Bacillarien 79. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Odisha, Himachal Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella gracilis Kütz., Bacillarien 79. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella helvetica Kütz., Bacillarien 79. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella japonica Reichelt, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3 (3): 391. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella javanica Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 15: 424. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella kerkevarensis Cleve-Euler, Diat. Schw. Finn., ser. 4, 5 (4): 152. 1955.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella kolbei Hust., Hydrobiologia 2: 46. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella lanceolata (C. Agardh) C. Agardh, Consp. Crit. Diat.: 9. 1830.

Frustulia lanceolata C. Ag., Flora 10: 626. 1827.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru, Shivamogga), Meghalaya, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella minuta Hilse, Alg.Europ.: 1261. 1862.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella muelleri Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 15: 425. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

                                                                                                      

Cymbella pusilla Grunow, Atlas, pl. 9: 37. 1875.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella radiosa Hérib., Diat. Foss. Auvergne 2: 15. 1903.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella rivularis H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38 (2): 324. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella sagarensis H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38 (2): 322. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada); endemic..

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella sagarensis f. gracilis H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38 (2): 323. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella spicula Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 15: 422. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella subaequalis Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg.: 61. 1885.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella tumida (Bréb. ex Kütz.) Van Heurck, Syn. Diat. Belg. Pl. 2: 10. 1880.

Cocconema tumidum Bréb. ex Kütz., Sp. Alg.: 60. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Tumakuru, Shivamogga), Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Odisha, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater

 

Cymbella turgida W. Greg., Quart. J. Micr. Sci. 4: 5. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada); Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella turgidula Grunow, Atlas pl. 9: 23-26. 1875.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Tumakuru), Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella ventricosa Kütz., Bacillarien 80. 1844.

 

var. ventricosa

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var. genuina Cleve-Euler, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 11(2): 114. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. minuta (Hilse) Cleve – Euler, Kongal. Svenska Vet. -Akad. Hand. 5 (4): 125. 1955.

Cymbella minuta Hilse, Alg.europ. 1261. 1862.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cymbella yarrensis (A. Schmidt) Cleve, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 26 (2): 162. 1894.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Gomphocymbella O.F. Müll.

 

Gomphocymbella ancyli (Cleve) Hust., Die Süsswasser –Flora Mitteleuropas 10 (2): 366. 1930.

Cymbella ancyli Cleve, Atlas pl. 236: 29, 30. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Diploneidaceae

 

Diploneis Ehrenb. ex Cleve

 

Diplones crabro (Ehrenb.) Ehrenb., Monatsber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1856: 428. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Diploneis elliptica (Kütz.) Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet. -Akad. Handl. 26 (2): 92. 1894. Navicula elliptica Kütz., Bacillarien 98. 1844.

 

var. elliptica

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Udupi), Tripura.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. ladogensis Cleve, Acta Soc. Fauna & Flora Fenn. 8 (2): 43. 1891.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Diploneis pseudovalis Hust., Pascher Süssw. –Fl. 10: 2. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Gujarat

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Diploneis puella (Schumann) Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 26 (2): 92. 1894. Navicula puella Schumann, Schr. Kongal. Phys. Dkon. Ges. Königsberg 8: 56. 1867.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Karnataka coast), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Diploneis splendida Cleve, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 26 (2): 87. 1894.

Navicula splendida Gregory, Trans. Micr. Soc. London, ser. 2, 4: 44. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Diploneis smithii var. pumilla Hust., Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 7: 650. 1937.

Navicula ovalis var. pumila Grunow, Beitr. Paläont. Österr.-Ung. 2: 150. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Diploneis subovalis Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 26 (2): 96. 1894.

 

var. subovalis

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Nagaland, Maharashtra,

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedigia 11 (1-4): 121. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Diploneis subsmithii H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 122. 1966

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Diploneis weisflogii (A.W.F. Schmidt) Cleve, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 26 (2): 91.1894.

Navicula weisflogii A. Schmidt, Atlas pl. 12: 31, 32. 1875.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha, Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Family: Eunotiaceae

 

Eunotia Ehrenb.

 

Eunotia alpina (Nägeli ex Kütz.) Hustedt, Atlas. Diat. 291. 1913.

Synedra alpina Nägeli ex Kütz., Sp. Alg.43. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia ambigua H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 124. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia arcus Ehrenb., Ber. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1837. 45. 1837.

Distribution:– Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Eunotia cholnockyi H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia11 (1-4): 124. 1966.

 

var. cholnockyi

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. ventricosa H.P. Gnadhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 125. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia diodon Ehrenb., Ber Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1837: 45. 1837.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Eunotia grunowii f. uplandica Cleve-Euler, Bot. Not. 1939: 437. 1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 126. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia laevis Ehrenb., Ber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1847: 304. 1847.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia lunaris (Ehrenb.) Grunow, Month. Micr. J. 18: 170. 1877.

Synedra lunaris Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin Phys. 1831: 87. 1832.

 

var. lunaris

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var. subarcuata (Nägeli ex Kütz.) Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. expl. Pl. 35: 2. 1881.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia major var. indica (Grunow) Cleve-Euler, Kungl. Svenska Vete. Akad. Handl. 4(1): 120. 1953.

Eunotia indica Grunow, Beitr. Kenntn. Verbr. Alg.2: 5. 1865.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia minor Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. Atlas pl. 33: 20, 21. 1881.

Himantidium minus Kütz., Bacillarien: 39. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia montana H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 761. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia nehruii H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 127. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia nodulosa F. Meister, Kies. Asien 35. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia patrickii H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 128. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia pectinalis (Kütz.) Rabenh., Fl Eur. Alg.1 : 73. 1864.

Himantidium pectinale Kütz., Bacillarien 39. 1844.

 

var. pectinalis

f. pectinalis

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. cruta Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. 33. 1881.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. minor (Kütz.) A. Berg., Bot. Not. 1939: 429. 1939.

Himantidium minus Kütz., Bacillarien 39. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. gibbulosus G.S. Venkat., Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. Sect. B, 10: 309.  1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. neglecta H.P. Gandhi, Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci. 1: 47. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia polydentula var. perpusilla (Grunow) Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 15: 440. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka(Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Eunotia porcelloides H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 761. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia praerupta Ehrenb., Ber. Kongal. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 204. 1841.

 

var. praerupta

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. bidens Grounow, Kongal. Svenska Vet. Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 109. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia rivularis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 762. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia ruth-patrickiae H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 763. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia saravathense H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 763. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia subgibba H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 129. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia sublunaris H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 764. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Eunotia veneris (Kütz.) Ǻ Berg., Bot. Not. 1939: 446. 1939.

Himantidium veneris Kütz., Bacillarien 40. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Fragilariaceae

 

Asterionella Hassall

 

Asterionella formosa Hassall, Diatomaceae water suppl. Inhabitants London. 10. 1855.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Asterionella glacialis Castrac., Challenger Exped., Bot. 2: 50. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Tamil Nadu, Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

                                                                                                              

Asterionella japonica Cleve, Atl. Plankt. Org. 282. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Asterionellopsis Round

 

Asterionellopsis glacialis (Castrac.) Round, Diatoms: 664. 1990.

Asterionella glacialis Castracane, Challenger Exped., Bot. 2: 50. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Ceratoneis Ehrenb.

 

Ceratoneis jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4). 104. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Staurosira Ehrenb.

 

Staurosira construens Ehrenb., Ber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 208. 1841.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Fragilaria Lyngbye

 

Fragilaria capucina Desma., Pl. Crypt. France 10: 453. 1825.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Shivamogga, Udupi), Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Fragilaria construens (Ehrenb.) Grunow, Verh. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 371. 1861. Staurosira construens Ehrenb., Ber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 208. 1841.

 

var. construens

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. triundulata H. Rieshelt, Danm. Geol. unders. Raekke 9: 57. 1899.

Distribution: Karnataka(Uttara Kanada).

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Fragilaria crotonensis Kitton, Hardwicke's Science-Gossip 5: 110. 1869.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Tumakuru), Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

Fragilaria intermedia (Grunow) Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. pl. 65: 9-11. 1881.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Fragilaria miniscula (Grunow) Williams & Round, Diat. Res. 2: 269. 1987.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Fragilaria oceanica P.T. Cleve, Bih. Kongal. Svenska Vet.- Akad. Handl. 1(13): 22. 1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Arabian Sea, Odisha, Kerala.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Fragilaria pinnata Ehrenb., Ber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 143. 1841.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Fragilaria rumpens (Kütz.) G.W.F. Carison, Wiss. Ergeb. Schwed Südpolar - Exped.  4 (14): 29. 1913.

Synedra rumpens Kütz., Bacillarien 69. 1844.

 

var. rumpens

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. familiaris (Kütz.) Cleve-Euler, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 3, 11 (2): 24. 1932.

Synedra familiaris Kütz., Bacillarien: 68. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var.fragilarioides (Grunow) Cleve-Euler, Kungl. Svenska Vetensk.-Ademien Handl. 4(1): 42. 1953. S

ynedra rumpens var. fragilarioides Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. 60. 1881.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. meneghiniana (Grun.) H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 131. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Fragilaria striatula Schousb., Mém. Soc. Natl. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg 28: 222. 1892.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Fragilaria ungeriana Grunow, Verh. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 142. 1863.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Fragilaria virescens Ralfs, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 12: 110. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru), Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Synedra Ehrenb.

 

Synedra acus Kütz., Bacillarien: 68. 1844.

 

var. acus

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Shivamogga, Udupi), West Bengal, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. genuina Mayer, Ber. Naturw. Ver. Regensburg 14: 51. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

                                                                                     

Synedra formosa Hantzscha, Beitr. Kennth.  Verbr. Alg.1: 19. 1863.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Synedra hennedyana Gregory, Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 21: 532. 1857.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Synedra jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 166. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Synedra pulchella var. minuta Hustedt, Atlas, pl. 300: 34. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Synedra tabulata (C. Agardh) Kütz., Bacillarien 68. 1844.

Diatoma tabulata C. Agardh, Consp. Crit. Diat. 50. 1832.

 

var. tabulata

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. acuminata (Grunow) Hustedt, Kryptogamen - Fl. 219. 1932.

Synedra affinis var. acuminata Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. 51. 1881.

Distribution: Karnataka(Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Synedra ulna (Nitzsch) Ehrenb., Abh. Kongal. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1831. 87. 1832. Bacillaria ulna Nitzsch, Neue Sch. Naturf. Ges. Halle 3: 99. 1816.

 

var. ulna

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad, Bidar, Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Tumakuru, Udupi), West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Tripura, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

var. amphirhynchus (Ehrenb.) Grunow,  Verh. Kongal. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 397. 1862.

Synedra amphirhynchus Ehrenb., Abh. Kongal. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 425. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Meghalaya, Tripura, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. danica (Kütz.) Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belgique 151. 1885. 

Synedra danica Kütz., Bacillarien 66. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Odisha, Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

var. oxyrhynchus (Kütz.) O'Meara, Proc. Roy. Irish Acad., ser. 2, 2: 306. 1875.

Synedra oxyrhynchus Kütz., Bacillarien: 66. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. subaequalis (Grunow) Van Heurck, Syn. Diat. Belg.: 151. 1885.

Synedra aequalis Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. pl. 38: 13. 1881.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Centronella M.Voigt

 

Centronella reichelti M.Voigt, Zool. Anz. 24: 194. 1901.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Tabellaria Ehrenb. ex Kütz.

 

Tabellaria fenestrata (Lyngbye) Kütz., Bacillarien: 127. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi), Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

Tabellaria flocculosa (Roth) Kütz., Bacillarien: 127. 1844.

Conferva flocculosa Roth, Cat. Bot. 1: 192. 1797.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru, Shivamogga), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Gomphonemataceae

 

Gomphonema Ehrenb.

 

Gomphohema abbreviatum (C Agardh) Kütz., Linnaea 8 (5): 572. 1833.

Licmophora abbreviata C. Agardh, Consp. Crit. Diat. 42. 1831.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema acuminatum var. directa Cleve-Euler, Kongal. Svenska. Vet. - Akad. Handl.  11 (2): 94. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema affine Kütz., Bacillarien: 86. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema angustum C. Agardh, Consp. Crit. Diat.: 33. 1830.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema augur Ehrenb., Berg. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1840: 211. 1840.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema augur var. genuinum Mayer, Ber. Naturw. Ver. Reg. 14: 230. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema clavatoides H.P. Gandhi, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 57: 112.1960.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema clevei Fricke, Atlas Diato. 234. 1902.

 

f. clevei

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. acuta H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 132. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. bipunctata H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38 (3): 326. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. javanica Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 15: 441. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. undulata H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 134. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema constrictum Ehrenb., Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1830: 63. 1830.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema dharwarensis H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 35: 206. 1956.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema difformum Karthick & Kociolek, Nova Hedwigia 93 (1-2): 223. 2011.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema diminutum Kartick & Kociolek, Nova Hedwigia 93 (1-2): 227. 2011.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema gandhii Karthick & Kociolek, Nova Hedwigia 93 (1-2): 219. 2011.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema gracile Ehrenb., Infusionsthierchen 217.1838.

 

var. gracile

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Tumakuru, Shivamogga), Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. auritum (A. Braun) Van Heurck, Syn. Diat. Belg.: 125. 1885.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema hebridense Greg., Quart. J. Micr. Soc. 2: 99. 1854.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema herculeanum Ehrenb., Ber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1845: 78. 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema intricatum Kütz., Bacillarien 87. 1844.

 

var. intricatum

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. pusillum A. Mayer, Kryptogam. Forschungen 1 (4): 206. 1919.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. vibrio (Ehrenb). Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 26(2): 182. 1894.

Gomphonema vibrio Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 416. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema lacus-rankala var. gracilis H.P. Gandhi, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 55 (3): 500. 1958.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema lanceolatum Kütz., Bacillarien 87. 1844.

 

var. lanceolatum

f. lanceolatum

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Shivamogga), Odisha, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

f. turris Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 14: 166. 1935.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. affine (Kütz.) Cleve-Euler, Die Diatomeen von Schweden und Finnland 5 (4): 185. 1955.

Gomphonema affine Kütz., Bacillarien: 86. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. insigne (Greg.) Cleve, Kongal Svenska Vat. - Akad. Handl. 26 (2): 183. 1894.

Gomphohema insigne Greg., Quart. J. Micr. Soc. 3: 37. 1855.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema minutum (C. Agardh) C. Agardh, Consp. Crit. Diat.: 34. 1831.

Licmophora minuta C. Agardh, Flora 10: 629. 1827.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema montanum var. acuminata (Perag. & Héribaud) A. Mayer, Denks Konigich Balerischen Bot. Gess. Reg. 17: 113. 1928.

Gomphonema subdavatum var. acuminata Perag. & Héribaud, Diat. Auv. 55. 1893.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), West Bengal, Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

                                                                               

Gomphonema olivaceum (Hornem.) Bréb., Consid. Diat.: 14. 1838.

Ulva olivacea Hornemann, Fl. Dan. 8 (24): 5. 1810.

 

var. olivaceum

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Odisha, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. balticum (Cleve) Grunow, Syn. Diat. 43. 1880.

Gomphonema balticum Cleve, Öfvers. Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Förh. 25: 231. 1868.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema parvulum (Kütz.) Kütz., Sp. Alg.65. 1849.

Sphenella purvula Kütz., Bacillarien 83. 1844.

 

var. parvulum

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada); West Bengal, Gujarat, Arunachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. genuinum A. Mayer, Krypt. Forsch. 1: 206. 1919.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. lagenula (Kütz.) Freng., Bol. Acad. Nac. Cienc. Córdoba 27: 68. 1923.

Gomphonema lagenula Kütz., Bacillarien: 85. 1844. 

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. micropus (Kütz.) Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 26 (2): 180. 1894.

Gomphonema micropus Kütz., Bacillarien 84.1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha, West Bengal, Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. subellipticum Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 26(2): 180. 1894.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema saravathense H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 766. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema sarcophagus Greg., Quart. J. Micr. Soc. 4: 13. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema sphaerophorum Ehrenb., Ber. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1845: 78. 1845.

 

f. sphaerophorum

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Odisha, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 136. 1966.

Distribution: Freshwater – Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema subapicatum F.E. Fritsch & M.F. Rich, Trnas. Roy. Soc. South. Africa. 18: 109. 1929.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema submalayense H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 767. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema subtile Ehrenb., Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1841: 416. 1841. 

 

var. subtile

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. malayensis Hust., Internat. Rev. Hydrobiol. & Hydrogr. 42: 119. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema subventricosum Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 15: 440. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema tropicale J.J. Brunn, Atlas.Diat. 216. 1899.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gomphonema truncatum Ehrenb., Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1831: 88. 1832.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru, Udupi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

                                       

Gomphonema vastum var. elongata Skvortzow, Philippine J. Sci. 61: 51. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Hemiaulaceae

 

Climacodium Grunow

 

Climacodium frauenfeldianum Grunow, Alg.Novara 102. 1868.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast, Dakshina Kannada), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Cerataulina H. Perag. & F. Schütt

 

Cerataulina pelagica (Cleve) Hendey, Discovery Reports 16: 279. 1937.

Zygoceros pelagicum Cleve, K. Svenska Vet. –Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 26 (2): 59. 1894.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Eucampia Ehrenb.

 

Eucampia cornuta (Cleve) Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. exel. Pl. 95: 5. 1882.

Mölleria cornuta Cleve, Bih. K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. 1 (11): 7. 1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Marine.

 

Eucampia zordiacus Ehrenb., Ber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1839: 156. 1839.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Hemiaulus Heib.

 

Hemiaulus hauckii Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. pl. 103: 10. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Arabian Sea

Habitat: Marine.

 

Hemiaulus sinensis Grev., Syll. Alg.2: 853. 1894.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Tamil Nadu, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Family: HEMIDISCACEAE

 

Actinocyclus Ehrenb.

 

Actinocyclus ehrenbergii Schumann, Schr. K. Phys. -Ökon. Ges. Köngisberg 8: 66. 1867.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Azpeitia Perag.

 

Azpeitia nodulifera (A.W.F. Schmidt) G.A. Fryxell & P.A. Sims, Syst. Bot. Mono.: 19. 1986.

Coscinodiscus nodulifer A. Schmidt, Atlas pl. 59: 20. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Family: Lauderiaceae

 

Lauderia Cleve

 

Lauderia annulata Cleve, Bih. Kongal. Svenska Vet.- Akad. Handl. 1 (11): 8. 1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Odisha, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Family: Leptocylindraceae

 

Leptocylindrus Cleve

 

Leptocylindrus danicus Cleve, Pel. Diat. 54. 1889.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast, Dakshina Kannada), Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Leptocylindrus minimus Gran, Cons. Perm. Int. Explor. Mer, Bull. Plankt. 1912: 72. 1915.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Arabian Sea, Andhra Pradesh

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Family: LICMOPHORACEAE

 

Licmophora C.Agardh

 

Licmophora abbreviata C.Agardh, Consp. Crit. Diat. 42. 1831.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Family: Lithodesmiaceae

 

Ditylum J.W. Bailey

 

Ditylum brightwellii (T. West) Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belgique 196. 1885.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast, Dakshina Kannada), Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Kerala.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Family: Mastogloiaceae

 

Mastogloia Thwaites ex W. Sm.

 

Mastogloia angulata F.W. Lewis, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 1861: 65. 1861.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Mastogloia lineata Cleve & Grove, Diatomiste 1: 59. 1891.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Mastogloia ovata Grunow, Verh. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 10: 578. 1860.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Mastogloia smithii var. lacustris Grunow, Naturw. Beitr. Kenntn. Kaukasuslӓnder 111.  1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Nagaland.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Melosiraceae

 

Melosira C. Agardh

 

Melosira distans var. lirata f. lacustris Bethge, Bacillaria 2: 58. 1979.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Melosira granulata (Ehrenb.) Ralfs, Hist. Infus. 4: 820. 1861.

Gaillonella granulata Ehrenb., Ber. Kongal. Akad. Wiss. Barlin 1841: 363. 1841.

 

var. granulata

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada, Tumakuru), West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Maharashtra

Habitat: Freshwater and Brackish water.

 

var. angustissima O. Müll., Hedwigia 38: 315: 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Bay of Bengal

Habitat: Freshwater and Brackish water.

 

var. muzzanensis Bethge, Bacillaria 2: 59. 1979.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Arunachal Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. typica Cleve-Euler, Kungl. Svenska Vet.- Acard. Handl. 2 (1): 16. 1951.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Melosira juergensi C. Agardh, Syst. 9. 1824.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Melosira moniliformis (O.F. Müll.) C. Agardh, Syst. 8. 1824.

Conferva moniliformis O.F. Müll., K. Svenska Vet. Acad. Nya Handl. 4: 83. 1783.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Brackish water.

 

Melosira nummuloides C. Agardh, Syst. 8. 1824.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Melosira striata O.F. Müll., Bot. Jahrb. 34: 292. 1904.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Melosira varians C. Agardh, Aufzählung einiger in den östreichischen Ländern gefundenen nuene Gattungen und Arten von Algen, nebst ihrer Diagnostik und beigefügten Bemerkungen 10 (40): 628. 1827.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Meghalaya, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Naviculaceae

 

Caloneis Cleve

 

Caloneis bacillum (Grunow) Cleve, Diat. 2 (18). 99. 1894.

Stauroneis bacillum Grunow, Verh. K. Zool.- Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 155. 1863.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Rajasthan, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Caloneis crassa (W. Greg.) Ron. Ross, J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 66: 607. 1986.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Caloneis pulchra var. interrupta H.P. Gandhi, Ceylon J. Sci. (Bio. Sci.) 2 (1): 101. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Caloneis silicula (Ehrenb.) Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet. -Akad. Handl. 26 (2): 51. 1894. Navicula silicula Ehrenb. Ber. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 144. 1841.

 

var. silicula

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada); Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. gibberula (Kütz.) Cleve, K. Svenska Vet. –Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 26 (2): 51. 1894.

Navicula gibberula Kütz., Bacillarien: 101. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. minuta (Grunow) Cleve, K. Svenska Vet. –Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 26 (2): 52. 1894.

Navicula ventricosa f. minuta Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. Pl. 12: 26. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Meuniera P.C. Silva

 

Meuniera membranacea (Cleve) P.C. Silva, Ident. Marine Diatoms Dinoflagellates: 271. 1996. Navicula membranacea Cleve, Treat. Phytoplankton Atlantic: 24. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Navicula Bory

Navicula abstrusa Hust., Abh. Naturw. Ver. Bremen 31: 621. 1939.

Distribution: Karnataka

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Navicula accommoda Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. 43: 446.1950.

Distribution: Karnataka

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Navicula affinis Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wissh. Berlin 1841: 417. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Navicula amphiceropsis H. Lange-Bertalot & Rumrich, Iconogr. Diatomol. 9: 153. 2000.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula anglica Ralfs, Hist. Inf. Ed. 4: 900. 1861.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula angulata E.J. Quekett, Treat. Microscope: 438. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula angusta Grunow, Verh. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 10: 528. 1860.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula bacillum Ehrenb., Abh. K. Acad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1838: 130. 1839.

 

var. bacillum

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. capitata H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 769. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 139. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula bryophila J.B. Petersen, Bot. Iceland 2: 388. 1928.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula cari Ehrenb., Ber. K. Acad. Wiss. Berlin 1836: 83. 1836.

 

var. cari

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. angusta Van Heurck, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 27 (3): 17. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula charlatii M.Parag.

var. jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 770. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. lanceolata H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 770. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula cincta (Ehrenb.) Ralfs, Hist. Inf. Ed. 4: 901. 1861.

Pinnularia cincta Ehrenb., Ber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1846: 170. 1846.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

Navicula cinctaeformis Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 15: 265. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula cocconeiformis Greg. ex Grev., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 2, 15: 256. 1855.

 

var. cocconeiformis

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. oblonga H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38 (3): 316. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula confervacea (Kütz.) Grunow in van Heurck, Syn. Diatom. Belg. Atlas pl. 14, fig. 36. 1880

 

f. rostrata Krasske, Arch. Hydrobiol. 44: 650. 1951.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. biceps Arnott, Pascher Süss.-Flora, ed. 2, 10: 277. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. parallela (J.B. Petersen) Hust., Pascher Süss.-Flora, ed. 2, 10: 277. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula crucicula (W. Sm.) Donkin, Brit. Diat. 44. 1871.

Stauroneis crucicula W. Smith, Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 60: 1853.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru).

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Navicula cryptocephala Kütz., Bacillarien 95. 1844.

 

var. cryptocephala

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada, Mysuru), Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater, terrestrial.

 

var. subsalina Hust., Süssw. Fl. 10: 295 .1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula cryptocephaloides Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 15: 261. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula cuspidata (Kütz.) Kütz., Bacillarien 94. 1844.

Frustulia cuspidata Kütz., Linnaea 8 : 549. 1833.

 

var. cuspidata

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada, Tumakuru), West Bengal, Odisha, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water, marine and terrestrial.

 

var. ambigua (Ehrenb). Cleve, Kongal Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. 26 (2): 110. 1894.

Navicula ambigua Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 417. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Odisha, Himachal Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. conspicua G.S. Venkatara., Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. Sect. B, 10: 325. 1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula decussis Østrup, Dansek Diat.: 77. 1910.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula dicephala Ehrenb., Ber. K. Acad. Wiss. Berlin 1837: 45. 1837.

 

var. dicephala

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. sphaerophora Cleve-Euler, Diat. Schw. Finn., ser. 4, 4 (5): 95. 1953.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Arunachal Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula digitulus Hust., Int, Rev. Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 43: 162. 1943.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula dissipata Hust., Int, Rev. Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 43: 162. 1943.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula distans (W. Sm.) Ralfs, Hist. Inf. Ed. 4: 907. 1861.

Pinnularia distans W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 56. 1853.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada)

Habitat: Marine.

 

Navicula elata H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 774. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula feuerborni Hust., Int, Rev. Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 43: 162. 1943.

 

var. feuerborni

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. rostrata H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 774. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula fluens Hust., Schmidt's Atlas Diat.  370. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula fulva Ehrenb., Ber. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1837: 105. 1837.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula gottlandica Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. pl. 8: 8. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

Navicula gracilis Ehrenb., Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1830: 64. 1830.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Tumakuru), Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula halophila (Grunow) Cleve, Syn. Navic. Diat. 109. 1894.

Navicula cuspidata var. halophila Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. 100. 1885.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru).

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Navicula inflata H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 775. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 142. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula lanceolata (C. Agardh) Kütz., Bacillarien 94. 1844.

Frustulia lanceolata C. Agardh, Flora 10: 626. 1827.

 

var. lanceolata

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Meghalaya, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

 

var. tenella Cleve, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 27 (3): 22. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Navicula laterostrata Hust., Int, Rev. Hydrobiol. u. Hydrogr. 13: 357. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula minuta Skvort., Phillipine J. Sc. 61: 276. 1936.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula monilifera Cleve, K. Svenska Vet. Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 27 (3): 43. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Navicula mugadensis H.P. Gandhi, Ceylon J. Sci. (Biol. Sci.) 2 (1): 107. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula mutica Kütz., Bacillarien 93. 1844.

 

var. mutica

f. mutica

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Udupi), Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

f. intermedia Hust., Krypt. –Fl. Deutschl. 7 (3): 585. 1966.

Navicula lagerheimii var. intermedia Hust., Atlas pl. 370: 22. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. cohnii (Hilse) Grunow, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 17 (2): 41. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula oppugnata Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. 40: 925. 1945.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula palpebralis Bréb. ex W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1. 50. 1853.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

                 

Navicula peregrina (Ehrenb.) Kütz., Bacillarien: 97. 1844.

Pinnularia peregrina Ehrenb., Abh. K. Acad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1841: 421. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Navicula pratabgarhensis H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 35 (4): 320. 1955.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

                                                                                      

Navicula pseudocuspidata var. rostrata H.P.Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 35: 200. 1956.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula pupula Kütz., Bacillarien 93. 1844.

 

var. pupula

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada, Tumakuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. capitata Skvort. & Art. Mey., Trudy Sungar. Rech. Biol. Stants. 1 (5): 15. 1928.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Gandhi 1966), Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. elliptica Hust., Abh. Naturwiss. Vereins Bremen 20: 291. 1911.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. rectangularis (Greg.) Grunow, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 17 (2): 45. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula pusilla var. lanceolata (Grunow) O'Meara, Proc. Roy. Irish Acad., ser. 2, 2: 382. 1875.  

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

                                                                                                            

Navicula radiosa Kütz., Bacillarien 91. 1844.

 

var. radiosa

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Tumakuru, Shivamogga, Udupi), Meghalaya, Odisha, West Bengal, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. tenella (Bréb ex Kütz.) Cleve & J.D. Möller, Syn. Diat. Belg. 84. 1885.

Navicula tenella Bréb. ex Kütz., Sp. Alg.74. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula ramosissimoides H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 777. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula reimeri H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 778. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula reinhardtii (Grunow) Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. expl. Pl. 7: 5. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula rhomboides Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 419. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bidar).

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

Navicula rhynchocephala Kütz., Bacillarien: 145. 1844.

 

var. rhynchocephala

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. amphiceros (Kütz.) Grunow, Kongal Svenska vet. -Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 33. 1880.

Navicula amphiceros Kütz., Bacillarien 95. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula rostellata Kütz., Bacillarien: 95. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Tumakuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula salinarum Grun., Kongal Svenska vet. -Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 33. 1880.

 

var. salinarum

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru), Maharashtra, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

var. intermedia (Grunow) Cleve, Kongal Svenska Vet. -Akad. Handl. 27 (3): 19. 1895.

Navicula cryptocephala var. intermedia Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belgique 8. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula subbengalensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 779. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

 

Navicula subdapaliformis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 780. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula subdigma H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 781. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula subinflata Grunow, Vega - Exped. Vet. Iaktt. 3: 470. 1883.

Distribution: Karnataka

Habitat: Terrestrial*

                                                                                 

Navicula thienemannioides H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 782. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula tuscula Ehrenb., Ber. Bekanntm. Verh. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1840: 215. 1840. Pinnularia tuscula Ehrenb., Mikrogeologie Atlas pl. 6: 13. 1840.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula variostriata Krasske, Bot. Arch. 3: 197. 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula variostriata var. jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 783. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula venezuelensis Hust., Ergeb. Deutsch. Limnol. Venezuela Exped. 1: 115. 1956.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula ventralis Krasske, Bot. Arch. 3: 200. 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula viridula var. capitata A. Mayer, Süssw. -Fl. 10: 297. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Navicula vulpina Kütz., Bacillarien: 92. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Neidiaceae

 

Neidium Pfitz.

 

Neidium affine (Ehrenb.) Pfitzer, Bot. Abh. 1 (2): 39. 1871.

Navicula affinis Ehrenb., Abh. K. Acad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1841: 417. 1843.

 

var. affine

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. longiceps (W. Gregory) Cleve, Kongal. Suveska Vet. - Akad. Hand. 26(2): 68. 1894.

Navicula longiceps W.Gregory, Quart. J. Micr. Sci. 4: 8. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

Neidium bisulcatum (Lagerst.). Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl.  26 (2): 68. 1894.

Navicula  bisulcata Lagerst., Bih. Kongal. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 1 (14): 31. 1873.

 

f. bisulcatum

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Rajasthan

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. undulata (O.F. Müll.) Hust., Süssw. - Fl. 2: 242. 1930.

Neidium bisulcatum var. undulatum O. Müll, Forschber. Biol. Stat. Plön 6: 62. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Neidium capitellata H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38 (3): 313. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Neidium dubium var. peisone (Grunow) Mayer, Krypt. Forsch. 1: 200. 1919.

Distribution: Freshwater – Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Neidium gracile Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl., 15: 406. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Neidium grandis H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38 (3): 313. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Neidium hustedtii H.P. Gandhi, Ceylon J. Sci. (Biol. Sci). 2 (1): 103. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Neidium iridis (Ehrenb). Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet. -Akad. Handl. 26(2): 69: 1894. Navicula iridis Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 418. 1843.

 

var. iridis

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. firma (Kütz.) Mayer, Ber. Naturw. Ver. Regensburg 14: 114. 1913. Navicula firma Kütz., Bacillarien 92. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

                                                                                       

var. indica H.P. Gandhi, Ceylon J. Sci. (Bio. Sci.) 2 (1): 102. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Neidium jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 784. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: PHAEODACTYLACEAE

 

Phaeodactylum Bohlin

 

Phaeodactylum tricornutum Bohlin, Öfvers. K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Förh. 54: 520. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada)

Habitat: Marine.

 

Family: Pinnulariaceae

 

Pinnularia Ehrenb.

 

Pinnularia acrosphaeria Rabenh., Süssw. - Diat. 45. 1853.

 

f. acrosphaeria

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Tumakuru), Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. minor Cleve, Kongal Svenska vet. - Akad. Handl. 27 (3): 86. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

f. undulata (Cleve) Hust., Süssw. - F1. 10: 330. 1930.

Pinnularia acrosphaeria var. undulata Cleve, Kongal Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 27 (3): 86. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia aestuarii Cleve, Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl. 27(3):  93. pl.1, fig.16. 1895

 

var. interrupta (Hust.) Cleve-Euler, Soc. Sc. Fenn., Comment. Biol. 4 (14): 44. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

var. lata H.P. Gandhi, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 54: 851. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia angustefasciata H.P. Gandhi, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 54: 852. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia biceps Greg., Quart. J. Micr. Sc. 4: 8. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru, Shivamogga, Udupi), Sikkim, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia borealis Ehrenb., Abhandl. Königl. Akademie Wissensc. Berlin 1841:420 (132); pl. 1/2, fig. 6. 1843.

 

var. lonavlensis H.P. Gandhi, Hydrobiologia 20: 143. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. scalaris (Ehrenb.). Rabenh., Fl Eur. Alg.1: 216. 1864.

Stauroptera scalaris Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 423. 1843.

Distribution: Terrestrial* – Karnataka.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. undata Manguin, Alg.Guad.: 80. 1952.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia brebissonii (Kützing) Rabenhorst, Algas Diatom. Complect., Figs. Gen. Omni. Xylograph. Impress. 222. 1864.

 

var. producta Cleve-Euler, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 3, 11 (2): 77. 1932.

 

f. producta

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

f. biundulata (O.F. Müll.) Cleve-Euler, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 5 (4): 54. 1955.

Pinnularia microstauron var. biundulata O. Müller, ForschBer. Biol. Stat. Plön. 6: 72. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia brevistriata Grunow, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 17 (2): 71. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia cardinaliculus Cleve, Kongl. Svenska Vet. - Akad. Handl. 27 (3): 79. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia cardinalis (Ehrenb.) W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 55. 1853.

Navicula cardinalis Ehrenb., Ber. Königl. Akad. Wissh. Berlin 1840: 213. 1840.

Distribution: Karnataka,

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Pinnularia congolensis V. Zanon, Comment. Pontif. Acad. Sc. 2: 545. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia conica H.P. Gandhi, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 54: 847. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia divergens W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 57. 1853.

 

var. divergens

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. americana Meister, Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 47: 263. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Pinnularia divergentissimoides H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 786. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Pinnularia dubiosa H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 151. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia eburnea V. Zanon, Comment. Pontif. Acad. Sc. 5: 49. 1941.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia esox Ehrenb. 1843

 

var. capitata H.P. Gandhi, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 54: 849. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.   

 

var. fasciata H.P. Gandhi, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 54: 849. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad)

Habitat:Terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia gibba (Ehrenb). Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 315. 1843. Navicula gibba Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1830. 64. 1830.

 

var. gibba

f. gibba

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Shivamogga, Udupi), Odisha, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. subundulata Mayer, Süssw. -Fl.  2: 327. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var. sancta Grunow, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 17 (2): 73. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Pinnularia graciloides Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 15: 293. 1937.

 

var. graciloides

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. africana Cholnoky, Österr. Bot. Z. 103: 86. 1956.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 154. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia interrupta W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 59. 1853.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Arunachal Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia isostauron (Ehrenb.) Cleve, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 27 (3): 93. 1895.

Stauroptera isostauron Ehrenb., Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1841: 423. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia isostauron var. conifera Cleve-Euler, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 5 (4): 59. 1955.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia karnatika H.P. Gandhi, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 54: 846. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia lata (Bréb.) W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 55. 1853.

Frustulia lata Bréb., Consid. Diat. 18. 1838.

 

var. lata

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Udupi).

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

var. media V. Zanon, Comment. Pontif. Acad. Sc. 2: 643. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. thuringiaca A. Mayer, Beitr. Diatomfl. Bayerns: 40. 1917.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia legumen var. florentina (Grunow) Cleve, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 27 (3): 99. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia major (Kütz.) Rabenh., Süssw. –Diat.: 42. 1853.

Frustulia major Kütz., Linnaea 8 (5): 547. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Tumakuru, Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia mesolepta (Ehrenh.) W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 58. 1853.

Navicula mesolepta Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 419. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Pinnularia microstauron (Ehrenb.) Cleve, Acta Soc. Fauna et Flora Fenn. 8 (2): 28. 1891. Stauroptera microstauron Ehrenb., Abh. K. Acad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1841: 423. 1843.

 

var. microstauron

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Tripura, Odisha, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater and Brackish water.

 

var. ambigua Meister, KieselAlg.Schweiz.: 162. 1912.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial.

 

var. biundulata O.F. Müll., ForschBer. Biol. Stat. Plön 6: 72. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia mysorense H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38 (3): 320. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia neglecta var. interrupta H.P. Gandhi, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 54: 850. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia nobilis (Ehrenb.) Ehrenb., Ber. K. Acad. Wiss. Berlin 1845: 61. 1845.

Navicula nobilis Ehrenb., Ber. K. Acad. Wiss. Berlin 1840: 214. 1840.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru, Udupi), Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

                                                                                    

Pinnularia paucicostis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 156. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia peregrina Ehrenb.,Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 421. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Pinnularia sagittata H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38 (3): 319. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia sahyadrense H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 157. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia schweinfurthi H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 788. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia stauroptera var. minuta f. medioconstricta Cleve-Euler, Diat. Schw. Finn., ser. 4, 4 (5): 82. 1953.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia stomatophora var. gibbosa f. jogensis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 788. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia stomatophoroides var. ornata f. erlangensis Mayer, Denkschr. Bayer. Bot. Ges. Regensburg 21: 157. 1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Pinnularia subcapitata Greg., Quart. J. Micr. Sc. 4: 9. 1856.

 

var. subcapitata

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. hilseana O.F. Müll., ForschBer. Biol. Stat. Plön 6: 76. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia subgracilloides H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 789. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia subsimilis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 789. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Arunachal Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia tabellaria Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wissh. Berlin 1841: 422. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Pinnularia viridis (Nitzsch) Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 315. 1843. Bacillaria viridis Nitzsch, Neue Schr. Naturf. Ges. Halle 3: 97. 1816.

 

var. viridis

Distribution: Karnataka (Bidar, Uttara Kannada), Meghalaya, Odisha, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. curviraphe H.P. Gandhi, J.Roy. Micr. Soc. 79 (1): 86. 1960.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. intermedia Cleve, Acta Soc. Fauna et Flora Fenn. 8 (2): 22. 1891.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pinnularia viridula (Kutz.) Rabenh., Süssw. - Diat. 43. 1853.

Frustulia viridula Kütz., Linnaea 8 (5): 551. 1833.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Diatomella Grev.

 

Diatomella balfauriana Grev., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2, 15: 259. 1855.  

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Pleurosigmataceae

 

Gyrosigma Hassall

 

Gyrosigma acuminatum (Kütz.). Rabenh. Süssw. -Diat. 47. 1853.

Frustulia acuminata Kütz., Linnaea 8 (5) : 555. 1833.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Dakshina Kannada, Tumakuru, Shivamogga), Tripura, Maharashtra, Odisha, Bay of Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

 

Gyrosigma attenuatum (Kütz.) Rabenh. Süssw. -Diat. 47. 1853.

Frustulia attenuata Kütz., Linnaea 8 (5) : 555. 1833.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Tumakuru), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gyrosigma balticum (Ehrenb.) Rabenh. Süssw. -Diat. 47. 1853.

Navicula baltica Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, Phys. Kl. 1833: 258. 1834.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Gyrosigma kutzingii (Grun.) Cleve, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 26 (2): 115. 1894. Pleurosigma kutzingii Grunow, Verh. K. Zool. –Bot. Ges. Wien 10: 561. 1860.

Distribution: Karnataka (Tumakuru, Shivamogga, Udupi), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gyrosigma nodiferum (Grun.) Reimer, Monogr. Acad. Nat. Sc. Philad. 13: 320. 1966. Pleurosigma nodiferum Grun., K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 17 (2): 59. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Gyrosigma spencerii (Bailey ex Quekett) Griffith & Henfrey, Micro. Dict. 303. 1856. Navicula spenceri Bailey ex Quekett, Treat. Microscope 440. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Pleurosigma W. Sm.

 

Pleurosigma aestuarii (Bréb. ex Kütz.) W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 65. 1853.

Navicula aestuarii Bréb. ex Kütz., Sp. Alg.890. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Odisha, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

 

Pleurosigma directum Grunow, Kongal. Svenska Vet. Akad. Handl. 17 (2): 53. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Kerala.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Pleurosigma falx A. Mann, U.S. Natl. Mus. Bull. 100, 6: 134. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Pleurosigma formosum W. Sm., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2, 9: 5. 1852.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Odisha.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Pleurosigma hippocampus W. Sm., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. Ser. 2, 9: 10. 1852.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Terrestrial*

 

Pleurosigma normanii Ralfs, Hist. Inf. Ed. 4: 919. 1861.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Kerala.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Family: Rhizosoleniaceae

 

Rhizosolenia Brightwell

 

Rhizosolenia alata T. Brightwell, Quart. J. Micr. Sci. 6: 95. 1858.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Arabian Sea

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Rhizosolenia faeroensis Ostenf., Bot. Faeröes: 568. 1903.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Rhizosolenia robusta G. Norman ex. J. Ralfs, Hist. Infus. 866. 1861.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Tamil Nadu, Arabian Sea, Kerala.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Rhizosolenia setigera T. Brightwell, Quart. J. Micr. Sci. 6: 95. 1858.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Odisha, Arabian Sea.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Rhizosolenia stolterfothii H. Perag., Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 22: 82. 1888.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Odisha, Arabian Sea, Andhra Pradesh.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Rhizosolenia striata Greville, Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 8: 234. 1865.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast) ,Freshwater (Shivamogga)

Habitat: Freshwater and Marine

                                                              

Urosolenia Round & R.M. Crawford

 

Urosolenia curvata B. Karthick & J.P. Kociolek, Phytotaxa 22: 32. 2011.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Urosolenia extensa B. Karthick & J.P. Kociolek, Phytotaxa 22: 34. 2011.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Dactyliosolen Castrac.

 

Dactyliosolen phuketensis (Sundström) Hasle, Ident. marine diatoms dinoflagellates: 167. 1996.

Rhizosolenia phuketensis Sundström, Bot. Not. 133: 579. 1980.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Guinardia H. Perag.

 

Guinardia cf. cylindrus (Cleve) Hasle, Ident. marine diatoms dinoflagellates: 161. 1996.

Rhizosolenia cylindrus Cleve, Treat. Phytoplankton Atlantic: 24. 1897.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Guinardia striata (Stolterf.) Hasle, Ident. marine diatoms dinoflagellates: 163. 1996.

Eucampia striata Stolterfoth, J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. London 2: 836. 1879.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Family: Rhopalodiaceae

 

Epithemia Kütz.

 

Epithemia adnata (Kütz.) Bréb., Consid. diatom.: 16. 1838.

Frustulia adnata Kütz., Alg.Aq. Dulc. Germ. 5: 3. 1833.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Epithemia sorex Kütz., Bacillarien: 33. 1844. 

 

var. sorex

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru), Himachal Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. genuina Cleve-Euler, Diat. Schw. Finn., ser. 4, 3 (3): 32. 1952.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Epithemia zebra (Ehrenb). Kütz., Bacillarien 34. 1844.

Navicula zebra Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin  1833: 262. 1834.

 

var. zebra

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. saxonica (Kütz.) Grunow, Verh. K. Zool.-Bot.Ges. Wien 12: 328. 1862.

Epithemia saxonica Kütz., Bacillarien: 35. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada)

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Rhopalodia O.F. Müll.

 

Rhopalodia gibba (Ehrenb.) O.F. Müll., Bot. Jahrb. 22: 65. 1895.

Navicula gibba Ehrenb., Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1830: 64. 1830.

 

var. gibba

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Udupi), Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. genuina (Grunow) Mayer, Ber. Naturw. Ver. Regensburg 14: 279. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. ventricosa (Kütz.) Mayer, Ber. Naturw. Ver. Regensburg 14. 279. 1913.

Epithemia ventricosa Kütz., Bacillarien 35. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

                                                              

Rhopalodia gibberula (Ehrenb.) O.F. Müll., Wiss. Meeresuntersuch. Kiel 4: 97. 1899. Eunotia gibberula Ehrenb., Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1841: 414. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Tumakuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Rhopalodia musculus (Kütz.) O.F. Müll., Wiss. Meeresuntersuch. Kiel 4: 98. 1899.

Eunotia musculus Kütz., Bacillarien: 33. 1844.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Skeletonemataceae

 

Skeletonema Greville

 

Skeletonema costatum (Greville) Cleve, Bih. Kongal. Svenska Vet.- Akad. Handl. 1 (11): 7. 1873.

Melosiria costata Greville, Trans. Micr. Soc. London 14: 77. 1866.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Karnataka coast), Arabian Sea (Kerala), Bay of Bengal (Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu).

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Skeletonema tropicum Cleve, Kongal. Svenska Vet.- Akad. Handl. 34 (1): 22. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Schizostauron Grunow

 

Schizostauron brasiliense Zimmerm., Brotéria Bot. 16: 86. 1918.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Stauroneidaceae

 

Stauroneis Ehrenb.

 

Stauroneis acuta W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1. 59. 1953.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Stauroneis alpina Hust., Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. Hydrogr. 43: 154. 1943.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Stauroneis anceps Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1841: 422. 1843.

 

f. anceps

Distribution:Karnataka (Dharwad, Bidar, Uttara Kannada, Tumakuru, Shivamogga), Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater and terrestrial*

 

f. indica H.P. Gandhi, Ceylon, J. Sci. (Biol. Sci.) 2 (1): 104. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. linearis (Ehrenb.) Hustedt, Pascher Süssw.-Fl. Ed. 2, 10: 256. 1930.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. hustedtii H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 792. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. hyalina Perag. & J. Brun., Diat. Auvergne: 78. 1893.

 

f.hyalina

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. capitata H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 793. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. leiostauron Cleve, Bih. Kongal. Svenska Vet.- Akad. Handl. 21: 12. 1895.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Stauroneis kriegeri R.M. Patrick, Farlowia 2: 175. 1945.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Stauroneis legumen Ehrenb., Abh.  Königl. Akad. Wish. Berlin 1847: 444. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Stauroneis obtusa Lagerstedt, Vih. K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. 1 (14): 36. 1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Stauroneis phoenicentron (Nitzsch) Ehrenb., Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1841: 311. 1843.

Bacillaria phoenicentron Nitzsch, Neue Schr. Naturf. Ges. Halle 3: 92. 1816.

 

f. phoenicentron

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad, Uttara Kannada, Udupi), Maharashtra, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. producta H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 37: 252. 1958

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra; endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Stauroneis tenuis H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 31: 794. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Stephanodiscaceae

 

Cyclotella Bréb.

 

Cyclotella atomus Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 15: 143. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cyclotella catenata (Brun) A.Bachm., Phytoplankton 130. 1911.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Cyclotella glomerata H. Bachm., Phytopl. Vierw. 131. 1911.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Shivamogga, Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Cyclotella kuetzingiana Thwaites, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 2, 1 (3): 169. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Tumakuru, Shivamogga)

Habitat: Freshwater and marine.

 

Cyclotella meneghiniana Kütz., Bacillarien 50. 1844.

 

var. meneghiniana

f. meneghiniana

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Tumakuru, Karnataka coast), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Mizoram, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

 

f. binotata Grunow, K. Svenska Vet.–Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 2 (1): 49. 1951.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. genuina P. Bachmann, Kungl. Svenska Vetensk. Handl. 2 (1): 43. 1951.

 

f. genuina

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. binotata Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. pl. 94: 20. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater, Terrestrial

 

Cyclotella stelligera Cleve & Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belgique 94. 1882.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Arunachal Pradesh, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: Striatellaceae

 

Grammatophora Ehrenb.

 

Grammatophora undulata Ehrenb., Ber. Königl.. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 180. 162. 1840.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater, brackish water and marine.

 

Family: Surirellaceae

 

Cymatopleura W. Sm.

 

Cymatopleura solea var. subconstricta f. minor O.F. Müll., Bot. Jahrb. 34: 23. 1904.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Stenopterobia Bréb. ex Van Heurck

 

Stenopterobia intermedia (Lewis) Van Heurck, Florida State Geol. Surv., Ann. Rep. 23: 90.1933.

Surirella intermeida Lewis., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 15: 339. 1862.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

                

Surirella Turpin

 

Surirella apiculata W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 2: 88. 1856.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella biseriata Bréb., Alg.Falaise: 53. 1835.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella capronii Bréb., J. Quekett Micr. Club 2: 38. 1870.

 

var. capronii

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. obtusa Hust., Arch. Hydrobiol. 18: 170. 1927.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella capronioides H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38 (3): 328. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella celebesiana Hust., Internat. Rev. Hydrobiol. & Hydrogr. 42. 161. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella ceylonica Skvortzow, Ann. R. Bot. Gard. Peradeniya 11: 259. 1930.

 

f. ceylonica

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

                

f. minor H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11: 163. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella elegans Ehrenb., Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, Physik. Kl. 1841: 424. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella horrida f. minor H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38 (3): 328. 1959.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella leyana A.J. Bramb. & P.B. Ham., Diat. Res. 21: 29. 2006.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella linearis W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 31.1853.

 

var. linearis

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Uttara Kannada), Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. constricta Grunow, Verh. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 455. 1862.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella pinnigera A.J. Bramburger & P.B. Hamilton, Diat. Res. 21: 31. 2006.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella robusta (Ehrenb.) Ehrenb., Ber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1842: 337. 1842.

 

var. robusta

Distribution: Freshwater – Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Mysuru, Tumakuru), Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. splendida (Ehrenb.) Van Heurck, Syn. Diat. 221. 1885.

Navicula splendida Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1831. 123. 1832.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bongale 1985).

Habitat: Terrestrial.

 

Surirella shyamaii H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 164. 1966.

 

f. shyamaii

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. constricta H.P. Gandhi, Nova Hedwigia 11 (1-4): 165. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella splendida (Ehrenb.) Kütz., Bacillarien 62. 1844.

Navicula splendida Ehrenb., Abh. Königal. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1831: 35. 1832.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada), Tamil Nadu

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella subsalsa W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 34. 1853.

 

f. subsalsa

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Shivamogga), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

f. major H.P. Gandhi, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 37: 263. 1958.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella tenera Greg., Quart. J. Micr. Sc. 4: 11. 1856.

 

var. tenera

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Shivamogga, Dharwad, Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. nervosa A. Schmidt, Atlast Diat.  23. 1875.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Shivamogga).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella tenuissima Hust., Atlast Diat.  pl. 299: 15. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Surirella turgida W. Sm., Syn. Brit. Diat. 1: 31. 1853.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Family: THALASSIONEMATACEAE

 

Thalassionema Grunow ex Mereschk.

 

Thalasionema nitzschoides (Grunow) Mereschk., Bot. Zap. (Scr. Bot. Horti. Univ. Imp. Petrop.) 19: 78. 1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Karnataka coast, Dakshina Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Kerala.Odisha, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Thalassiothrix Cleve & Grunow

 

Thalassiothrix elongata Grunow, Syn. Diat. Belg. pl. 37: 9. 1881.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Thalassiothrix longissima Cleve & Grunow, K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl., ser. 4, 17 (2): 108. 1880.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Karnataka coast).

Habitat: Marine.

                                                                                            

Family:  THALASSIOSIRACEAE

 

Thalassiosira Cleve

 

Thalassiosira pseudonana Hasle & Heimdal, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 31: 565. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada).

Habitat: Marine.

 

Thalassiosira subtilis (Ostenfeld) Gran, Nyt. Mag. Naturv. 38: 117. 1900.

Podosira subtilis Ostenfeld, Iagtt. Overflad. Temp. Salthold. Og Plankton: 55. 1899.

Distribution: Karnataka (Karnataka coast), Kerala, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal.

Habitat: Brackish water and marine.

 

Class: Chrysophyceae

 

Family: MALLOMONADACEAE

 

Mallomonas Perty

 

Mallomonas bangladeshica (E. Takah. & T. Hayak.) Asmund & Kristiansen, Opera Bot. 85: 23. 1986.

Mallomonopsis peronoides var. bangladeshica E. Takah. & T.Hayak., Phykos 18: 131. 1979.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mandya), Odisha, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mallomonas costata Dürrschm., Nordic J. Bot. 4: 128. 1984.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Odisha, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mallomonas cyathellata Wujek & Asmund, Phycologia 18: 115. 1979.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru), Bihar.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mallomonas cyathellata var. chilensis Dürrschm., Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 63: 138. 1982.

Distribution:Karnataka (Mysuru, Mandya), Bihar, Haryana, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mallomonas guttata Wujek, Brenesia 22: 310. 1984.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mallomonas mangofera

var. foveata (Dürrschm.) Kristiansen, Chryso. Hapto. Alg.82. 2007.

Mallomonas mangofera f. foveata Dürrschm., Pl. Syst. Evol. 143: 182. 1983.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mandya), Bihar, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. reticulata (Cronberg) Kristiansen, Chryso. Hapto. Alg.82. 2007.

Mallomonas mangofera f. reticulata Cronberg, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 95: 212. 1989.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mandya), Bihar.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mallomonas matvienkoae (Matvienko) Asmund & Kristiansen, Opera Bot. 85: 17. 1986. Mallomonopsis elliptica Matvienko, Trudy Inst. Bot. Kharkov 4: 41. 1941.

 

var. matvienkoae

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. siveri Wujek & L.C. Saha, Nova Hedwigia Beih. 112: 374. 1996.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mallomonas morrisonensis Croome & P.A. Tyler, Brit. Phycol. J. 18: 383. 1983.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Odisha.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mallomonas peronoides (K. Harris) Momeu & L.S. Péterfi, Contr. Bot. Cluj-Napoca 19: 17. 1979.

Mallomonopsis peroneides K. Harris, J. Gen. Microbiol.42: 179. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mysuru, Mandya), Bihar, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mallomonas pseudocratis Dürrschm., Nova Hedwigia 38: 718. 1983.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Mallomonas rasilis Dürrschm., Nordic J. Bot. 3: 424. 1983.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Bihar.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

Family: PARAPHYSOMONADACEAE

 

Paraphysomonas De Saed.

 

Paraphysomonas vestita (A. Stokes) De Saed., Ann. Protistol. 2: 178. 1930.

Physomonas vestita A. Stokes, Amer. J. Sci. 29(3): 313. 1885.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Uttara Kannada), Bihar, Delhi, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater and brackish water.

 

Family: PRYMNESIACEAE

 

Chrysochromulina Lackey

 

Chrysochromulina parva Lackey, Llyodia 2: 137. 1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Haryana.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: SYNURACEAE

 

Synura Ehrenb.

 

Synura curtispina (J.B. Petersen & J.B. Hansen) Asmund, Hydrobiologia 31(3-4): 497. 1968.

Synura spinosa f. curtispina J.B. Petersen & J.B. Hansen, Biol. Meddel. Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. 23(2): 22.1956.         

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mandya, Kodagu), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Jharkhand, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spiniferomonas E. Takah.

 

Spiniferomonas alata E. Takah., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 86: 79. 1973.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spiniferomonas enigmata K.H. Nicholls, Pl. Syst. Evol. 148: 107. 1984.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spiniferomonas septispina K.H. Nicholls, Pl. Syst. Evol. 148: 104. 1984.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Bihar, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Spiniferomonas trioralis E. Takah., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 86: 78. 1973.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru, Mandya), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Class: Dinophyceae

 

Family: Dinotrichaceae

 

Gymnodinium F. Stein

 

Gymnodinium breve C.C. Davis, Bot. Gaz. 109 (3): 358. 1948.

Distribution: Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Marine*

 

 

Family: Peridiniaceae

 

Peridinium Ehrenb.

 

Peridinium divaricatum Meunier, Mém. Mus. Royal Hist. Nat. Belg. 28: 48. 1919.

Distribution: Karnataka, Goa, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Class: Euglenophyceae

 

Family: EUGLENACEAE

 

Euglena Ehrenb.

 

Euglena acus (O.F. Müll.) Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1830: 39. 1830.

Vibrio acus O.F. Müll., Anim.Infus. 59. 1786.

 

var. acus

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. rigida E. Hübner, Progr. ReAlg.Stralsund 9. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Meghalaya.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena convoluta Korshikov, Arch. Protistenk. 95: 23. 1941.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Rajasthan

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena ehrenbergii G.A. Klebs, Untersuch. Bot. Inst. Tübingen 1(2): 304. 1883.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena elastica Prescott, Farlowia 1(3): 365. 1944.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena elongata Schew., Verh. Naturhist.-Med. Vereins Heidelberg. 4(5): 550. 1891.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Jharkhand, Punjab.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena gaumei P. Allorge & M. Lefévre, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 72: 123. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena gracilis G.A. Klebs, Untersuch. Bot. Inst. Tübingen 1(2): 303. 1883.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena limnophila Lemmerm., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 76: 152. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena minuta Prescott, Farlowia 1(3): 365. 1944.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Jharkhand, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena obtusa F. Schmitz, Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 15: 24. 1884.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh                                        .

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena oxyuris Schmarda, KI. Beitr. Nat. Infus. 17. 1846.

 

var. oxyuris

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. minor Deflandre, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 71(4): 119. 1924.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Jharkhand, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena polymorpha P.A. Dang., Botaniste 8: 175. 1901.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur, Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena proxima P.A. Dang., Botaniste 8: 154. 1901.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Chattisgarh, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena sanguinea Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1830: 71. 1830.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena spirogyra Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1830: 72. 1830.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena tripteris (Dujard.) G.A. Klebs, Untersuch. Bot. Inst. Tübingen 1: 306. 1883.

Phacus tripteris Dujard.,Hist. nat. Zoophyt. 338. 1841.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Euglena velata G.A. Klebs, Untersuch. Bot. Inst. Tübingen 1(2): 301. 1883.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lepocinclis Perty

 

Lepocinclis acuta Prescott, Hydrobiologia 2: 89. 1949.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lepocinclis fusiformis (H.J. Carter) Lemmerm., Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 19: 89. 1901. Euglena fusiformis H.J. Carter, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 3: 17. 1859.

 

var. fusiformis

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. amphirhynchus Nygaard, Kongel. Denske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. 7(1): 167. 1950.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lepocinclis glabra Drezep., Kosmos (Lvov) 50: 237. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lepocinclis ovum (Ehrenb.) Lemmerm., Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 19: 88. 1901.

Euglena ovum Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1840: 200. 1840.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lepocinclis playfairiana (Deflandre) Deflandre, Ann. Protist. 3: 227. 1932.

Crumenula playfairiana Deflandre, Arch. Protist. 2: 16. 1929.

 

var. playfairiana

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. minor Philipose, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 93B: 514. 1984.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Lepocinclis sphagnophila Lemmerm., Ark. Bot. 2(2): 124. 1904.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus Deflandre

 

Phacus acuminatus (A. Stokes) Hub.-Pest., Die Binnengew. 4: 192. 1955.

Phacus acuminata A. Stokes, Amer. Monthly Microscop. J. 6: 183.1885.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Gujarat, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus anacoelus A. Stokes, Amer. Naturalist 19: 19. 1885.

 

var. anacoelus

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. undulata (Skvortsov) Skvortsov, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 46: 109. 1928.

Phacus orbicularis var. undulata Skvortsov, Zhurn. Mikrobiol. 4: 65. 1917.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus anomalus var. pullus-gallinae Nygaard, Kongel. Denske. Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. 7(1): 168. 1950.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus atraktoides Pochm., Arch. Protistenk. 95: 219. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus bharatii Hosmani, Phykos 15: 29. 1976.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad); endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus brachykentron Pochm., Arch. Protistenk. 95: 145. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus caudatus K. Hübner, Progr. ReAlg.Stralsund 5. 1886.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus chloroplasets Prescott, Farlowia 1: 367. 1944.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Jammu & Kashmir.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus circumflexus Pochm., Arch. Protistenk. 95: 206. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus curvicauda Svirenko, Arch. Hydrobiol. Planktonk. 10: 333. 1915.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus cylindrus Pochm., Arch. Protistenk. 95: 131. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus ephippion Pochm., Arch. Protistenk. 95: 208. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus helicoides Pochm., Arch. Protistenk. 95: 212. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus indicus Skvortsov, J. Asiat. Soc. Shanghai 53: 191. 1922.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus lemmermannii Svirenko, Arch. Hydrobiol. Planktonk. 10: 334. 1915.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Gujarat.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus longicauda (Ehrenh.) Dujard., Hist. nat. Zoophyt. 337. 1841.

Euglena longicauda Ehrenb., Abh.Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1830: 83. 1830.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus meson Pochm., Arch. Protistenk. 95: 195. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus nordstedtii Lemmerm., Ark. Bot. 2(2): 124. 1904.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus onyx Pochm., Arch. Protistenk. 95: 192. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus orbicularis K. Hübner, Progr. ReAlg.Stralsund 5. 1886.

 

var. orbicularis

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. caudata Skvortsov, Ber. Dentsch. Bot. Ges. 46: 112. 1928.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Himachal Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. zmudae Zumst., Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 34: 151. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus pleuronectes (O.F. Müll.) Nitzsch ex Dujard., Hist. nat. Zoophyt. 336. 1841.

Cercaria pleuronectes O.F. Müll., Verm. terr. Fluv. 1(1): 70. 1773.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus pseudoswirenko Prescott, Farlowia 1: 368. 1944.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Jharkhand.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus pyrum (Ehrenb.) F. Stein, Quart. J. Microscop. Sci. 11: 99. 1871.

Euglena pyrum Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1832: 72. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus segretii var. ovum Prescott, Farlowia 1: 369. 1944.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur), Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus suecicus Lemmerm., Arch. Hydrobiol. 5: 299. 1910.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur), Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus swirenkoi Skvortsov, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 46: 114. 1928.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra, Rajasthan.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus tortus (Lemmerm.) Skvortsov,Bot. Gaz. (London) 85: 93. 1928.

Phacus longicauda var. torta Lemmerm., Kryptogamenflora 3: 511. 1910.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus triqueter (Ehrenb.) Dujard., Hist. nat. Zoophyt. 164. 1852.

Euglena triquetra Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss.Berlin 1834: 249. 1834.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Phacus undulatus (Skvortsov) Pochm.,Arch. Protistenk. 95: 191. 1942.

Phacus orbicularis var. undulata Skvortsov, Zhurn. Mikrobiol. 4: 65. 1917.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Strombomonas Deflandre

 

Strombomonas rangooenensis (Skvortsov) Fott & Komárek, Preslia 32: 136. 1960. Trachelomonas rangoonensis Skvortsov, Arch. Protistenk. 90: 82. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas Ehrenb.

 

Trachelomonas abrupta Svirenko, Arch. Hydrobiol. 9: 638. 1914.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Odisha, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas armata (Ehrenb.) F. Stein, Organ. Infus. 3(i): 154. 1878.

Chaetotyphla armata Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1834: 287.1834.

 

var. armata

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. longispina Playfair, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 40: 25. 1915.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas bulla F. Stein, Organ. Infus. 3(1): 41. 1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas caudata (Ehrenb.) F. Stein, Organ. Infus. 3(1): 13. 1878.

Chaetoglena caudata Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1840: 199. 1840.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur), Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas charkowiensis Svirenko, Trudy Obshch. Isp. Prir. Imp. Khaàkovsk. Univ. 46: 82. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas girardiana (Playfair) Playfair, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 46: 134. 1921.

Trachelomonas urceolata var. girardiana Playfair, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 39: 32. 1915.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas hexangulata Svirenko, Arch. Hydrobiol. 9: 646. 1914.

 

var. hexangulata

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. repanda Prescott, Farlowia 1: 370. 1944.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas hispida (Perty) F. Stein, Org. Infus. 3 (1): 20. 1878.

Chonemonas hispida Perty, Mitt. Naturf. Ges. Bern. 1849: 29. 1849.

 

var. hispida

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur), Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. coronata Lemmerm., Pascher, Süsswasserflora 2: 150. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas horrida T.C. Palmer, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 57: 674. 1905.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Jharkhand

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas lacustris Drezep., Kosmos (Lvov) 50: 217. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas niklewskii Drezep., Kosmos (Lvov) 50: 219. 1925.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas playfairi Deflandre, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 71: 1125. 1924.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur), Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas robusta Svirenko emend. Deflandre, Arch. Hydrobiol. 9: 636. 1914.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas similis A. Stokes, Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 28: 76. 1890.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur), Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas superba Svirenko, Arch. Hydrobiol. 9: 642. 1914.

 

var. superba

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Bihar, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. duplex Deflandre, Rev. Gén. Bot. 38: 658. 1926.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. spinosa Prescott, Farlowia 1: 370. 1944.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur).

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. swirenkiana Deflandre, Rev. Gén. Bot. 38: 657. 1927.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas varians Skvortsov, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 44: 611. 1927.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur), Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Trachelomonas volvocina (Ehrenb.) Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1833: 315. 1833.

Microglena volvocina Ehrenb., Abh. Königl. Akad.Wiss. Berlin 1831: 64. 1831.

 

var. volvocina

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Bijapur), Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. derephora W. Conrad, Ann. Biol. Lacustre 8: 201. 1916.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bijapur), Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

var. punctata Playfair, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 40: 9. 1915.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Gujarat, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Family: PERANEMACEAE

 

Astasia Dujard.

 

Astasia klebsii Lemmerm., Kryptogamenflora 3(1): 540. 1910.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad), Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Class: PHAEOPHYCEAE

 

Family: Acinetosporaceae

 

Giffordia Batters

 

Giffordia mitchelliae (Harvey) G. Hamel, Bot. Not.1939: 66. 1939.

Ectocarpus mitchelliae Harvey, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3(4): 142. 1852.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Hincksia J.E. Gray

 

Hincksia mitchelliae (Harvey) P.C. Silva & al., Smithsonian Contr. Mar. Sci. 27: 73. 1987. Ectocarpus mitchelliae Harvey, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3(4): 142. 1852.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

Family: Chordariaceae

 

Hamelella Børgesen

 

Hamelella dermonematis (Børgesen) K. Srinivas. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 7: 242.1965. Ectocarpus dermonematisBørgesen, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 16: 18. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: Dictyotaceae

 

Dictyota J.V. Lamour.

 

Dictyota bartayresiana J.V. Lamour., J. Bot. (Desvaux) 2: 43. 1809.

Distribution: Karnataka

Habitat: Marine*

 

Dictyota dichotoma (Hud.) J.V. Lamour., J. Bot. (Desvaux) 2: 42. 1809.

Ulva dichotoma Hud., Fl. Angl. 476. 1762.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Dictyota dumosa Børgesen, Biol. Medd. Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. 12 (2): 37. 1935.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Dictyota fasciola (Roth) J.V. Lamour., J. Bot. (Desvaux) 2: 43. 1809.

Fucus fasciola Roth, Catal. bot. 146. 1797.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Dictyota maxima Zanardini, Mém. RealeIst. Veneto Sci., Lett. Arti.17: 132. 1872.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Dilophus J. Agardh

 

Dilophus fasciola (Roth) M.A. Howe, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 72. 1914.

Fucus fasciola Roth Catal. bot. 146. 1797.

Distribution: Karnataka

Habitat: Marine*

 

Lobophora J. Agardh

 

Lobophora variegata (J.V. Lamour.) Womersl ex E.C. Oliveira, Algas. Marinh. Bent. Brasil. 217. 1977. 

Dictyota variegata J.V. Lamour., J. Bot. (Desvaux) 2: 40. 1809.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Padina Adanson

 

Padina gymnospora (Kütz.) Sonder, Abh. Naturw. Ver. Hamburg 5(2): 47. 1871.

Zonaria gymnospora Kütz., Tab. phycol. 9: 29. 1859.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Padina tetrastromatica Hauck, Hedwigia 25: 43. 1887.

Distribution: Karnataka

Habitat: Marine*

 

Spatoglossum Kütz.

 

Spatoglossum asperum J. Agardh, Anal. Cont. 29 (9): 36. 1894.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Stoechospermum Kütz.

 

Stoechospermum marginatum (C. Agardh) Kütz., Phycol. general. 339. 1843.

Zonaria marginata C. Agardh, Syst. Alg.266. 1824.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: Ralfsiaceae

 

Ralfsia Berkeley

 

Ralfsia ceylanica Harvey ex Barton, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 35: 477. 1903.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

 

Family:Sargassaceae

 

Sargassum C. Agardh

 

Sargassum cinereum J. Agardh, Sp. Alg.305. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Sargassum ilicifolium (Turner) C. Agardh, Sp. Alg.11. 1820.

Fucus ilicifolius Turner, Fuci. 1: 113. 1807.

Distribution: Karnataka

Habitat: Marine*

 

Sargassum tenerrimum J. Agardh, Sp. Alg.305. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Sargassum myriocystum J. Agardh, Sp. Alg.314. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*.

 

Sargassum wightii Greville ex J. Agardh, Sp. Alg.329. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Sargassum cinereum J. Agardh, Sp. Alg.305. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

                                                       Turbinaria J.V. Lamour.        

 

Turbinaria ornate (Turner) J. Agardh, Sp. Alg.266. 1848.

Fucus turbinatus var. ornata Turner, Fuci. 1: 50. 1807.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: Scytosiphonaceae

 

Colpomenia (Endlicher) Derbès & Solier

 

Colpomenia sinuosa (Mertens ex Roth) Derbès & Solier, Suppl. Cata. Pl. Natur. Mars. 95. 1851.

Ulva sinuosa Mertens ex Roth, Catal. Bot. 3: 327. 1806.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

Family: Sphacelariaceae

 

Sphacelaria Lyngbye

 

Sphacelaria rigidula Kütz., Phycol. general. 292. 1843.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Sphacelaria furcigera Kütz., Tab. phycol. 5: 27. 1855.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

 

Class: RHODOPHYCEAE

 

Family: Acrochaetiaceae

 

Acrochaetium Nägeli

 

Acrochaetium godwardense R.J. Patel, Rev. Algol. Ser. 2, 10: 33. 1970.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

Family: Bangiaceae

 

Bangia Lyngbye

 

Bangia atropurpurea (Mertens ex Roth) C. Agardh, Syst. Alg.76. 1824.

Conferva atropurpurea Mertens ex Roth, Catal. bot. 3: 208. 1806.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Bangia virescens Foslie, Troms Mus. Aarsh.13: 62. 1890.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

Porphyra C. Agardh

 

Porphyra vietnamensis T. Tanaka & Pham-Hoáng Ho, Mem. Fac. Fish. Kagoshima Univ. 11: 34. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family BATRACHOSPERMACEAE

 

Kumanoa Entwisle

 

Kumanoa dasyphylla (Skuja ex M.S.Balakr. & Chaugule) Ganesan & J. A. West, Alagae 28(1): 49. 2013.

Batrachospermum dasyphyllum Skuja ex M.S.Balakr. & Chaugule in Desikachary & V.N.R.Rao, Taxon. Algae 230. 1980

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); endemic

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Kumanoa iyengarii (Skuja ex M.S.Balakr. & Chaugule) Ganesan & J. A. West, Alagae 28(1): 49. 2013.

 Batrachospermum iyengarii Skuja ex M.S.Balakr. & Chaugule in Desikachary, T. V. & V.N. R. Rao, Taxon. Algae 232. 1980

Distribution: Karnataka (Belgavi), Andhra Pradesh;endemic.

Habitat: Freshwater

 

Kumanoa zeylanica (Skuja ex M.S.Balakr. & Chaugule) Ganesan & J. A. West, Alagae 28(1): 49. 2013.

Batrachospermum zeylanicum Skuja ex M.S.Balakr. & Chaugule in Desikachary & V.N.R. Rao, Taxon. Algae 235. 1980

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga); Sri Lanka.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Sirodotia Kylin

 

Sirodotia cirrhosa Skuja ex M.S.Balakr. & B.B.Chaugule in Desikachary & V.N.R. Rao Taxon. Algae 242, 244, f.17-21. 1980.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Assam; Myanmar.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Sirodotia huillensis (Welw. ex West & G.S.West) Skuja, Arch. Protistenkunde 74:  304, pl.8,f. 1-20. 1931; M.S.Balakr. & Chaugule in Desikachary & V.N.R. Rao Taxon. Algae 242, 244, f. 17-21. 1980.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi), Goa, Maharashtra; China.S Africa,

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

 

 

Family: Ceramiaceae

 

Centroceras Kütz.

 

Centroceras clavulatum (C. Agardh) Mont., Expl. Sci. Alg. Pend., Bot. 140. 1846. Ceramium clavulatum C. Agardh, Syn. Plant. 1: 2. 1822.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Ceramium Roth

 

Ceramium cimbricum H.E. Petersen, Kongel. Danske Vid. Sel. Skr. 7: 378. 1924.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Ceramium fastigiatum Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 3: 463. 1800.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: Champiaceae

 

Champia Desvaux

 

Champia parvula (C. Agardh) Harvey, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 5(5): 76. 1853.

Chondria parvula C. Agardh, Syst. 207. 1824.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: Corallinaceae

 

Amphiroa J.V. Lamour.

 

Amphiroa fragillima J.V. Lamour., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 18: 124. 1842.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

Cheilosporum (Decaisne) Zanardini

 

Cheilosporum spectabile Harvey ex Grunow, J. Mus. Godeffroy (Hamburg) 3: 41. 1873.

Distribution: Marine* – Karnataka.

Habitat: Freshwater.

 

Jania J.V. Lamour.

 

Jania adhaerens J.V. Lamour., Hist. Polyp. Corall. Vulg. Zoop. 270. 1816.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: Cystocloniaceae

 

Hypnea J.V. Lamour.

 

Hypnea cervicornis J. Agardh, Sp. Alg.451. 1851.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J.V. Lamour., Ann, Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 20: 131. 1813.  Fucus musciformis Wulfen, Coll. Bot. 154. 1791.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Hypnea pannosa J. Agardh, Öfvers. Kongal. Vet. -Akad. Förh. 4: 14. 1847.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Hypnea valentiae (D. Turner) Mont. Hist. Nat. Can. 161. 1841.

Fucus valentiae D. Turner Fuci. 2: 17. 1808.

Distribution:Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: Delesseriaceae

 

Caloglossa (Harvey) G. Martens

Caloglossa leprieurii (Mont.) G. Martens, Flora 52: 234. 1869.

Delesseria leprieurii Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., Ser.2. 13: 196. 1840.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Taenioma J. Agardh

 

Taenioma nanum (Kütz.) G.F. Papenfuss, J. South African Bot. 17: 179. 1952.

Polysiphonia nana Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 13: 10. 1863.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

 

Family: Gelidiaceae

 

Gelidium J.V. Lamour.

 

Gelidium micropterum Kütz., Tab. Phycol. 18: 21. 1868.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Gelidium pusillum (Stackhouse) Le Jolis, Mém. Soc. Imp. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 10: 139. 1863.

Fucus pusillusStackhouse, Ner. Brit. 16. 1795.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

Familly: Gelidiellaceae

 

Gelidiella Feldmann & G. Hamel.

 

Gelidiella acerosa (Forssk.) Feldmann & G. Hamel., Rev. Gén. Bot. 46: 533. 1934.

Fucus acerosus Forssk., Fl. Aegypti. arab. 190. 1775.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: Gracilariaceae

 

Gracilaria Greville

 

Gracilaria corticata (J. Agardh) J. Agardh, Sp. Alg.602. 1852.

Rhodomenia corticata J. Agardh, Linnaea 15(1): 14. 1841.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Gracilaria edulis (S.G. Gmelin) P.C. Silva, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 25: 293. 1952.

Fucus edulis S.G. Gmelin, Hist. fuc. 113. 1768.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Gracilaria foliifera (Forssk.) Børgesen, Dansk. Bot. Ark. 8 (2): 7. 1932.

Fucus foliifera Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 191. 1775.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Gracilariopsis E.Y. Dawson

 

Gracilariopsis lemaneiformis (Bory) E.Y. Dawson & al., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 13: 59. 1964.

Gigartina lemaneiformis Bory, Voy. Coquille 151. 1828.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: Halymeniaceae

 

                                                        Grateloupia C. Agardh              

 

Grateloupia filicina (J.V. Lamour.) C. Agardh, Sp. Alg.223. 1822.

Delesseria filicina J.V. Lamour., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat, (Paris) 20: 125. 1813.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

 

Grateloupia lithophila Børgesen, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 17: 215. 1938.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

Family: Lomentariaceae

 

Gelidiopsis F. Schmitz

 

Gelidiopsis variabilis (Greville ex J. Agardh) F. Schmitz, Bot. Jahrb. 21: 148. 1895. Gelidium variabilis Greville ex J. Agardh , Sp. Alg.2 (2): 468. 1851.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

 

Family: Rhodomelaceae

 

Acanthophora J.V. Lamour.

 

Acanthophora spicifera (M. Vahl) Børgesen, Bot. Tidsskr. 30: 201. 1910.

Fucus spicifera M. Vahl, Skr. Nat. -Selsk. 5(2): 44. 1802.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Bryocladia F. Schmitz

 

Bryocladia thwaitesii (Harvey ex J. Agardh) DeToni, Syll. Alg.968. 1903.

Polysiphonia thwaitesii Harvey ex J. Agardh, Sp. Alg.955. 1863.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Chondria C. Agardh

Chondriaarmata (Kütz.) Okamura. Icon. Jap. Alg.1:' 69. 1907.

Lophura armataKütz., Tab Phycol. 16: 2. 1866.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Laurencia J.V. Lamour.

 

Laurencia papillosa (C. Agardh) Greville, Alg.Brit. 52. 1830.

Chondria papillosa C. Agardh, Sp. Alg.1: 344. 1822.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Polysiphonia Greville

 

Polysiphonia atlantica Kapraun & J.N. Norris, Smithsonian Contr. Mar. Sci. 12: 226. 1982.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Polysiphonia macrocarpa (C. Agardh) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 4(1): 350. 1827.

Hutchinsia macrocarpa C. Agardh, Syst Alg.157. 1824.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Family: Rhodymeniaceae

 

Rhodymenia Greville

 

Rhodymenia australis Sonder, Bot. Zeit. 3: 56. 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

Rhodymenia sonderi P.C. Silva & al., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 79: 370. 1996.

Distribution: Karnataka.

Habitat: Marine*

 

 

Class: XANTHOPHYCEAE

 

Family: HETEROCAPSACEAE

 

Botryococcus Kütz.

 

Botryococcus braunii Kütz., Sp. Alg. 892. 1849.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga, Dharwad), Andaman & Nicobar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Habitat: Freshwater.

---------------------------------------

 *  No specific locality was given by the authors in the records from terrestrial and marine habitats.

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

Agadi, V.V. 1985. Distribution of marine algae in the littoral zone of the Karnataka coast. In: Marine Plants (Eds. V. Krishnamurthy and A.G. Untawale). Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Chennai. pp. 35-42.

 

Airsang, R.V. and H.C. Lakshman, 2013. Diversity of Chlorophyceae related to physic- chemical parameters in Shetter Lake of Navalgund, Dharwad district in Karnataka – India. Sci. Res. Rep. 3 (2): 129-134.

 

Alakananda, B., Mahesh, M. K., Hamilton, P. B., Supriya, G., Karthick,  B. & Ramachandra, T. V. 2012. Two new species of Nitzschia (Bacillariophyta) from shallow wetlands of Peninsular India. Phytotaxa 54: 13–25.

Anand, N. 1998. Indian freshwater microalgae. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun.

 

Angadi, S.B. 1990. Algal floristic composition of some cultivated soils of Karnataka state, India. In: Perspectives in Phycology (Ed. V.N. Rajarao). Today and Tomorrow's printers and publishers, New Delhi. pp. 417-421.

 

Angadi, S.B., N. Shiddamallayya and P.C. Patil, 2005. Limnological studies of Papnash pond, Bidar (Karnataka).  J. Environm. Biol. 26: 213-216.

 

Basavarajappa, S.H., N.S. Raju, S.P. Hosmani and S.R. Niranjana, 2010. Algal diversity and physico-chemical parameters in Hadhinaru lake, Mysore, Karnataka State, India. The Bioscan 5: 377-382.

 

Bharati, S.G. 1965. A systematic survey of the Desmids of the Bombay-Karnataka. Pt. I. J. Karnataka Univ. Sci. 9: 2-8.

 

Bharati, S.G. 1965. Micrasterias equastriellopsis sp. nov. – An interesting new species of the genus Micrasterias. Rev. Algol. 1: 43-45.

 

Bharati, S.G. 1965. On some interesting algae from Kumta, N. Kanara. Phykos 4 (1&2): 71-74.

 

Bharati, S.G. 1966. A systematic survey of the Desmids of the Bombay-Karnataka. Pt. II. J. Karnataka Univ. Sci. 11: 174-182.

 

Bharati, S.G. 1971. Zygospore formation in some species of Desmids of Bombay-Karnataka. J. Karnataka Univ. Sci. 16: 105-113.

 

Bharati, S.G. and G.R. Hegde, 1979. A systematic account of Chlorococcales of Hassan district, Karnataka state, India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 76: 545-547.

 

Bharati, S.G. and G.R. Hegde, 1982. Desmids of Karnataka State and Goa - Part I. Phykos 21: 143-149.

 

Bharati, S.G. and K.M. Pai, 1972. On the occurrence of some Oedogoniaceae in certain soils of Mysore state. J. Karnataka Univ. Sci. 17: 132-139.

 

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