Last modified at 10/05/2018 12:46 by System Account

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BRYOPHYTES OF KARNATAKA : A CHECKLIST

 

D. K. Singh1*, S. K. Singh2& D. Singh1

1 Botanical Survey of India, C.G.O. Complex, Salt Lake Sector I, Kolkata 700 064

2 Botanical Survey of India, Eastern Regional Centre, Shillong 793 003

*Present adress: Flat No. 305, Block D, Saraswati Apartment,                                  Gomtinagar Extension Sector 4,Lucknow 226 010

 

Support

 

R.N.M. Sahai, Chairman

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

 

R. K. Singh, Member Secretary

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

 

Government of Karnataka

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

(Forest, Ecology and Environment Department)

Ground Floor, "Vanavikas"'18th Cross, Malleshwaram

Bengaluru 560003

Introduction

 

          The bryophytes are the first invaders of the terrestrial habitat, hence represent a 'key' group in our understanding of the early land plant evolution. They display high species diversity and are the second largest group of land plants – the embryophytes, next only to the Angiosperms. With ecologically persistent and photosynthetically independent haploid phase, short life-cycle and easy availability, bryophytes constitute ideal study organisms for various experimental researches. But, the lack of adequate knowledge of their taxonomy/floristics and ecology has has been the major impediment in using these plants as experimental material. India, by virtue of its great geographical expanse, vast coastline and varied phyto-climatic conditions, harbours a rich liverwort and hornwort flora both in luxuriance and diversity (Singh, 2001). The Eastern Himalaya, Western Ghats and the Western Himalaya are the major centres of diversity of these plants in the country.

          The coastal plain and the Western Ghat portion of Karnataka present very congenial conditions of growth for a rich flora and the liverworts and hornworts are no exception. Yet, there had been no concerted effort to systematically explore and document the bryoflora of the State in general and liverworts and hornworts in particular. While the bryological explorations in Karnataka dates as back as 1892, the taxonomical studies on liverworts and hornworts commenced little later with the identification of collections made by Rev. I. Pfleiderer from Mangalore and its vicinity in Southern Karnataka. Other collectors who made notable bryophyte collections from the State include G.A. Gammie, A.E. Lowrie, T.L. Walker, S.R. Kashyap, R.M. Maxwell, L.J. Sedgwick, G. Foreau, S.K. Pande, H.C. Gangulee, Ram Udar, S.C. Srivastava, Vinod Chandra, Dinesh Kumar, Virendra Nath, Dhirendra Kumar, U.S. Awasthi, Adarsh Kumar, Deepak Sharma, U. Schwarz, J.-P. Frahm (2013), however, reveals that these explorations were not only sporadic in nature, but  largely confined to certain bryologically rich niches alone, and hence lacked both in intensity and the extent. The information available today on the diversity and distribution of these plants in the State is based largely on periodical publications, emnating from the school of bryology at the University of Lucknow established by late Prof. S.K. Pande and nurtured by late Prof. Ram Udar and his students, and the taxonomic revisions which cover the taxa from Karnataka as well (Ahmad, 1942; Pande & Misra, 1943; Pande & Srivastava, 1953; Pande et al., 1954; Pande & Udar, 1958; Srivastava, 1965; Srivastava & Udar, 1975a, 1975b, 1976; Awasthi, 1986; Kruijt, 1988; Asthana & Srivastava, 1991; Sharma & Srivastava, 1993; Asthana et al., 1995; Srivastava & Dixit, 1996; Awasthi et al., 2000;  Singh, 2002; Srivastava & Srivastava, 2002; Asthana & Srivastava, 2003; Long, 2006; Dey et al., 2013; Frahm et al., 2013 ; Schwarz, 2013 ; Schwartz & Frahm, 2013).

*The mosses were compiled by M. Sanjappa (CSIR Emeritus Scientist, Botanical Garden. University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru 560065) based Frahm, J.-P., Schwarz, U. & Manju C.N. 2013. A checklist of the mosses of Karnataka, India. Arch. Bryol.158: 1 – 15. 

 

​Synopsis of the checklist

 

          The present checklist is based on the literature available to the authors and is divided into three parts, Anthocerotophyta, or the hornworts, Marchantiophyta, or the liverworts, and Bryophyta, or the mosses. The genera of liverworts have been arranged as per the system of classification proposed by Crandall-Stotler et al. (2009), with certain modifications, that of hornworts after Duff et al. (2007), whereas and those of mosses are arranged after Goffinent et al. (2008). The families under each group and the genera and species within each family or the genus are arranged alphabetically. Each record has been provided with currently accepted name, its author(s) name and nomenclatural citation, followed by basionyms and synonyms, if any, and their citation. 

            A total of 263species, including infraspecific taxa, have been assigned to 128genera in 58 families, of which eight species under four genera and two families belong to orders Anthocerotales (Anthocerotaceae) and Notothyladales (Notothyladaceae) of hornworts, 106 taxa belonging to 43 genera and 24 families of orders Marchantiales (Aytoniaceae, Cyathodiaceae, Dumortieraceae, Marchantiaceae, Ricciaceae, Targioniaceae), Metzgeriales (Aneuraceae, Fossombroniaceae, Metzgeriaceae, Pallaviciniaceae), Porellales (Frullaniaceae,

Table 1. Synopsis of the checklist of bryophytes of Karnataka

PhylumOrderFamilyGenusSpecies*Endemics

 

Anthocerotophyta

(Hornworts)

 

Anthocerotales

 

1

 

2

 

4

Anthoceros bharadwajii

Folioceros dixitianus

Folioceros mangaloreus

Notothyladales124 Notothylas pfleidereri

 

 

Marchantiophyta

(Liverworts)

Marchantiales6715 
Metzgeriales458

Fossombronia indica

Metzgeria coorgense

 

 

Porellales

 

 

5

 

 

20

 

 

64

Cololejeunea epiphylla

Cololejeunea karnatakensis

Cololejeunea kashyapii

Cololejeunea mizutaniana

Lejeunea kudremukhensis

Jungermanniales91119 Phycolepidozia indica

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bryophyta

(Mosses)

Archidiales111 
Bartramiales114 

 

Bryales

 

1

 

5

 

18

Brachymenium bryoides

Brachymenium turgidum

Brachymenium walkeri

Hypnales124159 
Dicranales61236 
Hookeriales455 
Funariales124 
Orthotrichales114 
Polytrichales123 
Pottiales1813 Barbula dharvarensis
Hypnodendrales111 
Splachnales111 
03 18 58 128 263 17

*Including infra-specific taxa (subspecies and varieties)

Jubulaceae, Lejeuneaceae, Porellaceae, Radulaceae) and Jungermanniales (Arnelliaceae, Cephaloziellaceae, Geocalycaceae, Herbertaceae, Lepidoziaceae, Lophocoleaceae, Mastigophoraceae, Plagiochilaceae,  Solenostomataceae) of liverworts, and the rest to orders Archidiales (Archidiaceae), Bartramiales (Bartramiaceae), Bryales (Bryaceae), Hypnales (Brachytheciaceae, Cryphaeaceae, Entodontaceae, Hypnaceae, Meteoriaceae, Myriniaceae, Neckeraceae,  Pterobryaceae, Sematophyllaceae, Stereophyllaceae, Symphyodontaceae, Thuidiaceae), Dicranales (Bruchiaceae, Dicranaceae, Ditrichaceae, Fissidentaceae, Leucobryaceae, Calymperaceae), Hookeriales (Daltoniaceae, Leucomiaceae, Hookeriaceae, Pilotrichaceae), Funariales (Funariaceae), Orthotrichales (Orthotrichaceae), Polytrichales (Polytrichaceae), Pottiales (Pottiaceae), Hypnodendrales (Racopilaceae), Splachnales (Meesiaceae, Splachnaceae) of mosses (Table 1).

          Lejeuneaceae, with 16 genera and 51 species, is the most prolific family in the State, followed by Bryaceae (05 genera, 18 species), Fissidentaceae (18 species), Pottiaceae (08 genera, 13 species),and Meteoriaceae (10 genera, 11 species) (Table 2). Whereas, 19families (09liverworts and 10 mosses) are represented by just a single genus and species in the State. Similarly, liverwort Cololejeuneawith 20 species is the most dominant genus of bryophytes in Karnataka,followed by Fissidens (18 species), Bryum(10 species), Lejeunea (09 species), and Frullania  (08  species) (Table 2). On the other end of the spectrum,80genera (24 liverworts and 56 mosses) are represented by just a single species in the State.

 

Table 2. Prolific families and genera of bryophytes in Karnataka

Families No. of genera No. of species Genera No. of species
Lejeuneaceae1651 Cololejeunea20
Bryaceae518 Fissidens18
Fissidentaceae118 Bryum10
Pottiaceae914 Lejeunea9
Meteoriaceae1011 Frullania8
Hypnaceae59 Plagiochila6
Pterobryaceae39 Pterobryopsis6
Dicranaceae48 Barbula5
Frullaniaceae18 Riccia5

 

            Four species of hornworts, viz. Anthoceros bharadwajii, Folioceros dixitianus, F. mangaloreus and N. pfleidereri, eight species of liverworts, viz. Fossombronia indica, Cololejeunea epiphylla, C. karnatakensis, C. kashyapii, C. mizutaniana, Lejeunea kudremukhensis, Metzgeria coorgense and Phycolepidozia indica, and four mosses,Barbula dharvarensis, Brachymenium bryoides, Brachymenium turgidum and Brachymenium walker,are endemic to the country. While Notothylas pandei, Cololejeunea epiphylla, C. karnatakensis,Phycolepidozia indica and Barbula dharvarensisare narrow endemics confined to Karnataka alone, Cololejeunea marginata, C. sigmoidea, Colura lerati,Drepanolejeunea pentadactyla and Sematophyllum tristiculumare known in Indian bryoflora from the State only. On the other hand, Notothylas dissecta, which was originally described from Guatemala and later discovered in Indian bryoflora from Western Ghats of Karnataka, and Phycolepidozia (with the only other species, P. exigua R.M.Schust. occurring in tropical South America)show trans-oceanic, amphi-Pacific disjunct distribution between South-east Asia and the Neotropics of considerable phytogeographical significance.

          Notothylas pandei is extremely rare and known through its type only collected from Jog falls (Shivamoga District) in the Western Ghats region of the State in 1962.

 

Enumeration

 

Anthocerotophyta(Hornworts)

 

Anthocerotaceae

 

AnthocerosL.

 

Anthoceros bharadwajii Udar & A.K. Asthana, Proc. Indian Natl. Sci. Acad., B 51: 484. 1985.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh,  Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, endemic (Asthana & Srivastava, 1991), endemic.

 

Anthoceros subtilis Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 1003. 1916.

Anthoceros notothyloides Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 426. 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Assam, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Rajastathan (Stephani, 1916; Udar & Singh, 1979a; Asthana & Srivastava, 1991; Verma et al., 2014).

 

FoliocerosD.C.Bharadwaj

 

Folioceros dixitianus (Mahab.) D.C. Bhardwaj, Geophytology 5: 227.1975.

Aspiromitus dixitianus Mahab., Curr. Sci. 10: 532. 1941.

Anthoceros dixitianus (Mahab.) Prosk., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 78: 347. 1951.

Aspiromitus fergussoni Apte & Sane, J. Univ. Bombay 10(5): 80-85. 1942.

Anthoceros fergussoni (Apte & Sane) Prosk., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 78: 347. 1951.

Distribution: Karnataka (Belagavi, Dakshina Kannada, Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Maharashtra (Asthana & Srivastava, 1991; Schwartz, 2013), endemic.

 

Folioceros mangaloreus (Steph.) D.C. Bharadwaj, Geophytology 3: 216. 1973.

Aspiromitus mangaloreus Steph., Sp. Hepat.5:967.1916.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bengaluru, Dakshina Kannada, Shivamogga), Gujarat, endemic (Chopra, 1938; Asthana & Srivastava, 1991), endemic.

 

Notothyladaceae

 

NotothylasSull. ex A. Gray

 

NotothylasdissectaSteph. Sp. Hepat.5: 1020. 1917.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Meghalaya (Udar & Singh, 1979a; Singh 2002).

 

NotothylaspandeiUdar&V.Chandra,Geophytology 7: 142. 1977.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), endemic (Udar & Chandra, 1977; Singh, 2002).

 

NotothylaspfleidereriUdar&D.K.Singh, Lindbergia 5: 28. 1979.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Gujarat, Maharashtra, endemic (Udar & Singh, 1979b, 1981; Singh 2002), endemic.

 

PhaeocerosProsk.

 

Phaeoceros laevis (L.) Prosk., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 78: 347. 1951.

Anthoceros laevis L., Sp. pl. 1139. 1753.

Phaeoceros laevisProsk. subsp. laevis, Rap. &  Comm. VIII Congr. Int. Bot. Paris 14-16: 69. 1954.

Anthoceros indicus Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 1002. 1916.

Anthoceros longii Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 1003. 1916.

Phaeoeeros butlerii (Steph.) Udar & D.K.Singh, Geophytology 11: 257. 1981.

Anthoceros butleri Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 986. 1916.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Manipur, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Asthana & Srivastava, 1991; Schwartz,2013).

 

Marchantiophyta(Liverworts)

 

Arnelliaceae

 

GongylanthusNees

 

Gongylanthus himalayensis Grolle, Khumbu Himal. 1(4): 285. 1966.

Gongylanthus indicusS.C.Srivast. & P.K.Verma, Indian J. Forest. 28: 201. 2005; U.Schwarz, Arch. Bryol. 181: 10. 2013.

Karnataka (Kodagu), Tamil Nadu, endemic (Schwarz & Frahm, 2013).

 

Aneuraceae

 

AneuraDumort.

 

Aneura pinguis(L.) Dumort., Comm. Bot. 115. 1822.

Jungermannia pinguis L., Sp. Pl. 1136. 1753

Riccardia indica (Steph. ex Kashyap) Pande & K.P.Srivast., J. Indian Bot. Soc. 37: 417. 1958.

Aneura indica Steph. ex Kashyap, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 25: 280.1917.

Distribution:Karnataka (Bengaluru), Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Chopra, 1938).

 

RiccardiaGray

 

Riccardia levieriSchiffn., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 49: 130. 1899.

Aneura levieri Schiffn. ex Steph., Sp. Hepat.1: 261. 1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bengaluru, Dakshna Kannada), Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Chopra, 1938).

 

Aytoniaceae

 

AsterellaP.Beauv.

 

Asterella khasyana(Griff.) Pande, K. P. Srivast. & Sultan Khan, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 11: 8. 1954 'khasiana'.

Octokepos khasyanus Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 2: 343. 1849.

Fimbraria khasyana (Griff.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 126. 1861.

Fimbraria butleri Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 12. 1917.

Asterella butleri (Steph.) Parihar, Annot. Rev. Cen. Indian Hepat.Univ. Allahabad Stud. Bot. Sect. 1961-62: 27. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Singh et al., 2010).

 

Asterella leptophylla (Mont.) Pande, K. P. Srivast. & Sultan Khan ex Grolle, Feddes Repert. 87: 246.1976.

Fimbraria leptophylla Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 2, 18: 16.1842.

Fimbraria reticulata Kashyap, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 25: 279. 1917.

Asterella reticulata (Kashyap) Pande, K. P. Srivast. & Sultan Khan ex Kachroo, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 19: 4. 1958 nom. illeg.  non A. reticulata A. Evans.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Verma & Srivastava, 2011).

 

Asterella wallichiana (Lehm. & Lindenb.) Pande, K. P. Srivast. & Sultan Khan ex Grolle, Khumbu Himal. 1(4): 262.1966.[Plate 1: A, B]

Fimbraria wallichiana Lehm. & Lindenb. in  Lehm., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 4. 1832.

Fimbraria sanguinea Lehm. & Lindenb. in Lehm., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 5. 1832.

Asterella sanguinea (Lehm. & Lindenb.) Pande, K. P. Srivast. & Sultan Khan ex Kachroo, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 19: 4. 1958.

Fimbraria nepalensis Taylor, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 387. 1837.

Asterella nepalensis (Taylor) Pande, K.P. Srivast. & Sultan Khan ex Kachroo, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 19: 3. 1958.

Fimbraria angusta Steph., Sp. Hepat.1: 104. 1899.

Asterella angusta (Steph.) Mahab. & Bhate, J. Univ. Bombay 13: 5. 1945.

Fimbraria gangetica Kashyap, Liverw. W. Himal. suppl. 1: 5.1932.

Asterella gangetica (Kashyap) Parihar, Annot. Rev. Cen. Indian Hepat.Univ. Allahabad Stud. Bot. Sect. 1961-1962: 27. 1962.

Fimbraria maculata Steph., Sp. Hepat.1: 104. 1899.

Asterella maculata (Steph.) Parihar, Annot. Rev. Cen. Indian Hepat.Univ. Allahabad Stud. Bot. Sect. 1961-1962: 27. 1962.

Fimbraria gollanii Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 13. 1917. 'gollani'

Asterella gollanii (Steph.) Pande, K. P. Srivast. & Sultan Khan ex Parihar, Annot. Rev. Cen. Indian Hepat.Univ. Allahabad Stud. Bot. Sect. 1961-1962: 27.1962.

Fimbraria indica Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 14. 1917.

Asterella indica (Steph.) Parihar, Annot. Rev. Cen. Indian Hepat.Univ. Allahabad Stud. Bot. Sect. 1961-1962: 27. 1962.

Fimbraria mescarana Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 15. 1917.

Asterella mescarana (Steph.) Parihar, Annot. Rev. Cen. Indian Hepat.Univ. Allahabad Stud. Bot. Sect. 1961-1962: 28. 1962. 'mercarana'.

Fimbraria mysorensis R. S. Chopra, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 7 B: 241. 1938.

Asterella mysorensis (R. S. Chopra) Pande, K. P. Srivast. & Sultan Khan ex Kachroo & Bapna, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 56: 75. 1977.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Hassan, Kodagu, Mysuru, Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Long, 2006; Schwarz & Frahm, 2013).

 

RebouliaRaddi

 

Reboulia hemisphaerica (L.) Raddi, Opusc. Sci. 2(6): 357. 1818.

Marchantia hemisphaerica L., Sp. Pl. 1138. 1753.

Reboulia hemisphaerica var. pangiensis Kashyap, Liverw. W. Himal. 1: 74. 1929.

Mindal pangiensis Kashyap, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 346. 1916.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Singh et al., 2010).

 

 

Cephaloziellaceae

 

CylindrocoleaR.M.Schust.

 

Cylindrocolea kiaeri (Austin) Váňa, Phytotaxa 112: 2. 2013.

Cephaloziella kiaeri(Austin) Douin, Mem. Soc. Bot. France 29: 69. 1920.

Jungermannia kiaerii Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6: 18. 1875.

Cephalozia andreana Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 434. 1924.

Cephalozia willisana Steph., Sp. Hepat.3: 306. 1906.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu (Chopra, 1938; Udar & Kumar, 1985; Schwartz, 2013).

 

PhycolepidoziaR.M.Schust.

 

Phycolepidozia indica Gradst., J.-P.Frahm & U.Schwarz, Taxon 63: 499. 2014.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Gradstein, et al., 2014), endemic.

 

Cyathodiaceae

 

CyathodiumKunze

 

Cyathodium cavernarumKunze ex Lehm., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 6: 18. 1834.

Cyathodium barodae Chav., Bryologist 11: 57. 1937.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Goa, Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Srivastava & Dixit, 1996).

 

Cyathodium smaragdinum Schiffn., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, Suppl. 3 (2): 480. 1910. [Plate 1: C]

Cyathodiumaurionitens auct. non (Griff.) Mitt.: Schiffn. in Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 154.1899.

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu [D.K. Singh 54718 (CAL)].

 

Cyathodium tuberosum Kashyap, New Phytol. 13: 210.1914.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada), Bihar, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Kashyam, 1929).

 

Dumortieraceae

 

DumortieraNees

 

Dumortiera hirsuta(Sw.) Nees, Nova Acta Phys.-Med Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 7: 410. 1825.[Plate 1: D]

Marchantia hirsuta Sw., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Occid. 145. 1788.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal  (Schwarz & Frahm, 2013).

 

Fossombroniaceae

 

FossombroniaRaddi

 

Fossombronia himalayensisKashyap, New Phytol. 14: 4. 1915.

Fossombronia levieri Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 74. 1917.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bengaluru), Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand (Chopra, 1938; Srivastava & Udar, 1975a).

 

Fossombronia indicaSteph., Sp. Hepat.6: 73. 1917.[Plate 1: E]

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Kerala, Maharashtra, endemic (Srivastava & Udar, 1975a; Verma & Srivastava, 2011), endemic.

 

Fossombronia wondraczekiivar. loitlesbergeri(Schiffn.) Müll.Frib., Leberm. Eur. 6: 545. 1954. Fossombronia loitlesbergeri Schiffn., Hedwigia 48: 195.1909.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkaballapur), Maharashtra (Srivastava & Sharma, 1995).

 

Frullaniaceae

 

FrullaniaRaddi

 

Frullaniaarecae(Spreng.)Gottsche, Mex. Leverm. 236. 1863.

Jungermannia arecae Spreng., Neue Entdeck. Pflanzenk. 2: 99. 1821.

Frullania indica Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 347. 1910.

Frullania wallichianaMitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 118. 1861.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga), Meghalaya, Manipur, Sikkim, West Bengal (Hattori & Thaithong, 1978; Nath&Asthana 1998asFrullaniawallichiana; Singh et al., 2008; Singh et al., 2010).

 

Frullania campanulataSandeLac., Nederl. Kruidk. Arch. 3: 422. 1854.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Kerala, Tamil Nadu (Nath & Asthana, 1998; Daniels, 2010; Alam,2012; Schwartz, 2013).

 

Frullaniaericoides(Neesex Mart.)Mont., Ann. Sci . Nat. Bot. sér. 2 12: 51.1839.

Jungermannia ericoides Nees ex Mart., Fl. Brasil. 1: 346. 1833.

Jungermannia squarrosa  Reinw. et al., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol. Nat. Cur. 12. 219. 1824.

Frullania squarrosa(Reinw. et al.) Dumort., Recueil observ. Jungerm. 13. 1835.

Frullania rotundiloba Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 679. 1911.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Nath & Asthana, 1998; Alam,2012).

 

Frullania inflexa Mitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 120. 1861. 

Frullania delavayi Steph., Hedwigia 33: 157. 1884.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Nath & Asthana, 1998; Alam, 2012).

 

Frullania moniliata (Reinw., Blume & Nees) Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., sér. 2 18: 13. 1842.

Jungermannia moniliata Reinw., Blume & Nees, Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12: 224, 1825.

Frullania breviramea Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 547. 1911.

Frullania tamariscivar. breviramea(Steph.) S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 222. 1972.

Frullaniatamariscisubsp.obscura(Verd.)S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 35: 216. 1972.

Frullania moniliata subsp. obscura Verd., Ann. Bryol. Suppl. 1: 80. 1930.

Frullania tamarisci subsp. moniliata (Reinw., Blume et Nees) Kamim., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 24: 65. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Dakshina Kannada), Kerala, Sikkim (Schwartz, 2013).

 

Frullania neurotaTaylor, J. Bot. 5: 400. 1846.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagun Shivamogga), Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Nath & Asthana, 1998; Alam,2012).

 

Frullania obscura(Sw.)Dumort., Recueil Observ. Jungerm. 13. 1835.

Jungermannia obscura Sw., Fl. Ind. Occid.  1869. 1806.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mt.Tadiandamol)(Schwarz, 2013).

 

Frullaniatamarisci(L.)Dumort., Recueil observ. Jungerm. 13. 1835.

Jungermannia tamarisci L., Sp. pl. 2: 1134. 1753.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Meghalaya, Manipur, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Nath &Asthana,1998).

 

Geocalycaceae

 

NotoscyphusMitt.

 

Notoscyphus lutescens (Lehm.) Mitt., Seemann, Fl. Viti 407. 1871.

Jungermannia lutescens Lehm. & Lindenb. in Lehm., Nov. Strip. Pug. 4: 16. 1832.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Kodagu), Tamil Nadu (Udar & Kumar, 1981; Schwartz, 2013).

 

Notoscyphus paroicus Schiffn. in Denkschr. Math.-Nat. Class. Kais. Akad. Wiss., Wien 67: 192. 1898.

Saccogyna subalternifoliaSteph., Sp. Hepat.6: 317. 1922.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Uttara Kannada), Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Chopra, 1938; Udar & Kumar, 1981).

 

Herbertaceae

 

HerbertusGray

 

Herbertus dicranus (Taylor ex Gottsche, Lindenb. & Nees) Trevis., Mem. R. Istit. Lombardo Sci. (ser.3) 4: 397. 1877.

SendtneradicranaTaylor in Gottsche, Lindenb. & Nees, Syn. Hepat.239. 1845.

Schisma dicranum (Taylor)Steph., Sp.Hepat. 4: 26. 1909.

Herberta chinensisSteph., Hedwigia 34: 43. 1895.

Schisma chinensis Steph., Sp. Hepat. 4: 26. 1909.

Herberta wichurae Steph., Hedwigia 34: 45. 1895.

Schisma wichurae Steph., Sp. Hepat. 4: 25. 1909.

Herberta fleischeri (Steph.) H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 307. 1965.

Schisma fleischeri Steph., Sp.Hepat.6: 358. 1922.

Herberta himalayana(Steph.) H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 319. 1965.

Schisma himalayanum Steph., Sp.Hepat.6: 359. 1922.

Herberta lonchobasisH.A.Mill., Ann. Bryol. 12: 80. 1939, nom.  nud.) H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 306. 1965.

Herberta nicholsonii Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 12: 80. 1939, nom. nud..

Herberta nilgerriensis (Steph.) H.A.Mill, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 308. 1965.

Schisma nilgerriense Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 28. 1909.

Herberta mastigophoroidesHerzog & W.E. Nicholson (nom. nud) ex H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot.  Lab. 28: 324. 1965.

Herberta pinnata(Steph.) H.A.Mill., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 299. 1965.

Schisma pinnata Steph., Sp.Hepat.6: 361. 1922 ('pinnatum').

Herberta pseudoceylanica S.Hatt. in Hara, Fl. of E. Himal. 2: 225. 1971.

Herberta sanguinea (Mont.) Austin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6: 302. 1897.

Schisma sanguineum (Mont.) Steph. Sp. Hepat.4: 27. 1909.

Herberta  sikkimensis (Steph.) W.E.Nicholson in Handel-Mazzetti, Symb. Sin. 5: 28. 1930.

Schisma sikkimense Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 25. 1909.

Herbertus capensis(Steph.) Sim., Trans. Royal Soc. South Africa 15: 75. 1926.

Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Kodagu), Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Schwartz & Frahm, 2013).

 

Jubulaceae

 

JubulaDumort.

 

Jubula hutchinsiae (Hook.) Dumort. subsp. javanica(Steph.) Verd., Ann. Crypt. Exot.1:216. 1928.

Jubula javanicaSteph., Sp. Hepat.4: 688. 1911.

Jubula integrifolia Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 689. 1911.

Jubula rostrata Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 690. 1911.

Jubula samoana Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 690. 1911.

Jubula setacea Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 691. 1911.

Jubula sikkimensis Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 691. 1911.

Jubula tonkinensis Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 692. 1911.

Jubula cambouéna Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 554. 1924.

Jubula trifida Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 555. 1924.

Jubula hutchinsiae subsp. javanica f. stephanii Verd., Ann. Bryol. Suppl. 1: 26. 1930.

Jubula hutchinsiae subsp. javanica var. integrifolia S.Hatt., Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 11: 156. 1944.

Jubula hutchinsiae subsp. javanica f. integrifolia Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ. Ser. B. Div. 2. 6: 65. 1952.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Kerala, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Schwartz & Frahm, 2013).

 

Lejeuneaceae

 

AcanthocoleusR.M.Schust.

 

 

Acanthocoleus gilvus (Gottsche) Kruijt, Bryophyt. Biblioth. 36: 79. 1988.

Lejeunea gilva Gottsche, Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 7: 353. 1882.

Dicranolejeunea gilva (Gottsche) Steph., Hedwigia 35: 77. 1896.

Dicranolejeunea sikkimensis Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 170. 1912.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Kerala, Meghalaya, Sikkim, West Bengal (Kruijt, 1988).

 

Acanthocoleus yoshinaganus (S.Hatt.) Kruijt, Bryophyt. Biblioth. 36: 105. 1988.

Lopholejeunea subfusca var. yoshinagana S. Hatt., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 58: 38. 1944.

Lopholejeunea yoshnagana (S.Hatt.) S. Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 8: 33. 1952.

Dicranolejeunea yoshinagana (S.Hatt.) Mizut., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 24: 174. 1961.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Meghalaya (Udar & Awasthi, 1982a).

 

Archilejeunea(Spruce) Schiffn.

 

Archilejeunea planiuscula(Mitt.) Steph., Sp. Hepat. 4: 731. 1911.

Lejeunea planiuscula Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 111. 1861.

Archilejeunea apiculifolia Steph., Sp. Hepat. 6: 558. 1924.

Ptychocoleus planiusculus (Mitt.) Verd., Ann. Bryol. Suppl. 4: 126. 1934.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru), Kerala, Tamil Nadu (Udar & Awasthi, 1981; Verma & Srivastava, 2011; Schwarz, 2013).

 

Caudalejeunea(Steph.) Schiffn.

 

Caudalejeunea reniloba(Gottsche) Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 16. 1912.

Phragmicoma reniloba Gottsche in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.301. 1844.

Thysananthus renilobus (Gottsche) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Archip. Ind. 306. 1898.

Caudalejeunea pluriplicataUdar, U.S. Awasthi & Shaheen, Bryologist 85: 329. 1982.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Kerala (Asthana et al., 1995).

 

Cheilolejeunea(Spruce) Schiffn.

 

Cheilolejeunea birmensis (Steph.) Mizut., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 27: 139. 1964. Strepsilejeunea birmensis Steph., Sp. Hepat.5:286.1913.

Cheilolejeunea rigida Steph., Sp. Hepat.5:670.1914.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shivamogga), Kerala, Tamil Nadu (Asthana et al., 1995; Schwarz, 2013).

 

Cheilolejeunea laeviuscula (Mitt.) Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 668. 1914.

Lejeunea laeviuscula Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 114. 1861.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shivamogga), Sikkim, Tamil Nadu (Mizutani, 1963; Asthana et al., 1995; Alam, 2012).

 

Cheilolejeunea trapezia (Nees) Kachroo & R.M. Schust., J. Iinn. Soc.. London, Bot 56: 509.1961.

Jungermannia trapezia Nees, Enum. Pl. Crypt. Jav.  41. 1830.

Cheilolejeunea imbricata(Nees) S. Hatt., Misc. Bryol. Lichenol. 1(14): 1. 1957.

Lejeunea imbricata(Nees) Gottshe, Lindenb. & Nees, Syn. Hepat.359. 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Asthana et al., 1995).

 

Cololejeunea(Spruce) Schiffn.

 

Cololejeunea appressa (A.Evans) Benedix, Feddes Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 134: 31. 1953.

Leptocolea appressa A.Evans, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 39: 606. 1912.

Cololejeunea peraffinis (Schiffn.) Schiffn., auct. non

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Kerala, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003).

 

Cololejeunea epiphylla G. Asthana & A.Shukla, Cryptog. Bryol. 31: 218. 2010.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga) (Asthana & Shukla, 2010a), endemic.

 

Cololejeunea floccosa (Lehm. & Lindenb.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat.Arch. Ind.: 243. 1898.

Jungermannia floccosa Lehm. & Lindenb. in Lehm., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 5: 26. 1833.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003).

 

Cololejeunea foliicola S.C.Srivast. & G.Srivast., Proc. Indian Acad.  Sci., Pl. Sci. 99: 86. 1989.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shivamogga), Assam, Kerala (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003).

 

Cololejeunea furcilobulata (Berrie & E.W. Jones) R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 9: 178. 1963.

Leptocolea furcilobulata Berrie & E.W. Jones,  Trans. Brit. Bryol. Soc. 2: 417. 1954.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam, Kerala, Tamil Nadu (Udar et al.,1985; Asthana & Srivastava, 1983).

 

Cololejeunea gottschei (Steph.) Mizut., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 117. 1965.

Physocolea gottschei Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 894. 1916.

Cololejeunea dentifolia Udar & G.Srivast., J. Bryol.12: 229. 1982.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Assam (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003).

 

Cololejeunea haskarliana (Lehm. & Lindenb.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat.Arch. Ind.: 244. 1898.

Lejeunea haskarliana Lehm. & Lindenb. in Lehm., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 8: 26. 1844.

Cololejeuena venusta (Sande Lac.) Schiffn.,Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl) 122. 1895.

Cololejeunea hispidissima (Steph), Pande, K.P.Srivast.& S. Ahmad., J. Indian Bot. Soc. 36: 343. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Kodagu, Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicoba Islandsr, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003; Schwartz & Frahm, 2013).

 

Cololejeunea hyalina G.Asthana & S.C.Srivast., Bryophyt. Biblioth. 60: 25. 2003.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga) (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003).

 

Cololejeunea karnatakensis G. Asthana & S.C. Srivast., Bryophyt. Biblioth. 60: 26. 2003.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga) (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003), endemic.

 

Cololejeunea kashyapii Udar & G. Srivast., Geophytology 15: 64. 1985.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam, Kerala (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003), endemic.

 

Cololejeunea lanciloba Steph., Hedwigia 34: 250. 1895.

Leptocolea lanciloba (Steph.) A. Evans, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 38: 268. 1911.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Assam, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu (Bapna & Kachroo, 2000).

 

Cololejeunea latilobula (Herzog) Tixier, Bryophyt. Biblioth. 27: 156. 1985.

Leptocolea latilobula Herzog in Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 5: 54. 1930.

Leptocolea himalayensis Pande & Misra, Proc. Nat. Acad. India 13 (1): 27. 1943.

Cololejeunea himalayensis (Pande & Misra) R.M.Schust., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 9: 177. 1963.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003).

 

Cololejeunea longifolia (Mitt.) Benedix, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 134: 15. 1953] ex Mizut., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 26: 184. 1963.

Lejeunea longifolia Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 117. 1861

Physocolea longifolia (Mitt.) Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 898. 1916.

Physocolea diversifolia (Mitt.) Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 892. 1916.

Lejeunea diversifolia Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 118. 1861.

Cololejeunea acinacifolia (Steph.) Kitag., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 36: 451.1972.

Physocolea acinacifolia Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 887. 1916.

Distribution: Karnataka, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Manipur, Sikkim, West Bengal (Bapna & Kachroo, 2000).

 

Cololejeunea marginata (Lehm. & Lindenb.) Schiffn., Hedwigia 29: 91. 1890.

Jungermannia marginata Lehm. & Lindenb. in Lehm., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 5: 11. 1833.

Leptocolea marginata (Lehm. & Lindenb.) A.Evans, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 38: 262. 1911.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru) (Chopra, 1938).

 

Cololejeunea mizutaniana Udar & G.Srivast., Misc. Bryol. Lichenol. 9: 137. 1983.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shimoga), Assam, Kerala (Udar & Srivastava, 1983; Schwarz, 2013), endemic.

 

Cololejeunea ocellata (Horik.) Benedix, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 134: 38. 1953.

Leptocolea ocellata Horik., J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 1: 86. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Mysuru), Sikkim (Chopra, 1938).

 

Cololejeunea planissima (Mitt.) Abeyw., Ceylon J. Sci., Bio. Sci. 2 (1): 73. 1959.

Lejeunea planissima Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 117. 1861.

Physocolea trianguliloba Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 907. 1916.

Cololejeunea trianguliloba (Steph.) Pande, K.P. Srivast. & S. Ahmad, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 36: 343. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003).

 

Cololejeunea sigmoidea Jovet-Ast & Tixier, Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 31: 27. 1962.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga) (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003).

 

Cololejeunea trichomanis (Gottsche) Steph., Hedwigia 34: 252.1895.

Lejeunea trichomanis Gottsche, Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 7: 362. 1882.

Physocolea trichomanis (Gottsche) Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 912.1916.

Cololejeunea goebelii (Gotteshe ex K.I. Goebel) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat.Arch. Ind. 244. 1898.

Cololejeunea pandei Udar & G. Srivast., J. Bryol. 12: 227. 1982.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, West Bengal (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003).

 

Cololejeunea udarii G.Asthana & S.C.Srivast., Bryophyt. Biblioth. 60: 40. 2003.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Manipur, Tamil Nadu (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003).

 

Colura(Dumort.) Dumort.

 

Colura leratii (Steph.) Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 939. 1916.

Colurolejeunea leratii Steph., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 35: 30. 1908.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga) (Asthana & Shukla, 2010).

 

 

 

Drepanolejeunea(Spruce) Schiffn.

 

Drepanolejeunea fleischeri(Steph.) Grolle &R.L.Zhu, Nova Hedwigia 70: 379. 2000.

Leptolejeunea fleischeri Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 382. 1913.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru), Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal (Asthana & Shukla, 2009).

 

Drepanolejeunea pentadactyla(Mont.) Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 357. 1913.

Lejeunea pentadactyla Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., Sér. 3, 10: 113. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru) (Asthana & Shukla, 2009).

 

Drepanolejeunea yunnanensis (P.C. Chen) Grolle & R.L. Zhu, Nova Hedwigia 70: 388. 2000.

Rhaphidolejeunea yunnanensis P.C. Chen, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 58: 44. 1955.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, West Bengal (Dey & Singh, 2012; Dey et al., 2013).

 

FrullanoidesRaddi

 

Frullanoides tristis (Steph.) Slageren, Meded.  Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 544: 110. 1985.

Lejeunea tristis Steph., Hedwigia 29: 8. 1890.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkaballapur, Mysuru), Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu (Awasthi & Srivasatava, 1988).

 

Lejeunea Lib.

 

Lejeunea aloba Sande Lac., Verh. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch. Afd. Natuurk. 5: 72 [Syn. Hepat.Jav.]. 1856.

Rectolejeunea aloba (Sande Lac.) Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 696. 1914.

Eulejeunea aloba (Sande Lac.) Schiffn., Consp. Hep. Arch. Ind. 247. 1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu (Pande & Misra, 1943).

 

Lejeunea eckloniana Lindenb. in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat. 381. 1845.

Taxilejeunea eckloniana (Lindenb.) A.Agarwal ex P.K.Verma & S.C.Srivast., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India, B. 77: 209. 2007.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Kodagu), Kerala, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu (Verma & S.C. Srivastava, 2007; Alam, 2012; Schwarz, 2013).

 

Lejeunea flava(Sw.) Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 3: 277. 1838.

Jungermannia flava Sw., Prodr. 144. 1788.[Plate 1: F]

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Mysuru, Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Singh & Singh, 2009; Dey & Singh, 2012).

 

Lejeunea kudremukhensis Sushsil K.Singh &Pócs, Phytotaxa 263(1): 73. 2016.

Taxilejeunea tenerrima Steph., Sp. Hepat. 6: 406. 1923.

Lejeunea tenerrima (Steph.) A.Agarwal ex P.K.Verma & S.C.Srivast., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India, B. 77: 206. 2007, non Lejeunea tenerrima (Nees) Lindenb. 1845, nom. Illeg.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru,)(Singh &Pócs, 2016), endemic.

 

Lejeunea lowrianaSteph., Sp. Hepat.5: 779. 1915.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Tamil Nadu (Chopra, 1938; Mizutani, 1964; Verma & Srivastava, 2011).

 

Lejeunea neelgherrianaGottsche in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.354. 1845.

Strepsilejeunea neelgherriana (Gottsche) Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 288. 1913.

Harpalejeunea indica Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 392. 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru), Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Schwarz, 2013).

 

Lejeunea stevensiana (Steph.) Mizut., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 34: 452. 1971.

Taxilejeunea stevensiana Steph., Hedwigia 35: 136. 1896.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru), Kerala, Sikkim, West Bengal (Bapna & Kachroo, 2000).

 

Lejeunea subolivaceaMizut., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 28: 121. 1965.

Eulejeunea olivacea Steph., Hedwigia 29: 85. 1890.

Lejeunea olivacea (Steph.) Steph., Hedwigia29: 85. 1890, nom. illeg. (Art. 53.1; Mebourne Code); non Lejeunea olivacea (Hook.f. & Taylor) Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.334. 1845].

Rectolejeunea olivacea (Steph.) S.C.Srivast. & A.Agarwal, Bryologist 89: 195. 1987 '1986'.

Rectolejeunea subacuta Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 700. 1914.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Jammu & Kashmir, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Srivastava & Agarwal, 1986).

 

Lejeunea wightii Lindenb. in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.379. 1845.

Microlejeunea inflatiloba Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 422, 1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Dakshina Kannada), Assam, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Mizutani, 1964; Alam, 2012; Schwarz, 2013).

 

Leptolejeunea(Spruce) Schiffn.

 

Leptolejeunea elliptica(Lehm. & Lindenb.) Schiffn.,Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl) 126. 1895.

Jungermannia elliptica Lehm. & Lindenb. in Lehm. Nov. Stirp. Pug. 5: 13. 1833.

Leptolejeunea subacuta Steph. ex A.Evans, Proc. Wash. Acad. Arts Sci. 8: 149. 1906.

Leptolejeunea dapitana Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5: 79. 1897.

Leptolejeunea schiffneri  auct non Steph.: Pande et al., J. Indian Bot. Soc. 36: 338. 1957.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Pande et al., 1957; Awasthi, 1986).

 

Leptolejeunea maculata (Mitt.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat. Arch. Ind. 275. 1898.

Lejeunea maculata Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 118. 1861.

Leptolejunea schiffneri (Schiffn.) Steph., Hedwigia 35: 107. 1896.

Lejeunea schiffneri Steph. in Schiffner., Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 60: 233. 1893.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Tamil Nadu (Singh et al., 2010).

 

Lopholejeunea(Spruce) Schiffn.

 

Lopholejeunea abortiva(Mitt.) Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 70. 1912.

Lejeunea abortiva Mitt., Philos. Trans. 168: 399. 1879.

Lopholejeunea gradsteinii Udar, U.S. Awasthi & Shaheen, Lindbergia 9: 34. 1983.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shivamogga), Kerala, Meghalaya (Udar et al., 1983; Awasthi et al., 2000).

 

Lopholejeunea nigricans (Lindenb.) Schiffn., Consp. Hepat.Arch. Ind. 293. 1898.

Lejeunea nigricans Lindenb. in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.316. 1845.

Distribution: Karnataka, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya (Awasthi et al., 2000).

 

Lopholejeunea sikkimensis Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 87. 1912 var. sikkimensis

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Awasthi et al., 2000).

 

Lopholejeunea subfusca (Nees) Schiffn., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23: 593. 1897 ["1896"].

Jungermannia subfusca Nees, Enum. Pl. Crypt. Jav. 36. 1830.

Lopholejeunea nilgiriensis U.S.Awasthi, S.C.Srivast. & D.Sharma, Geophytology 29: 51. 2000.

Lopholejeunea nongstoiniiAjit P.Singh & V.Nath, Phytotaxonomy 6: 26. 2006.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Andaman & Nicobar, Kerala, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Awasthi et al., 2000; Alam, 2012; Schwartz & Frahm, 2013).

 

Microlejeunea(Spruce) Jack & Steph.

 

Microlejeunea ulicina (Taylor) Steph., Hedwigia 29: 88. 1890.

Jungermannia ulicina Taylor in Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 1: 115. 1844.

Lejeunea ulicina (Taylor) Gottsche in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.387. 1845.

Microlejeunea ulicina (Taylor) A. Evans, Mem.Torrey Bot. Club 8: 162. 1902. nom. inval.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Assam, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Schwarz, 2013).

 

Myriocoleopsis Schiffn.

 

Myriocoleopsis minutissima (Sm.) R.L.Zhu, Y.Yu & Pócs, Phytotaxa 183 (4): 293. 2014.

Jungermannia minutissima Sm. in Sowerby, Engler. Bot. 23: 1633. 1806.

Cololejeunea minutissima (Sm.) Steph., Bot. Gaz. 17: 171. 1892.

Cololejeunea minutissima (Sm.) Schiffn.,Hepat. (Engl.-Prantl) 122. 1895, nom. illeg.

Lejeunea minutissima (Sm.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 4(1): 234. 1827.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Andaman & Nicobar, Goa, Kerala, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Asthana & Srivastava, 2003).

 

PtychanthusNees

 

Ptychanthus striatus (Lehm. & Lindenb.) Nees, Naturgesch. Eur. Leberm. 3: 212. 1838.

Jungermannia striata Lehm. & Lindenb. in Lehm., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 16. 1832.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkaballapur, Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Singh et al., 2010; Schwarz, 2013).

 

SchiffneriolejeuneaVerd.

 

Schiffneriolejeunea pulopenangensis (Gottsche) Gradst., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 38: 335. 1974.

Phragmicoma pulopenangensis Gottsche in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.299. 1845.

Ptychocoleus pulopenangensis (Gottsche) Steph.,  Sp. Hepat.5: 51.1912.

Ptychocoleus mangaloreus Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 47.1912.

Schiffneriolejeunea indica (Steph.) Udar & U.S. Awasthi, Lindbergia 8: 57. 1982.

Archilejeunea indica Steph., Sp. Hepat.5: 728. 1912.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Kerala, Tamil Nadu (Stephani, 1912; Schwarz, 2013).

 

SpruceanthusVerd.

 

Spruceanthus semirepandus (Nees) Verd., Ann. Bryol. Suppl. 4: 153. 1934.

Jungermanniasemirepanda Nees, Hepat.Jav. 39. 1830.

Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru,), Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu (Alam, 2012).

 

Lepidoziaceae

 

BazzaniaGray

 

Bazzania ovistipula (Steph.) Abeyw., Ceylon J. Sci. 2 (1): 45. 1959.

Mastigobryum ovistipulum Steph., Sp. Hepat.3: 444. 1908.

Bazzania nudistipula Pandé & al., Proc. 36th Indian Sci. Cong. 9. 1949.

Bazzania pusilla (Steph.) S.Hatt. in Hara, Fl. E. Himal. 506. 1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (hikkamagaluru) Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, West Bengal (Sharma & Srivastava, 1993; Schwarz, 2013).

 

Lophocoleaceae

 

HeteroscyphusSchiffn.

 

Heteroscyphus argutus (Reinw. et al.) Schiffn., Oesterr. Bot.  Zeit. 60: 172. 1910.

Jungermannia arguta Reinw. et al. in Nees, Hepat.Java. 1: 206. 1824.

Chiloscyphus argutus (Reinw. et al.) Nees in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.183. 1845.

Chiloscyphus cubans Taylor, J. Bot. 282. 1846.

Heteroscyphus cubans (Taylor) Schiffn., Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 60 : 172. 1910.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Kodagu, Kolar), Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Srivastava & Srivastava, 2002).

 

Lophocolea(Dumort.) Dumort.

 

Lophocolea heterophylla(Schrad.) Dumort., Recueil observ. Jungerm. 17. 1835.

Jungermannia heterophylla Schrad., J. Bot. 5: 66. 1801.

Lophocolea kurzii Sade Lac. in Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Batav. 1: 296. 1863 '1864'.

Chiloscyphus profundus (Nees) J.J.Engel & R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 39: 421. 1984.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand (Schwarz & Frahm, 2013).

 

Lophocolea muricata (Lehm.) Nees in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.169. 1845.

Jungermannia muricata Lehm., Linnaea 4: 363. 1829.

Chiloscyphus muricatus (Lehm.)J.J.Engel & R.M.Schust., Nova Hedwigia 39: 419. 1984

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Arunachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu (Schwarz & Frahm, 2013).

Marchantiaceae

 

MarchantiaL.

 

Marchantiaemarginata Reinw., Blume & Nees, Nova Acta Phys.-Med Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12: 192. 1824 subsp. emarginata

Marchantia palmata Reinw., Blume & Nees, Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12: 193. 1824.

Distribution: Karnataka, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Kerala, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu (Singh & Singh, 2013).

Mastigophoraceae

 

Mastigophora Nees

 

Mastigophora diclados Brid. ex F. Weber, Hist. Masc. Hep. Prodr. 56. 1815.

Sendtnera diclados (Brid.) Endl. in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.241. 1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu (Schwarz & Frahm, 2013).

 

Metzgeriaceae

 

MetzgeriaRaddi

 

Metzgeria coorgenseS.C.Srivast. & Smita Srivast., Phytotaxonomy 4: 81. 2004.

Metzgeria crassipilis auct. non (Lindb.) A.Evans: Schwarz, Arch. Bryol. 181: 12. 2013

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Tamil Nadu (Srivastava & Srivastava, 2004), endemic.

 

Metzgeria furcata (L.) Corda, Naturalientausch 12: 654. 1829 var. furcata

Jungermannia furcata L., Sp. Pl. 1136. 1753.

Metzgeria decipiens (C.Massal.) Schiffn. in Engler, Forschungsr. Gazelle 4: 43. 1890.

M. Furcata var. decipiens C.Massal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 17: 256. 1885.

Metzgeria crispula Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 12: 72.1939.

Metzgeria lutescensSteph., Sp. Hepat.6: 54.1917.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bengaluru, Chikkamagaluru), Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Chopra, 1938; Srivastava & Udar, 1975b).

 

 

Pallaviciniaceae

 

PallaviciniaGray

 

Pallavicinia lyellii(Hook.) Carruth, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 1: 685, 775 [errata]. 1821.

Jungermannia lyellii Hook., Brit. Jungerm. t. 77. 1816.

Steetzia lyellii (Hook.) Lehm., Pl. Preiss. 2: 129.1846.

Pallavicinia canara Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 62.1917.

Pallavicinia crispata (Mont.) Trevis., Mem. Reale Ist. Lombardo Sci., Ser. 3, Cl. Sci. Mat. 4: 427. 1877.

Diplolaena crispata Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. (ser. 2) 18: 16. 1842.

Pallavicinia indica Schiffn., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 183. 1899

Pallavicinia ridleyi Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 64. 1917.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada, Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Stephani, 1917; Pande & Srivastava, 1953).

 

Plagiochilaceae

 

Plagiochila(Dumort.) Dumort.

 

Plagiochila elegans Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 97.1861. [Plate 1: G]

Plagiochila consimilis Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 141.1918.

Plagiochila hartlessiana Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (ser. 2) 3: 881.1903.

Plagiochilapermagna Schiffn. ex Steph.,  Sp. Hepat.6: 198.1921.

Plagiochila pluridentata Steph., Renauld and Cardot, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 41, Mém. 122.1905.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Rawat & Srivastava, 2007).

 

Plagiochila flexuosa Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 94.1861.

Plagiochila kurseongensis Schiffn. ex Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 173.1918.

Plagiochila spinosocornuta Steph., Sp. Hepat.2: 289.1906.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru), Kerala, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Rawat & Srivastava, 2007).

 

Plagiochila fruticosa Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 94. 1861.

Plagiochila bipinnata Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 131. 1918.

Distribution: Karnataka (Sispara), Assam, Kerala, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Rawat & Srivastava, 2007).

 

Plagiochila himalayana Schiffn., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 49: 131. 1899.

Plagiochila kudremuktii Steph., Sp. Hepat. 6: 173. 1918.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru), Sikkim, West Bengal (Stephani, 1918; Schwarz, 2013).

 

Plagiochila nepalensisLindenb., Sp. Hepat.(Plagiochila fasc. 2 – 4): 93. 1840.

Plagiochila brevifolia Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (ser. 2), 3: 876. 1903.

Plagiochila cornuta Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (ser. 2) 3: 874. 1903.

Plagiochila decolyana Schiffn. ex Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 144. 1918.

Plagiochila gammiana Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (ser. 2), 3: 963. 1903.

Plagiochila gollanii Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (ser. 2) 3: 883. 1903.

Plagiochila gollanii var. triquetra Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 12: 76. 1939.

Plagiochila grata Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 160. 1918.

Plagiochila luethiana Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 180. 1921.

Plagiochila pseudorientalis Inoue, J. Hattori Bot. 30: 126.. 1967.

Plagiochila remotistipula Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 201. 1921.

Plagiochila semiaperta Schiffn. ex Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 210.1921.         

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkaballapur), Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Rawat & Srivastava, 2007).

 

Plagiochila semidecurrens (Lehm. & Lindenb.) Lindenb., Sp. Hepat.(Plagiochila fasc. 5): 142.1843 var. semidecurrens

JungermanniasemidecurrensLehm. & Lindenb. in Lehm., Nov. Strip. Pug.  4: 21. 1832.

Plagiochila aeqalis Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc. (Bot. 5): 98: 1861.

Plagiochila asymmetrica Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 125. 1917.

Plagiochila grossevitta Steph., Sp.Hepat.6: 161. 1918.

Plagiochila inermis Schiffn. ex Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 169. 1918.

Plagiochila kamaounensis Taylor, J. Bot. 5: 262. 1846.

Plagiochila longicalyx Steph., Bull. Herb. Boissier (ser. 2) 3: 532. 1903.

Plagiochila nidulans Herzog, Ann. Bryol. 5: 73. 1932.

Plagiochila nilgherriensis Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 189. 1921.

Plagiochila renitens (Nees) Lindenb., Sp. Hepat.(fasc. 2 – 4): 90. 1840.

Plagiochila schaulina Schiffn. ex Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 210. 1921.

Plagiochila semidecurrensvar.  undulata Carl., Ann. Bryol., Suppl. 2: 98. 1931.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru), Kerala, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, west Bengal (Schwarz, 2013).

Porellaceae

 

PorellaL.

 

Porella campylophylla (Lehm. & Lindb.) Trevis. subsp. lancistipula (Steph.) S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 44: 102. 1978.

Madothecalancistipula Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 524. 1924.

Porella lancistipula (Steph.) S.Hatt., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 30: 138. 1967.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Kodagu), Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand (Shaheen & S.C. Srivastava, 1989).

 

Radulaceae

 

RadulaDumort.

 

Radula acuminata Steph., Sp. Hepat.4: 230. 1910.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim (Bapna & Kachroo, 2000).

 

Radula javanica Gottsche in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.257. 1845.

Radula wallichianaLehm. & Lindenb. in Lehm., Nov. Stirp.Pug. 10: 9.1857.

Radula sandei Steph., Hedwigia 9: 130. 1884 &Sp.Hepat.4: 182. 1910.

Radula multifloraGottsche ex Schiffn., Forschungsr. Gazelle 4: 20.1890.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chikkamagaluru, Kodagu), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu (Udar & Kumar, 1982).

 

Radula pandeiUdar & Dh.Kumar, Lindbergia 9: 133. 1983.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shivamogga), Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala (Udar & Kumar, 1983).

 

Ricciaceae

 

RicciaL.

 

Riccia billardieri Mont. & Nees in Gottsche et al., Syn. Hepat.4: 602. 1846.

Riccia bulbiferaSteph., Sp. Hepat.1: 24. 1900.

Riccia bengalensisKhan, Bryologist 60: 28. 1957.

Riccia pimodiiKachroo, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 38: 216. 1959.

Riccia himalayensis auct.non Kashyap 1916 sensu Kashyap, Liverw. W. Himal. 1 (Suppl.): 7. 1932.

Distribution: Karnataka (Bengaluru, Dakshina Kannada, Shivamogga), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal (Pande & Udar, 1958; K.P. Srivastava 1964; Bag et al. 2007).

 

Riccia crystallina L. Sp. Pl. 1138. 1753 emend. Raddi, Opusc. Sci. (Bologna) 12: 353. 1818.

Riccia plana Taylor,London J. Bot.5: 414. 1846.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal (Pande & Udar, 1958).

 

Riccia discolor Lehm. & Lindenb. inLehm., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 4: 1.1832.

R. himalayensisKashyap, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 349. 1916.

R. gollaniiLev. ex Steph., Sp. Hepat.6: 2. 1924.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada, Shivamogga), Assam, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya,  Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal (Srivastava, 1964).

 

Riccia huebeneriana Lindenb., Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leap.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 18: 504d.1837.

R. kashyapii Kachroo, Sci. & Cult. 20:98. 1954.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Assam, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal (Srivastava, 1964).

 

Riccia mangaloricaAhmad ex Jovet-Ast in Cryptog. Bryol. 24: 223. 2003.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Rajasthan (Ahmad, 1942).

 

 

Solenostomataceae

 

SolenostomaMitt.

 

Solenostoma stephanii (Schiffn.) Steph., Sp. Hepat.2: 58. 1901.

Aplozia stephanii Schiffn.,Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 67: 195. 1898.

Jungermannia stephanii (Schiffn.) Amakawa, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 31. 101. 1968.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Sikkim, West Bengal (Bapna & Kachroo, 2000; Singh & Singh, 2006; Schwartz, 2013).

 

Solenostoma tetragonum (Lindenb.) R.M.Schust. ex Váňa & D.G. Long, Nova Hedwigia 89: 509. 2009.

Jungermannia tetragona Lindenb., Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 6: 462. 1848.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Bapna & Kachroo, 2000; Schwartz, 2013).

 

Targioniaceae

 

Targionia L.

 

Targionia hypophyllaL., Sp. Pl. 1136. 1753.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Mysuru), Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal (Chopra, 1938; Schwarz & Frahm, 2013).

 

Bryophyta (Mosses)

 

Archidiaceae

 

ArchidiumBrid.

 

Archidium birmannicum Mitt. ex Dixon, J. Indian Bot. 2: 175. 1921; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 2. 2013.

Archidium novae-guineae Dixon, J. Bot. 80: 3. 1942.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Karwar) (Dixon, 1921; Frahm et al., 2013).

 

Bartramiaceae

 

PhilonotisBrid.

 

PhilonotisangustaMitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 61.1859; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Philonotishastata(Duby) Wijk & Margad., Taxon 8: 74.1959; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

HypnumhastatumDuby, Syst. Verz. 132.1846.

PhilonotisheterophyllaMitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 61.1859

PhilonotisimbricatulaMitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 61.1859.

Philonotisimbricatulavar.synoicaThér., Recueil Publ. Soc. Havraise Études Diverses 87: 102. 1 f. 3.1920.

PhilonotisasperifoliaMitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 185.1868.

BartramiaobtusifoliaMitt., Fl. Vit. 381. 1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Philonotismollis(Dozy & Molk.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 60.1859; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

BartramiamollisDozy & Molk., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 2: 300.1844.

BartramiasecundaDozy & Molk., Pl. Jungh. 3: 332.1854.

Philonotismollisvar.simplicicaulisZanten, Nova Guinea, Bot. 16: 10(16): 293. pl. 25: f. 1.1964.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899; Dixon, 1912; Gangulee, 1974).

 

PhilonotisthwaitesiiMitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 60 1859; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

PhilonotisappressifoliaDixon, Hong Kong Naturalist, Suppl. 2: 18.1933.

PhilonotisrevolutaBosch & Sande Lac., Bryol. Jav. 1: 158. 128.1861.

PhilonotissociaMitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 8: 151.1864.

PhilonotissumatranaDixon, Ann. Bryol. 5: 32.1932.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu ?), Maharashtra (Frahm et al., 2013).

 

Brachytheciaceae

 

Brachythecium Schimp.

 

Brachytheciumbuchananii(Hook.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 341 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 1159) 1878;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

HypnumbuchananiiHook., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 9: 320. 28 f. 3 1808.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Maharashtra (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Brachytheciumprocumbens(Mitt.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 341 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 409).1878;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

HypnumprocumbensMitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 70 .859.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Oxyrrhynchium(Schimp.) Warnst.

 

Oxyrrhynchiumvagans(A. Jaeger) Ignatov & Huttunen, Arctoa 11: 273. 2002;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

RhynchostegiumvagansA. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 369.1878.

RhynchostegiumpatentifoliumMüll. Hal.,Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 4: 272. 1897.

Eurhynchiumvagans(A. Jaeger) E.B. Bartram, Bernice P. Bishop Mus. Bull. 101: 213. 158.1933.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Gangulee, 1980).

 

 

 

 

 

PlatyhypnidiumM. Fleisch.

 

Platyhypnidium riparioides (Hedw.) Dixon,  Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 6: 111.1934; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

Hypnum riparioides Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 242.1801.

Eurhynchium riparioides (Hedw.) P.W. Richards, Ann. Bryol. 9: 135.1937.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shimoga) (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Rhynchostegium Bruch &Schimp.

 

Rhynchostegium herbaceum (Mitt.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 368 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 434) 1878; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Hypnum herbaceum Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 81 1859.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899; Gangulee, 1980).

 

Bruchiaceae

 

TrematodonMichx.

 

TrematodonlongicollisMichx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 289.1803; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

TrematodonpaucifoliusMüll. Hal.,Syn. Musc. Frond. 1: 459.1848.

TrematodonreflexusMüll. Hal., Syn. Musc. Frond. 1: 459.1848.

TrematodonacutusMüll. Hal,Syn. Musc. Frond. 1: 458.1848.

TrematodonsquarrosusMüll. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 15: 381.1857.

TrematodonceylonensisMüll. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 22: 350.1864.

TrematodonuncinatusMüll. Hal.,Linnaea 38: 628.1874.

TrematodonflexifoliusMüll. Hal., Flora 69: 278.1886.

TrematodoncubensisMüll. Hal.,Hedwigia37: 228.1898.

TrematodonreineckeiMüll. Hal., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23: 320.1896

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Bryaceae

AnomobryumSchimp.

 

Anomobryum auratum (Mitt.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1873–74: 142 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 1: 604).1875; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 2. 2013.

Bryum auratum Mitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. (Suppl.) 1: 67. 1859.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakkishina  Kannada, Kodagu), Maharashtra (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Anomobryum cymbifolium (Lindb.) Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 320.1899..

Bryum cymbifolium Lindb., Not. Sällsk. Fauna Fl. Fenn. Förh. 11: 45. 1870.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Maharashtra (Brotherus, 1899).

 

 

 

Brachymenium Schwagr.

 

BrachymeniumbryoidesHook. ex Schwagr., Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 2 2: 134. t. 135 1824; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

BrachymeniumweissiaHarv., Icon. Pl. 1: t.19, f. 1.1836.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899), endemic.

 

Brachymenium nepalenseHook., Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 2 2: 131.t. 135.1824; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

BrachymeniumcontortumGriff.,Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 3: 56.1843.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

BrachymeniumturgidumBroth. ex Dixon, Rev. Bryol. 35: 94. 1908;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

Brachymeniumturgidumvar.nanumDixon, J. Indian Bot. 2: 183.1921.

Distribution: Karnataka (??), Maharashtra (Frahm et al., 2013), endemic.

 

BrachymeniumwalkeriBroth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 320.1899; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Maharashtra (Brotherus, 1899; Dixon, 1911), endemic.

 

Bryum Hedw.

 

Bryum apalodictyoides Müll. Hal.,Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 11: 21 1853; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Bryum argenteum Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 181.1801; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

Brachymenium argenteoides Dixon, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 19(95): 289.1938.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga) (Brotherus, 1899; Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Bryum billarderi Schwagr.,Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1 2: 115. t. 76.1816; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Bryum coronatum Schwagr.,Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1 2: 103. t. 71.1816; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shimoga) (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

Bryum doliolum Duby, Syst. Verz. 133.1846.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Bryum medianum Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 74.1859; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu), S India; Nepal (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Bryum mildeanum Jur., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 967.1862

Bryum apiculatum Schwagr.,Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1 2: 102. t. 72.1816; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

Bryu Bryum mauiense Broth., Bernice P. Bishop Mus. Bull. 40: 14.1927

Bryum megalostegium Sull.,U.S. Expl. Exped., Musci 9. 7a.1859.

Bryum ghatense Broth. ex Dixon, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 19: 941. 1910.

Bryum alpinum var. mildeanum (Jur.) Podp., Consp. Musc. Eur. 357.1954.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shimoga) (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Bryum ramosum (Harv.) Mitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 75.1859.

Mnium ramosum Harv.,Icon. Pl. 1: t. 20, f. 2.1836.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga).

 

Bryum thomsonii Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 73.1859; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

Bryum erythrinum Mitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 70.1859.

Bryum porphyroneuron var. giganteum M. Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg 2: 549.1904.

Bryum porphyroneuron Müll. Hal. var. erythrinum (Mitt.) M. Fleisch. in Broth., Nat. Planzenfam. 1(3): 590. 1904.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899; Gangulee, 1974).

 

Bryum wightii Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 74.1859; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

Bryum bohnhofii Müll. Hal. ex Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(3): 598.1900.

Bryum formosum Mitt., J. Bot. 38: 329. 413.1900.

Bryum srilankenese Mohamed, J. Bryol. 12: 25. f. 2.1982; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga), Sri Lanka (Brotherus, 1899; Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

 

Rhodobryum (Schimp.) Hampe 

 

Rhodobryum giganteum (Schwagr.) Paris, Index Bryol. 1116.1898; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Mnium giganteum Schwagr., Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 2 2(1): 20. t. 158.1826.

Bryum giganteum (Schwagr.) Arn., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 5: 279.1827.

Bryum sollyanum Griff.,Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 3: 61.1843.

Bryum pseudogiganteum Müll. Hal., Flora 82: 439.1896.

Rhodobryum pseudogiganteum (Müll. Hal.) Paris, Index Bryol. 1119.1898.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

RosulabryumJ.R. Spence

 

Rosulabryum tuberosum (Mohamed & Damanhuri) J.R. Spence, Bryologist 99: 223.1996; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Bryum tuberosum Mohamed & Damanhuri, Bryologist 93: 288. f.1–10.1990

Distribution: Karnataka (Udupi) (Nair et al., 2004).

 

Calymperaceae

 

Calymperes Sw.

 

Calymperes erosum Müll. Hal., Linnaea 21: 182.1848; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

Calymperes fordii Besch., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 8, 1: 284.1896.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912).

 

Calymperes lonchophyllum Schwagr., Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1 2: 333. t. 98.1816; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

Calymperes nietneri Müll. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 22: 348.1864.

Calymperes lonchophylloides Müll. Hal., Gen. Musc. Frond. 362.1900.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912).

 

Calymperes mangalorense Dixon & P. de la Varde, Arch. Bot. Bull. Mens. 1(8–9): 164. 4 f.1.1927;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada) (Ellis, 1989).

ChameleionL.T.Ellis & A. Eddy

Chameleionpeguense(Besch.) L.T. Ellis & A. Eddy, Handb. Males. Mosses 2: 250. 1990;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

CalymperespeguenseBesch., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 8, 1: 299.1896.

Calymperespalisotiisubsp.richardii(Müll. Hal.) S.R. Edwards, J. Bryol. 11: 81.1980.

Heliconemapeguense(Besch.) L.T. Ellis & A. Eddy, J. Bryol. 15: 730.1989.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada) (Ellis, 1989).

 

Octoblepharum Hedw.

 

OctoblepharumalbidumHedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 50.1801; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

OctoblepharumlongifoliumLindb., Öfvers. Förh. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. 21: 608. 1865.

OctoblepharumminusHampe, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1: 83.1879.

Octoblepharumalbidumvar.cuspidatumMüll. Hal., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 23: 318.1896.

OctoblepharumcuspidatumMüll. Hal., Gen. Musc. Frond. 88.1900.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga) (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

SyrrhopodonMont.

 

Syrrhopodon semiliber (Mitt.) Besch.,Index Bryol. 12: 55. 1898; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

Calymperes semiliberum Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl.41.1859.

Calymperopsis semiliber (Mitt.) M. Fleisch., Biblioth. Bot. 80: 5.1913.

Syrrhopodon assamicus H. Rob., Bryologist 71: 84. f. 11–18.1968.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912).

 

Cryphaeaceae

 

DendropogonellaE. Britton

 

Dendropogonellarufescens(Schimp.) E. Britton, Bryologist 9: 39.1906; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

DendropogonrufescensSchimp., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 1: 381. t. 1.1843.

Cryphaearufescens(Schimp.) Müll. Hal., Linnaea 18: 682.1845.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968), Guatemala, Mexico.

 

SchoenobryumDozy & Molk.

 

Schoenobryum concavifolium (Griff.) Gangulee, Mosses E. India 5: 1209.1976; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Orthotrichum concavifolium Griff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 2: 484. 1842.

Acrocryphaea concavifolia (Griff.) Bosch & Sande Lac., Bryol. Jav. 2: 106.1864.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Daltoniaceae

 

DaltoniaHook. & Taylor

 

DaltoniareticulataMüll. Hal., Linnaea 36: 20.1869; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Dicranaceae

 

Campylopus Brid.

 

Campylopus fragilis (Brid.) Bruch & Schimp.  subsp. goughii (Mitt.) J.-P. Frahm, Trop. Bryol. 4: 61. 1991; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

Campylopus goughii (Mitt.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1870–71: 424 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 1: 128). 1872.

Campylopus nietneri (Müll. Hal.) A. Jaeger, Ber.Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1870–71: 423 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 1: 136). 1872.

Dicranum goughii Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 17.1859.

Dicranum nietneri Müll. Hal., Linnaea 36: 35.1869.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

CampylopusrichardiiBrid.,Muscol. Recent. Suppl. 4: 73.1819.

Dicranum nigrescens Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 19.1859.

CampylopusnigrescensDuby, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 19: 292, f. 1.1868.

Campylopus nigrescens (Mitt.) A.Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges.1870–71: 417 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 1: 121). 1872; Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 312. 1899.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Bihar, Meghalaya, Sikkim (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Campylopusumbellatus(Schwagr.& Gaudich. ex Arn.) Paris, Index Bryol. 264.1894; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

ThysanomitrionumbellatumSchwagr.& Gaudich. ex Arn., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 5: 263.1827.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Dicranella (Mull. Hal.) Schimp.

 

Dicranellagriffithii(Mitt.) A. Jaeger,Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1870–71: 376 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 1: 80). 1872;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

LeptotrichumgriffithiiMitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 9.1859.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Giese & Frahm, 1985).

 

Dicranellapomiformis(Griff.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1870–71: 372 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 1: 76). 1872; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

DidymodonpomiformisGriff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 2: 508.1842.

WeissiabrasiliensisDuby, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 7: 412. t. 4.1836.

Aongstroemiapomiformis(Griff.) Müll. Hal., Linnaea 36: 12.1869.

Microduspomiformis(Griff.) Besch., Index Bryol. 805.1897.

Microdusbrasiliensis(Duby) Thér., Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 7: 278.1907.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

LeucolomaBrid.

 

Leucoloma taylorii (Schwagr.) Mitt., Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 8: 353.1856;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

Syrrhopodon taylorii Schwagr., Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 2 2: 115. t. 132.1824.

Leucoloma walkeri Broth.,Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 313.1899.

Leucoloma mittenii M. Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg 1: 125.1904.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Uttara Kannada) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Leucoloma tenerum Mitt.,Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 8: 353.1856; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

Leucoloma renauldii Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 313.1899.

Leucoloma strictifolium Dixon, J. Indian Bot. 2: 176. 1921.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga, Uttara Kannada) (Brotherus, 1899; Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Microcampylopus (Müll. Hal.) M. Fleisch.

 

Microcampylopuskhasianus(Griff.) Giese & J.-P. Frahm, Lindbergia 11: 118. 1986; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 8. 2013.

DicranumkhasianumGriff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 2: 496.1842.

Campylopodiumkhasianum(Griff.) Paris, Index Bryol. 237.1894.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

Ditrichaceae

GarckeaMüll.Hal.

 

Garckea phascoides (Hook.) Müll. Hal.,Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 3: 865.1845; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

Dicranum phascoides Hook., Bot. Misc. 1: 39. 21. 1829.

Grimmia flexuosa Griff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 2: 492.1842.

Grimmia comosa Dozy & Molk., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 2: 304.1844.

Garckea flexuosa (Griff.) Margad. & Nork., J. Bryol. 7: 440.1973.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Entodontaceae

 

EntodonMüll.Hal.

 

EntodonplicatusMüll. Hal., Linnaea 18: 706.1845; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

EntodonplicatiformisDixon, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 20: 100. 1948.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra (Brotherus, 1899; Dixon, 1912; Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968; Gangulee, 1980).

 

 

ErythrodontiumHampe

 

Erythrodontiumjulaceum(Hook. ex Schwagr.) Paris, Index Bryol. 436.1896; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

PterogoniumsquarrosumGriff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 3: 63.1843.

PterogoniumsquarrosulumMont.,London J. Bot. 4: 9.1845

Brauniajulacea(Hook. ex Schwagr.) J. Shaw, Cape Monthly Mag. 17: 38.1878.

PlatygyriumsquarrulosumA. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 277.1878.

Entodonsquarrulosus(Mont.) Müll. Hal., Linnaea 42: 435.1879.

Erythrodontiumsquarrulosum(Mont.) Paris, Index Bryol. 437.1896.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899; Gangulee, 1980).

 

Mesonodon Hampe

 

Mesonodonflavescens(Hook.) W.R. Buck, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 48: 117.1980; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 8. 2013.

PterogoniumflavescensHook., Musci Exot. 2: 155.1819.

Campylodontiumflavescens(Hook.) Bosch & Sande Lac., Bryol. Jav. 2: 128. 1865.

Fabroniaflavescens(Hook.) Paris, Index Bryol. 454.1896.

TaxitheliumisopterygioidesDixon, J. Bot. 53: 295. t. 540, f. 9.1915.

Glossadelphusisopterygioides(Dixon) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 11: 444. 1925.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Mysore? or Chamarajanagara) (Brotherus, 1899; Gangulee, 1980).

 

Fissidentaceae

 

FissidensHedw.

 

FissidensanomalusMont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 17: 252.1842; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

FissidenscryptothecaDozy & Molk., Pl. Jungh. 314.1854.

FissidensneckeroidesGriff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 2: 504.1842.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Fissidens bryoides var. schmidii (Müll. Hal.) R.S. Chopra & S.S. Kumar, Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. (New Delhi) 5: 43. 1981.

Fissidens schmidii Müll. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 11: 18.1853.

 Fissidens glossobryoides Dixon, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 55: 269, 8 f.1.1930.

Fissidens hasskarlii A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1874–75: 89.1876.

Fissidens occultifolius Müll. Hal. ex Paris,Index Bryol. (ed. 2) 2: 217.1904.

Fissidens bryoides subsp. schmidii (Müll. Hal.) Nork. in Gangulee, Mosses E. India 2: 471. 1971. J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada) (Gangulee, 1969).

 

Fissidens carnosus Broth.,Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 314.1899; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013 ('carnonis').

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Fissidens coorgensis Broth.,Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 316. 1899; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Fissidens crispulus Brid.,Muscol. Recent. Suppl. 4: 187.1819; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Fissidens sylvaticus Griff.,Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 2: 507. 1842.

Fissidens curvifolius Mitt.,Trans. Linn. Soc. London 23: 55. 6 f. 14.1860.

Conomitrium amphibium Müll. Hal., Linnaea 39: 356.1875.

Fissidens procumbens Mitt.,Philos. Trans. 168(extra vol.): 395.1879.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912).

 

Fissidens excedens Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 315.1899; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013 'exceedens'.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Fissidens fuscoviridis Thwaites & Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 323.1873; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013  'Fissidens fuscoviridis Mitt.'.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Fissidens immutatus Dixon,J. Indian Bot. 2: 179. 1921;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1921).

 

Fissidens karwarensis Dixon, J. Indian Bot. 2: 179.1921; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1921).

                                            

Fissidens lutescens Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 315.1899; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Fissidens macrosporus Dixon,J. Indian Bot. 2: 179. 1921; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1921).

 

Fissidens sedgwickii Broth. & Dixon,J. Bot. 48: 305. 507, f. 1.1910;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912).

 

Fissidens subfirmus Dixon, J. Indian Bot. 2: 178.1921; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1921).

 

Fissidens sylvaticus var. auriculatus (Müll. Hal.) Gangulee, Mosses E. India 2: 540.1971; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Fissidens auriculatus Müll. Hal., Linnaea 37: 166.1872.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Gangulee, 1969).

 

Fissidens walkeri Broth.,Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 315.1899; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

 

var. elimbatus (Broth.) Dixon,J. Indian Bot. 2: 177.1921; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Fissidens elimbatusBroth.,Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 316.1899.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

var. walkeri

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Uttara Kannada) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Fissidens zippelianus Dozy & Molk., Syst. Verz. 29. 1854; Dixon, J. Indian Bot. 2: 180. 1921.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1921).

 

Fissidens zollingeri Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 4: 114.1845; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Fissidens brachycaulon Broth.,Wiss. Erg. Deut. Zentr.-Afr. Exped., Bot. 2: 143. 11 f. 143.1910.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912; Gangulee, 1969).

 

Funariaceae

 

FunariaHedw.

 

Funaria hygrometrica Hedw.,Sp. Musc. Frond. 172.1801; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Funaria hygrometrica var. patula Bruch & Schimp., Bryol. Eur. 3: 266. 305 (fasc. 11 Mon. 8 3b). 1846.

Funaria hygrometrica var. intermedia Warnst., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 42: 200.1901

Funaria hygrometrica var. utahensis Grout, Moss Fl. N. Amer. 2: 84.1935.

 

var.calvescens (Schwagr.) Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 12: 54.1839; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Funaria calvescens Schwagr.,Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1 2: 77. t. 65.1816.

Funaria leptopoda Griff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 2: 512.1842;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013 'leptophylla'.

Funaria nepalensis Müll. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 13: 748.1855.

Funaria annulata Besch., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 16: 192.1872.

Funaria megapoda Müll. Hal., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5: 175.1897

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu)(Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

var.hygrometrica

Distribution: Karnataka (Shimoga) (Sundararaghavan & Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Physcomitrium(Brid.) Brid.

 

PhyscomitriumcoorgenseBroth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 319.1899;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga, Uttara Kannada) (Brotherus, 1899; Gangulee, 1974).

 

Hookeriaceae

 

CyathophorumP.Beauv.

 

Cyathophorumadiantum(Griff.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 147.1859; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013. 'adianthum'

NeckeraadiantumGriff., Icon. Pl. Asiat. t. 85 f. 2.1849.

CyathophorumsublimbatumThwaites & Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 309.1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Hypnaceae

 

EctropotheciumMitt.

 

Ectropotheciumcompressifolium(Mitt.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1877–78: 260 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 524).1880;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013. 'Ectoprothecium compressifolium'

HypnumcompressifoliumMitt.,Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 8: 355. 1856.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1921).

 

Ectropotheciumcyperoides(Hook. ex Harv.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1877–78: 259 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 522). 1880;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

HypnumcyperoidesHook. ex Harv., Icon. Pl. 1: t. 23,f. 5.1836.

EctropotheciumpseudocyperoidesM. Fleisch., Hedwigia 44: 326.1905.

RhaphidostegiumambiguumA. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 405.1878.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Ectropotheciumstereodontoides(Dixon) Wijk & Margad., Taxon 9: 189. 1960;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

CtenidiumstereodontoidesDixon, J. Indian Bot. 2: 186. 9.1921.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1921).

 

Isopterygium Mitt.

 

Isopterygium lignicola (Mitt.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 432 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 498). 1878;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

Hypnum lignicola Mitt., Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 8: 355.1856

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus 1899; Gangulee, 1980).

 

Platygyriella Cardot

 

Platygyrielladensa(Hook.) W.R. Buck, Brittonia 36: 86.1984; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

LeskeadensaHook., Syn. Pl. 1: 61.1822.

EntodonpallidissimusMüll. Hal., Linnaea 42: 494.1879.

PlatygyriellahelicodontioidesCardot,  Rev. Bryol. 37: 9.1910.

ErythrodontiumsubdensumBroth. & Thér., Recueil Publ. Soc. Havraise Études Diverses 88: 313, 5.1921.

Distribution:Karnataka (Shimoga), Mexico, Ecuador (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

 

Taxiphyllum M. Fleisch.

 

Taxiphyllum taxirameum (Mitt.) M. Fleisch.,Musci Buitenzorg 4: 1435.1923; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

HylocomiumisopterygioidesBroth. & Paris, Rev. Bryol. 33: 27.1906.

StereodontaxirameusMitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 105.1859.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus 1899; Gangulee, 1980).

 

Vesicularia(Mull. Hal.) Mull. Hal.

 

VesicularialevieriCardot ex Dixon, J. Indian Bot. 2: 187. 10.1921;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1921).

 

Vesiculariareticulata(Dozy & Molk.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 1094.1908; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

HypnumreticulatumDozy & Molk.,Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 2: 309.1844.

VesiculariasamoanaBroth., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 84: 399.1908.

VesiculariafilicuspisBroth., Philipp. J. Sci. 8: 88.1913.

VesiculariaokamuraeBroth., Oefvers. Förh. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. 62A(9): 49.1921.

Ectropotheciumreticulatum(Dozy & Molk.) Besch.,Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 5, 18: 241.1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga) (Brotherus, 1899; Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Vesiculariasuccosa(Mitt.) Broth.,Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 1094.1908;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

StereodonsuccosusMitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 101.1859.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shimoga) (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Leucobryaceae

 

Leucobryum Hampe

 

Leucobryum imbricatum Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 314.1899; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Leucobryum wightii Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 25.1859;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Tamil Nadu (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Leucomiaceae

 

Leucomium Mitt.

 

Leucomium aneurodictyon (Müll. Hal.) A. Jaeger,Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1877–78: 275 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 539). 1880;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158:8. 2013.

Hypnum aneurodictyon Müll. Hal.,Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 681.1851.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad) (Dixon, 1912).

 

 

Meesiaceae

 

MeesiaHedw.

 

MeesiauliginosaHedw.,Sp. Musc. Frond. 173.1801;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 8. 2013. 'uliginoa'

MeesiastrictaBrid., Bryol. Univ. 2: 61. 1827.

FunariaobtusifoliaWeinm.,Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 18(4): 438. 1845.

MeesiahymenostomaCardot & Broth., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., n.s. 63(10): 51.1923.

CeratodonkinggeorgicusKanda, Hikobia 9: 324. f. 3.1986.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

 

 

Meteoriaceae

 

Aerobryidium M. Fleisch.

 

Aerobryidium filamentosum (Hook.) M. Fleisch., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 821.1906; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 2. 2013.

Neckera filamentosa Hook., Musci Exot. 2: 158. 1819.

Daltonia filamentosa (Hook.) Arn.,Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 5: 296.1827.

Aerobryum filamentosum (Hook.) M. Fleisch. ex Thér.,Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 26: 87.1936.

Meteorium filamentosum (Hook.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 91. 1859.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu: Virajpet), Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Nepal (Brotherus 1899; Gangulee, 1974).

 

Aerobryopsis M. Fleisch.

Aerobryopsis wallichii (Brid.) M. Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg 3: 789.1908.

Hypnum wallichii Brid., Bryol. Univ. 2: 416.1827.

Neckera longissima Dozy & Molk., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 2: 313.1844.

Aerobryopsis longissima (Dozy & Molk.) M. Fleisch., Hedwigia 44: 305.1905;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 2. 2013.

Aerobryum wallichii (Brid.) Müll. Hal., Linnaea 40: 262.1876.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus 1899; Gangulee, 1974).

 

Barbella M. Fleisch.

 

Barbella rufifolia (Thwaites & Mitt.) Broth.,Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 824.1906; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 2. 2013.

Meteorium rufifolium Thwaites & Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 316. 1873.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912).

 

BarbellopsisBroth.

 

Barbellopsis trichophora (Mont.) W.R. Buck, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 82: 265.1998; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 2. 2013.

Isothecium trichophorum Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 19: 238.1843.

Meteorium diclados Schimp., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 16: 227.1872.

Meteorium enerve Thwaites & Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 317.1873

Barbella trichophora (Mont.) M. Fleisch., Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(3): 824.1906; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 2. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

CryptopapillariaM. Menzel

Cryptopapillariafuscescens(Hook.) M. Menzel, Willdenowia 22: 183.1992; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

NeckerafuscescensHook., Musci Exot. 2: 157.1819.

Daltoniafuscescens(Hook.) Arn., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 5: 296.1827.

Papillaria fuscescens(Hook.) A.Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges.1875–76: 270 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 174). 1877; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga) (Brotherus, 1899; Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968; Gangulee, 1974).

 

Diaphanodon Renauld & Cardot

 

Diaphanodonblandus(Harv.) Renauld & Cardot, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 38(1): 23.1900;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

NeckerablandaHarv., Icon. Pl. 1: t. 22: f. 1.1836.

Trachypusblandus(Harv.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 127. 1859.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899; Gangulee, 1974).

 

FloribundariaM. Fleisch.

 

Floribundaria floribunda (Dozy & Molk.) M. Fleisch., Hedwigia 44: 302. a–i.1905; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 6. 2013.

Leskea floribunda Dozy & Molk.,Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 2: 310.1844.

Meteorium floribundum (Dozy & Molk.) Dozy & Molk., Musci Frond. Ined. Archip. Ind. 6: 162. 53.1848.

Papillaria floribunda(Doz. & Molk.) Müll. Hal., Linnaea 40: 267.1876

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu).

 

Meteoriopsis M. Fleisch. ex Broth.

 

Meteoriopsisreclinata(Müll. Hal.) M. Fleisch., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 826. 1906;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 8. 2013.

Meteoriopsisreclinataf.piliferM. Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg 3: 834.1907.

PilotrichumreclinatumMüll. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 12: 572.1854.

Meteoriumreclinatum(Müll. Hal.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 87. 1859.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu).

 

Meteoriopsissquarrosa(Hook. ex Harv.) M. Fleisch., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 826.1906;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 8. 2013.

NeckerasquarrosaHook. ex Harv., Icon. Pl. 1: t. 22,f. 2.1836.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga).

 

Pseudotrachypus P. de la Varde & Thér.

 

Pseudotrachypus convolvens (Mitt.) W.R. Buck, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 75: 63.1994; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

Meteorium convolvens Mitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 90.1859.

Meteorium javanicum Bosch & Sande Lac., Bryol. Jav. 2: 88. t. 203.1863.

Barbella convolvens (Mitt.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 824.1906.

Meteorium bombycinum Renauld & Cardot, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 38(1): 26.1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Chamarajanagara or Mysuru), Kerala (Gangulee, 1974).

Trachypodopsis M. Fleisch.

Trachypodopsisserrulatavar.crispatula(Hook.) Zanten, Blumea 9: 521.1959; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

HypnumcrispatulumHook.,Trans. Linn. Soc. London 9: 321. 28 f. 4.1808.

Trachypuscrispatulus(Hook.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 129. 1859.

Trachypodopsiscrispatula(Hook.) M. Fleisch., Hedwigia 45: 65.1906.

Trachypodopsiscrispatulasubsp.longifoliaReimers, Hedwigia 71: 56.1931.

TrachypodopsisplicataDixon, Ann. Bryol. 9: 65.1937.

TrachypodopsisangustiretisDixon, Ann. Bryol. 12: 53.1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Meghalaya, Sikkim (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Myriniaceae

 

Macgregorella E.B. Bartram

 

Macgregorella indica (Broth.) W.R. Buck, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 47: 53. 1980;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 8. 2013.

Schwetschkea indica Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 328.1899.

Macgregorella philippinensis E.B. Bartram, Philipp. J. Sci. 68: 285. f. 363.1939.

Austinia brotheri W.R. Buck & H.A. Crum, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 44: 356. f. 13–16. 1978.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Neckeraceae

 

Himantocladium (Mitt.) M. Fleisch.

 

Himantocladium cyclophyllum (Müll. Hal.) M. Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg 3: 887.1908; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013. 'Himanthocladium'

Neckera rugulosa Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 121.1859.

Neckera bicolorata Müll. Hal.,Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 85.1883.

Neckera celebesica Müll. Hal.,Biblioth. Bot. 13: 6. 1889.

Neckera prionacis Müll. Hal., Biblioth. Bot. 13: 5. 3 A.1889.

Himantocladium seychellarum Dixon, Ann. Bryol. 2: 8.1929.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Homaliodendron M. Fleisch.

 

Homaliodendron flabellatum (Sm.) M. Fleisch.,Hedwigia 45: 74.1906.

Hookeria flabellata Sm., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 9: 280. 23 f. 2.1808.

Homalia flabellata (Sm.) Bosch & Sande Lac., Bryol. Jav. 2: 58. 178.1863;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013'flabellata (Dicks) Br.'

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899; Gangulee, 1974).

 

NeckeropsisReichdt.

 

Neckeropsisandamana(Müll. Hal.) M. Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg 3: 878.1908; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

DistichiaandamanaMüll. Hal., Flora 61: 84.1878.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Dixon, 1912).

 

PinnatellaM. Fleisch.

 

Pinnatellaalopecuroides(Mitt.) M. Fleisch., Hedwigia 45: 84.1906; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

NeckeraefructiferaGriff., Icon. Pl. Asiat. t. 87 f. 3.1849.

NeckeraalopecuroidesMitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 123.1859.

Porotrichumalopecuroides(Mitt.) Besch., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 34: 96.1887.

PinnatellaintralimbataM. Fleisch., Hedwigia 45: 82. 4.1906

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899; Gangulee, 1974).

 

PinnatellacalcutensisM. Fleisch., Hedwigia 45: 84.1906; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

Pinnatella alopecuroides var. calcutensis (M. Fleisch.) Gangulee, Mosses E. India 5: 1440. 1976.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912; Gangulee, 1976).

 

PinnatellalimbataDixon, J. Indian Bot. 2: 184. 8.1921; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shimoga, Uttara Kannada) (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Orthotrichaceae

 

MacromitriumBrid.

Macromitrium leptocarpum Broth.,Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 318. 1890;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 8. 2013.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga) (Brotherus, 1899; Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Macromitrium moorcroftii (Hook. & Grev.) Schwagr.,Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 2 2(1): 67. t. 172.1826;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 8. 2013.

Orthotrichum moorcroftii Hook. & Grev., Edinburgh J. Sci. 1: 116. 4.1824.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Macromitrium nigricans Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 53. 1859;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 8. 2013.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Mitten, 1859).

 

Macromitrium sulcatum (Hook.) Brid., Bryol. Univ. 1: 319.1826;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 8. 2013.

Schlotheimia sulcata Hook., Musci Exot.2: 156.1819.

Macromitrium ceylanicum Mitt., J. Proc.Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 52.1859.

Macromitrium neelgheriense Müll. Hal., Syn. Musc. Frond. 1: 737.1849.

Macromitrium ramentosum Thwaites & Mitt.,J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 301.1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga, Uttara Kannada), Maharashtra (Brotherus 1899; Gangulee, 1974).

Pilotrichaceae

ActinodontiumSchwagr.

 

Actinodontium rhaphidostegum (Müll. Hal.) Bosch & Sande Lac., Bryol. Jav. 2: 37. 160.1862; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 2. 2013.

Hookeria rhaphidostega Müll. Hal., Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 677.1851.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada, Udupi, Uttara Kannada) (Gangulee, 1974).

Callicostella (Müll. Hal.) Mitt.

 

Callicostella papillata (Mont.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl.136.1859; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

Hookeria papillata Mont., London J. Bot. 3: 632.1844.

Hookeria baileyi Broth., Oefvers. Förh. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. 33: 105.1891.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912).

Polytrichaceae

Pogonatum P. Beauv.

Pogonatum microstomum (R. Br. ex Schwagr.) Brid., Bryol. Univ. 2: 745.1827;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

Polytrichum microstomum R. Br. ex Schwagr., Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 2 2(1): 10. t. 154.1826.

Pogonatum subclavatum Dixon, Ann. Bryol. 12: 56. 1939.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shimoga) (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Pogonatum neesii (Müll. Hal.) Dozy, Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 4(1): 75.1856;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

Polytrichum neesii Müll. Hal., Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 563.1851.

Pogonatum aloides var. longicolle Mitt., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3: 192.1891.

Pogonatum aloides auct. non(Hedw.) P. Beauv.; Sundararagh.& Wadhwa, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 10(3 & 4): 347. 1968.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga, Uttara Kannada) (Brotherus, 1899; Sundararaghavan & Wadhwa, 1968; Gangulee, 1969).

 

Polytrichum Hedw.

 

Polytrichum hexagonum (Mitt.) Müll. Hal., Linnaea 36: 12.1869; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 9. 2013.

Pogonatum hexagonum Mitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 2: 151.1859.

Pogonatum strictifolium Broth. ex Gangulee, Nova Hedwigia 12: 419. t. 2.1966.

Pogonatum decolyi Broth. ex Gangulee, Nova Hedwigia 13: 126.1966.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu (Brotherus, 1899; Gangulee, 1969).

 

Pottiaceae

 

AnoectangiumSchwagr.

 

Anoectangium walkeri Broth.,Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 311.1899; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 2. 2013.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu), Maharashtra (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Barbula Hedw.

 

Barbula arcuata Griff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 2: 491.1842; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 2. 2013.

Barbula subulifolia Sull., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 5: 277.1861.

Barbula macrogonia Besch. in Morot, J. Bot. 8: 61. 1894.

Barbula suberythropoda Müll. Hal., Bull. Herb. Boissier 5: 194.1897.

Barbula sobolifera M. Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg 1: 351.1904.

Barbula stillicidiorum Cardot, Rev. Bryol. 37: 126. 1910.

Barbula comosa var. japonica Broth., Oefvers. Förh. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. 62A (9): 9.1921.

Barbula rubricaulis Thér., Smithsonian Misc. Collect. 85(4): 19. 10 f. 1–5.1931.

Barbula comosa Dozy & Molk., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 2: 299.1844.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Barbulaconsanguinea(Thwaites & Mitt.) A. Jaeger,Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1877–78: 409 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 673). 1880;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

Tortula consanguinea Thwaites & Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 300. 1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada, Dharwad) (Dixon, 1912).

 

BarbuladharvarensisDixon, J. Indian Bot. 2: 182. 7.1921; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013 'dharwaensis'.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1921), endemic.

 

Barbulaindica(Hook.) Spreng., Nomencl. Bot. 2: 72.1824; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

TrichostomumorientaleF. Weber, Arch. Syst. Naturgesch. 1(1): 129. 4, f. 6.1804.

TortulaindicaHook., Musci Exot. 2: 135.1819.

Semibarbulaindica(Hook.) Herzog ex Hilp., Beih. Bot. Centralbl., Abt. 2 50(2): 626.1933.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Barbulaspathulifolia(Dixon & P. de la Varde) R.H. Zander,  Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 32: 151.1993;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 3. 2013.

Merceyopsis spathulifolia Dixon & P. de la Varde, Arch. Bot. Bull. Mens. 1(8–9): 16. pl. 4: f. 5. 1927. 

Distribution: Karnataka (Dakshina  Kannada) (Aziz & Vohra, 2008).

 

ChionolomaDixon

 

Chionolomaduriuscula(Mitt.) M. Menzel, Willdenowia 22: 198.1992.

TortuladuriusculaMitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 27.1859.

Trichostomumduriusculum(Mitt.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 394.1902;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

Distribution: Karnataka (Shimoga) (Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

HyophilaBrid.

 

Hyophila cylindrica (Hook. ex Harv.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1871–72: 356 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 1: 204) 1873;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

Gymnostomum cylindricum Hook. ex Harv., Icon. Pl. 1: pl. 17: f. 2.1836.

Distribution:Karnataka (Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Shimoga), Maharashtra (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Hyophila involuta (Hook.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1871–72: 354 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 1: 202). 1873;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

Gymnostomum involutum Hook., Musci Exot. 2: 154.1819.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga, Kanadda) (Brotherus, 1899; Dixon, 1912; Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Syntrichia Brid.

 

Syntrichia fragilis (Taylor) Ochyra, Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 37: 212.1992;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

Tortula fragilis Taylor, London J. Bot. 6: 333. 1847. 

Barbula affinis Hampe, Linnaea 31: 520.1862

Barbula trianae Müll. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 15: 578.1857.

Tortula affinis (Hampe) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 433.1902.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Aziz & Vohra, 2008).

 

Tortella (Lindb.) Limpr.

 

Tortellawalkeri(Broth.) R.H. Zander, Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 32: 104.1993;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

HyophilawalkeriBroth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 317.1899.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Uttara Kannada) (Brotherus, 1899; Dixon, 1912).

 

TrichostomumBruch.

 

Trichostomumhyalinoblastum(Broth.)Broth.,Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 394.1902; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

TortellahyalinoblastaBroth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 318.1899.

Barbulahyalinoblasta(Broth.) Paris, Index Bryol. Suppl. 25.1900.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

WeissiaHedw.

 

WeissiaedentulaMitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 27.1859;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 12. 2013. 'Weisia'

GymnostomumpancherianumBesch.,Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 5, 18: 188.1873.

Hymenostomumedentulum(Mitt.) Besch.,Bull. Soc. Bot. France 34: 95. 1887; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

Hymenostomumpancherianum(Besch.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1877–78: 366 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 630). 1880.

Weissiaviridulavar.tenuisetaBesch.,Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 7, 17: 330.1893.

Distribution: Karnataka (Dharwad, Kodagu, Shimoga) (Brotherus, 1899; Sundararaghavan, 1968).

 

Pterobryaceae

 

Calyptothecium Mitt.

 

Calyptothecium urvilleanum (Müll. Hal.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 839.1906; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.
Neckera urvilleana Müll. Hal., Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 52. 1850. 

Calyptothecium mac-gregorii Broth., Philipp. J. Sci. 5: 154.1910.

Calyptothecium densirameum Broth., Rev. Bryol., n.s. 2: 9.1929.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899; Gangulee, 1974).

 

Calyptothecium wightii (Mitt.) M. Fleisch., Hedwigia 45: 62.1905; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.
Meteorium wightii Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. (Suppl.) 1: 85. 1859.

Meteorium nematosum Müll. Hal.,Flora 61: 84.1878.

Pterobryon patulum Broth.,Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 325.1899.

Calyptothecium dixonii Gangulee, Mosses E. India 5: 1371. f. 674.1976.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

PterobryopsisM. Fleisch.

 

Pterobryopsis foulkesiana (Mitt.) M. Fleisch., Hedwigia 45: 60.1905; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Meteorium foulkesianum Mitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 85.1859.

Garovaglia foulkesiana (Mitt.) Paris, Index Bryol. 508.1896.

Pterobryon gracile Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 324.1899.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Tamil Nadu (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Pterobryopsis frondosa (Mitt.) M. Fleisch., Hedwigia 45: 60.1905; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Meteorium frondosum Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 86.1859.

Garovaglia frondosa (Mitt.) Paris, Index Bryol. 508.1896

Garovaglia scabriuscula (Mitt.) Paris, Index Bryol. 510.1896.

Pterobryon frondosum (Mitt.) Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 324. 1899.

Pterobryopsis scabriuscula (Mitt.) M. Fleisch., Hedwigia 45: 61.1905. Pterobryopsis madurensis Cardot & P. de la Varde, Rev. Bryol. 50: 72.1923

Pterobryopsis madurensis var. flexipendula Cardot & P. de la Varde, Rev. Bryol. 50: 72.1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu)(Brotherus 1899; Gangulee, 1974).

 

Pterobryopsis kegeliana (Müll. Hal.) M. Fleisch., Hedwigia 45: 61.1905; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Neckera kegeliana Müll. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 16: 165.1858.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Pterobryopsis schmidii (Müll. Hal.) M. Fleisch., Hedwigia 45:61.1905; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Neckera schmidii Müll. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 12: 571.1854.

Meteorium flexipes Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 85.1859.

Garovaglia schmidii (Müll. Hal.) Paris,Index Bryol. 510.1896.

Pterobryon schmidii(Müll. Hal.) Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1 (12): 325. 1899.

Pterobryopsis denudata Dixon & P. de la Varde, Rev. Bryol. 50: 72.1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Pterobryopsis tumida (Dicks. ex Hook.) Dixon, J. Bot. 75: 122.1937; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Neckera tumida Dicks. ex Hook., Musci Exot. 2: 158.1819.

Trachyloma recurvulum Broth., Oefvers. Förh. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. 35: 53.1893.

Neckera recurvula (Broth.) Paris, Index Bryol. 857.1897.

Calyptothecium tumidum (Dicks. ex Hook.) M. Fleisch., Musci Frond. Archip. Ind. Exsic. 5: 222.1902.

Calyptothecium recurvulum (Broth.) Broth., Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 13: 86. 5.1904.

Aerobryum willisii M. Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg 3: 846.1908

Pterobryopsis maxwellii Cardot & Dixon, J. Bot. 47: 160. 497 B. f. 1–4.1909.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1909, 1912; Gangulee, 1974).

 

Pterobryopsis walkeri (Broth.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 803.1906; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Pterobryon walkeri Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 324.1899.

Pterobryopsis kanarensis Cardot & Dixon, J. Bot. 47: 163,497 B f. 5, 6.1909.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1909).

 

SymphysodontellaM. Fleisch.

 

Symphysodontella involuta (Thwaites & Mitt.) M. Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg 4: 1674.1923;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

Pterobryon involutum Thwaites & Mitt.,J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 315.1873.

Symphysodon involutus (Thwaites & Mitt.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 799.1906.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Racopilaceae

 

Racopilum P.Beauv.

 

Racopilum cuspidigerum (Schwagr.) Ångström, Öfvers. Förh. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. 29(4): 10.1872;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Hypnum cuspidigerum Schwagr., Voy. Uranie 229.1828.

Racopilum indicum Mitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 136.1859.

Racopilum demissum Bosch & Sande Lac., Bryol. Jav. 2: 18. 146.1861.

Racopilum cuspidigerum var. abbreviatum M. Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg 4: 1625.1923.

Racopilum cuspidigerum var. demissum (Bosch & Sande Lac.) M. Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg 4: 1625.1923.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga) (Brotherus, 1899; Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

Sematophyllaceae

 

ChionostomumMull. Hal.

 

Chionostomumrostratum(Griff.) Müll. Hal., Linnaea 36: 21.1869; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 4. 2013.

NeckerarostrataGriff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 3: 70.1843.

ChionostomumlatifoliumThér. & R. Henry, J. Siam Soc., Nat. Hist. Suppl. 10(1): 20. 1935.

Chionostomumrostratumvar.microcarpumBroth., Oefvers. Förh. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. 62A(9): 50 1921.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu)(Brotherus 1899; Gangulee, 1980).

 

SematophyllumMitt.

 

Sematophyllum angusticuspis Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 316. 1899;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Sematophyllum tristiculum(Mitt.) M.Fleisch., Musci Buitenzorg4: 1262. 1923.

Stereodon tristiculus Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl.102. 1859.

Rhaphidostegium tristiculum (Mitt.) A.Jaeger,Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges.1876–77: 392 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 458). 1878;Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(19): 326. 1899; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.'Rhamphidostegium tristiculum'

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899; Frahm et al., 2013).

 

Taxithelium Spruce ex Mitt.

 

Taxithelium nepalense (Schwagr.) Broth., Monsunia 1: 51.1899; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

Hypnum nepalense Schwagr., Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 3 1(2): 226.1828.

Hypnum turgidellum Müll. Hal., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 87.1883.

Taxithelium trachaelophyllum Dixon, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 51: 243. f.3.1924.

Distribution: Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912; Gangulee, 1980). 

TrichosteleumMitt.

Trichosteleummonostictum(Thwaites & Mitt.) Broth., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(12): 326.1899; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

SematophyllummonostictumThwaites & Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 318.1873.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu, Uttara Kannada) (Brotherus, 1899; Dixon, 1912).

 

Splachnaceae

 

Tayloria Hook.

 

Tayloria schmidii (Müll. Hal.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 503.1903; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

Orthodon subglaber Griff., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 2: 483.1842. 

Tayloria subglabra (Griff.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 57.1859.Dissodon schmidii Müll. Hal., Flora 57: 287.1874

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

 

 

 

Stereophyllaceae

 

EntodontopsisBroth.

 

Entodontopsisanceps(Bosch & Sande Lac.) W.R. Buck & R.R. Ireland, Nova Hedwigia 41: 103.1985;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

HypnumancepsBosch & Sande Lac., Bryol. Jav. 2: 161, t. 260.1867.

HypnumllanosiiDuby, Flora 60: 92.1877.

StereophyllumoahuenseBroth., Bernice P. Bishop Mus. Bull. 40: 28. 8f. 29.1927

StereophyllumphilippinenseBroth.,Philipp. J. Sci. 31: 294.1926.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912).

 

Entodontopsiswightii(Mitt.) W.R. Buck & R.R. Ireland, Nova Hedwigia 41: 106. 1985;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

HypnumwightiiMitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 82.1859.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Dakshina Kannada), Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu (Brotherus, 1899; Gangulee, 1980).

 

Symphyodontaceae

Symphyodon Mont.

 

Symphyodon perrottetii Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 16: 279. 17.1841; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 10. 2013.

Glossadelphus recurvo-marginatus Dixon & Sakurai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 50: 620. 10.1936.

Symphyodon merrillii Broth., Philipp. J. Sci. 2: 341. 1907.

Distribution:Karnataka (Uttara Kannada) (Dixon, 1912).

 

Thuidiaceae

 

Cyrto-hypnum (Hampe) Hampe & Lorentz

 

Cyrto-hypnumtamariscellum(Müll. Hal.) W.R. Buck & H.A. Crum, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 17: 67.1990;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 5. 2013.

HypnumtamariscellumMüll. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 12: 573.1854.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus 1899; Gangulee, 1980).

 

PelekiumMitt.

 

PelekiumvelatumMitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 176. t. 6,f. c. 1868; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 7. 2013.

LorentzialongirostrisHampe, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 4: 288.1872.

PelekiumcalcicolaM. Fleisch.,Musci Buitenzorg 4: 1511. f. 240.1923.

PelekiumfissicalyxMüll. Hal.,Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 87.1883.

Thuidiumfissicalyx(Müll. Hal.) Paris, Index Bryol. 1280.1898.

.

Distribution:Karnataka (Kodagu, Shimoga, Uttara Kannada) (Brotherus, 1899; Dixon, 1912; Sundararaghavan& Wadhwa, 1968).

 

ThuidiumSchimp.

 

Thuidiumblepharophyllum(Müll. Hal.) A. Jaeger, Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 263 (Gen. Sp. Musc. 2: 329). 1878;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013 'blepharopyhllum'.

HypnumblepharophyllumMüll. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 12: 573.1854.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Thuidiumglaucinum(Mitt.) Bosch & Sande Lac., Bryol. Jav. 2: 117. 222.1865; J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

LeskeaglaucinaMitt.,J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 133.1859.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu), Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim (Brotherus, 1899).

 

Thuidiummeyenianum(Hampe) Dozy & Molk.,Bryol. Jav. 2: 121. 224.1865;J.-P. Frahm, U. Schwarz & C.N. Manju, Arch. Bryol. 158: 11. 2013.

HypnummeyenianumHampe,Icon. Musc. 8.1844.

Distribution: Karnataka (Kodagu) (Gangulee, 1980).

 

 

Acknowledgements

            DKS, SKS and  DS thank Dr. M. Sanjappa, former Director, Botanical Survey of India, for encouragement and Dr Paramjit Singh, the present Director, BSI, Kolkata for facilities.

 

References

 

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Asthana, G. & Shukla, A. 2009. epiphyllous species of Drepanolejeunea (Spruce) Schiffn. new to the Indian bryoflora.  J. Bryol. 31: 139  – 142.

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Brotherus, V.F. 1899. Contributions to the bryological flora of Southern India. Report on a collection of mosses made by Dr. T.L. Walker in Coorg during the cold weather of 1987–98.Rec. Bot. Surv. India 1(19):  311 – 329.

Chopra, R.S.1938. Notes on Indian Hepaticae. I. South India. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci.  7 B: 239 – 251.

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