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GYMNOSPERMS OF KARNATAKA

 A CHECKLIST

 

M. SANJAPPA

Mahtma Gandhi Botanical Garden

University of Agricultural Sciences

GKVK, Bengaluru 560 065

 

Support

 

R.N.M. Sahai, Chairman

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

 

R. K. Singh, Member Secretary

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

​ 

Government of Karnataka

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

(Forest, Ecology and Environment Department)

Ground Floor, “Vanavikas”’18th Cross, Malleshwaram

Bengaluru 560 003

Analysis of Gymnosperms

 

Family

No. of Genera

No. of Species

No. of Subspecies

No. of Varieties

Endemic species

Araucariaceae

2

5

-

-

-

Cupressaceae


1

4

-

-

-

Cycadaceae

2

10

-

-

2

Gnetaceae

2

3

-

-

-

Pinaceae

1

4

-

-

-

Total

8

26

-

-

-

 

 

Araucariaceae

 

Araucaria Juss.

 

Araucaria bidwillii Hook.,London J. Bot. 2: 503.1843.

Columbea bidwillii (Hook.) Carrière,Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2: 601.1867.

Marywildea bidwillii (Hook.) A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan,Komarovia 4: 58.2006.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to Australia.

Local names: Bidwill’s araucaria, The bunya pine, Bunya Araucaria (English).

 

Araucaria columnaris (G.Forst.) Hook.,Bot. Mag. 78: t. 4635.1852.

Cupressus columnaris G.Forst.,Fl. Ins. Austr. 67.1786.

Dombeya excelsa Lamb.,Descr. Pinus 87.1806.

Araucaria excelsa (Lamb.) R.Br.,Hortus Kew. 5: 412.1813.

Columbea excelsa (Lamb.) Spreng.,Syst. Veg. 4(2.): 215.1827.

Eutacta excelsa (Lamb.) Link,Linnaea 15: 544.1841.

Araucaria cookii R.Br. ex Endl.,Syn. Conif. 188.1847.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to New Caledonia

Local names: Cook,s pine, Cook’s araucaria, Columnar araucaria, New Caledonia pine, The Coral reef araucaria, (English).

 

Araucaria cunninghamii Aiton ex D.Don,Descr. Pinus ed. 2, 3: t. 79.1837.

Eutacta cunninghamii (Aiton ex D.Don) Link, Linnaea 15: 545.1841.

Eutassa cunninghamii (Aiton ex D.Don) G.Don, Hort. Brit. ed. 3: 623.1839.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to Australia

Local name: Cunningham’s Araucaria, Colonial Pine, Hoop Pine, Moreton Bay Pine Queensland Pine (English).

 

Juniperus

 

Juniperus chinensis L.,Mant. Pl. 127.1767.

Juniperus cernua Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed.2. 3: 839.1832.

Sabina dimorpha (Roxb.) Antoine, Cupress.-Gatt. 70.1857.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to E Asia and S Russia.

Local name: Chinese Juniper (English)

 

 

Juniperus communis L., Sp. Pl. 1040.1753.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), wild in W Himalaya, cultivated elsewhere in India;Temperate regions of Africa, Asia, Europe, N America.

Local name: The common juniper (English)

 

Cupressaceae

 

Cupressus L.

 

Cupressus funebris Endl.,Syn. Conif. 58.1847.

Platycyparis funebris (Endl.) A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan, Komarovia 4: 73.2006.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), cultivated throughout India; native to China

Local name: Chinese Weeping Cypress (English)

 

Cupressus lusitanica Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8, 3.1768.

Cupressus glauca Lam.,Encycl. 2: 243.1786.

Callitropsis lusitanica (Mill.) D.P.Little, Syst. Bot. 31: 474.2006.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to Mexico and C America.

Local names: White Cedar, Mexican White Cedar (English)

 

Cupressus sempervirens L., Sp. Pl. 1002.1753.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to the eastern Mediterranean region

Local names: The Mediterranean, Italian, Tuscan, or graveyard cypress, pencil pine (English)

 

Cupressus torulosa D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 55.1825.

Cupressus nepalensis Loudon, Encycl. Trees Shrubs 1118.1842.

Cupressus sempervirens var. indica Parl.,Prodr. 16(2): 471.1868.

Cupressus doniana Hook.f.,Fl. Brit. India 5: 645.1888.

Cupressus lusitanica subsp. torulosa (D.Don) Silba & D.Z.Fu, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 28: 470.2006.

Cupressus lusitanica subsp. torulosa (D.Don) Silba & Brian Chen, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 12: 85.2005.

Cupressus sempervirens subsp. indica (Parl.) Silba,J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 12: 97.2005.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), cultivated throughout India; native to Himalaya.

Local names: The Himalayan cypress, Bhutan cypress (English)

 

Cycadaceae

 

Cycas L.

 

Cycas circinalis L., Sp. Pl. 1188.1753; B.D.Sharma et al., Fl. Karnataka Anal. 263.1984.

Karnataka (Bengaluru, Hassan, Mandya, Mysore, Tumkur), Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, cultivated elsewhere in parks and gardens), endemic.

Local name : Goddu ichala (Kannada).

 

Cycas indica A.Lindstr. & K.D.Hill, Telopea 11: 481.2007.

Karnataka (Hassan), endemic.

 

Cycas revoluta Thunb.,Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 4: 40.1783.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to China and Japan.

 

Cycas rumphii Miq., Bull. Sci. Phys. Nat. Néerl. 2: 45.1839.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), natve to SE Asia and Indian Ocean Islands

 

Cycas swamyi Rita Singh & P.Radha, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158: 431.2008.

Karnataka (Mandya), endemic.

 

Zamia

 

Zamia acuminata Oerst. ex Dyer,Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 3: 194.1884.

Karnataka (Cultivated as an ornamental), native to

Local names: (English).

 

Zamia angustifolia Jacq., Collectanea 3: 263.1791.

Palmifolium angustifolium (Jacq.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803.1891.

Karnataka (Cultivated as an ornamental), native to

Local names: (English).

 

Zamia fischeri Miq. ex Lem., Hortus Van Houtteanus 1(1): 20.1845.

Palmifolium fischeri (Miq. ex Lem.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803.1891.

Karnataka (Cultivated as an ornamental), native to

Local names: (English).

 

Zamia furfuracea L.f. ex Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 477.1789.

Palmifolium furfuraceum (L.f. ex Aiton) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803.1891.

Karnataka (Cultivated as an ornamental), native to Veracruz and Mexico.

Local names: Cardboard Cycad, Cardboard Plant, Cardboard Sago, Jamaican Sago, Mexican Cycad (English).

 

Zamia pygmaea Sims, Bot. Mag. 42: t. 1741.1815.

Palmifolium pygmaeum (Sims) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803.1891.

Karnataka (Cultivated as an ornamental), native to

Local names: (English).

 

Gnetaceae

 

Gnetum L.

 

Gnetum scandens Roxb., Hort. Bengal. 66.1814.

Gnetum funiculare Brongn., Voy. Monde Phan.: 12.1829.

Karnataka (Belgaum, Chickmagalur, Dakshina Kannada, Shimoga, Udupi?, Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, N E India; S E Asia.

 

Gnetum ula Brongn.,Voy. Monde Phan.: 12.1829; B.D.Sharma et al., Fl. Karnataka Anal. 263.1984.

Karnataka (Belgaum, Chickmagaluru, Dakshina Kannada, Shimoga, Udupi?, Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Goa, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, N E India; S E Asia.

Local name: Kodakan balli, Navaru katte (Kannada), Ombal (Kunabi).

 

 

Ephedra L.

 

Ephedra foliata Boiss. ex C.A.Mey., Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. VI, 6: 107.1846.

Karnataka (cultivated in University Botanical Gardens), Gujarat, Punjab, Rajasthan; C Asia, Pakistan, NW Africa, West Asia.

Local names: Shrubby horsetail (English).

 

Pinaceae

 

Pinus L.

 

Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis (Sénécl.) W.H.Barrett & Golfari, Caribbean Forester 23: 65.1962; Torvi, G.S.Kariyappa & B.K.M.Amanulla, Indian Forest. 587. 1998.

Pinus hondurensis Sénécl.,Conifères 126.1868.

Pinus caribaea subsp. hondurensis (Sénécl.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16: 17.2009.

Karnataka (cultivated), native to Mexico, S America, The Carribeana.

Local name: Honduras pine (English).

 

Pinus pinaster Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 367. 1789;Torvi, G.S.Kariyappa & B.K.M.Amanulla, Indian Forest. 587. 1998.

Karnataka (cultivated), native to Mediterranean region.

Local names: The maritime pine, Cluster pine (English).

 

Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon,Gard. Mag. & Reg. Rural Domest. Improv. 16: 8.1840;Torvi, G.S.Kariyappa & B.K.M.Amanulla, Indian Forest. 587. 1998.

Pinus khasyana Griff., Itin. Pl. Khasyah Mts. 58.1848.

Pinus kasya Royle ex Parl., Prodr. 16(2): 390.1868.

Pinus insularis var. khasyana (Griff.) Silba, Phytologia 68: 51.1990.

Karnataka (cultivated in Karnataka), Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya; China, SE Asia.

Local names:Khasi pine, Benguet pine,  Three-needled pine (English).

 

Pinus oocarpa Schiede, Linnaea 12: 491.1838;Torvi, G.S.Kariyappa & B.K.M.Amanulla, Indian Forest. 588. 1998.

Pinus oocarpa var. manzanoi Martínez, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 11: 70.1940.

Pinus oocarpoides Lindl. ex Loudon, Encycl. Trees Shrubs 1118.1842.

Pinus oocarpa var. oocarpoides (Lindl. ex Loudon) Endl., Syn. Conif. 152. 1847.

Pinus oocarpa subsp. manzanoi (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16: 29.2009.

Karnataka (cultivated), native to Mexico and C America.

Local names:Mexican yellow pine, Hazelnut pine (English).

 

gymnosperms


 

GYMNOSPERMS OF KARNATAKA

 A CHECKLIST

 

 

 

 

 

 

M. SANJAPPA

Mahtma Gandhi Botanical Garden

University of Agricultural Sciences

GKVK, Bengaluru 560 065

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Support

 

R.N.M. Sahai, Chairman

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

 

R. K. Singh, Member Secretary

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Government of Karnataka

Karnataka Biodiversity Board

(Forest, Ecology and Environment Department)

Ground Floor, “Vanavikas”’18th Cross, Malleshwaram

Bengaluru 560 003

Analysis of Gymnosperms

 

Family

No. of Genera

No. of Species

No. of Subspecies

No. of Varieties

Endemic species

Araucariaceae

2

5

-

-

-

Cupressaceae

1

4

-

-

-

Cycadaceae

2

10

-

-

2

Gnetaceae

2

3

-

-

-

Pinaceae

1

4

-

-

-

Total

8

26

-

-

-

 

 

Araucariaceae

 

Araucaria Juss.

 

Araucaria bidwillii Hook.,London J. Bot. 2: 503.1843.

Columbea bidwillii (Hook.) Carrière,Traité Gén. Conif. ed. 2: 601.1867.

Marywildea bidwillii (Hook.) A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan,Komarovia 4: 58.2006.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to Australia.

Local names: Bidwill’s araucaria, The bunya pine, Bunya Araucaria (English).

 

Araucaria columnaris (G.Forst.) Hook.,Bot. Mag. 78: t. 4635.1852.

Cupressus columnaris G.Forst.,Fl. Ins. Austr. 67.1786.

Dombeya excelsa Lamb.,Descr. Pinus 87.1806.

Araucaria excelsa (Lamb.) R.Br.,Hortus Kew. 5: 412.1813.

Columbea excelsa (Lamb.) Spreng.,Syst. Veg. 4(2.): 215.1827.

Eutacta excelsa (Lamb.) Link,Linnaea 15: 544.1841.

Araucaria cookii R.Br. ex Endl.,Syn. Conif. 188.1847.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to New Caledonia

Local names: Cook,s pine, Cook’s araucaria, Columnar araucaria, New Caledonia pine, The Coral reef araucaria, (English).

 

Araucaria cunninghamii Aiton ex D.Don,Descr. Pinus ed. 2, 3: t. 79.1837.

Eutacta cunninghamii (Aiton ex D.Don) Link, Linnaea 15: 545.1841.

Eutassa cunninghamii (Aiton ex D.Don) G.Don, Hort. Brit. ed. 3: 623.1839.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to Australia

Local name: Cunningham’s Araucaria, Colonial Pine, Hoop Pine, Moreton Bay Pine Queensland Pine (English).

 

Juniperus

 

Juniperus chinensis L.,Mant. Pl. 127.1767.

Juniperus cernua Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed.2. 3: 839.1832.

Sabina dimorpha (Roxb.) Antoine, Cupress.-Gatt. 70.1857.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to E Asia and S Russia.

Local name: Chinese Juniper (English)

 

 

Juniperus communis L., Sp. Pl. 1040.1753.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), wild in W Himalaya, cultivated elsewhere in India;Temperate regions of Africa, Asia, Europe, N America.

Local name: The common juniper (English)

 

Cupressaceae

 

Cupressus L.

 

Cupressus funebris Endl.,Syn. Conif. 58.1847.

Platycyparis funebris (Endl.) A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan, Komarovia 4: 73.2006.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), cultivated throughout India; native to China

Local name: Chinese Weeping Cypress (English)

 

Cupressus lusitanica Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8, 3.1768.

Cupressus glauca Lam.,Encycl. 2: 243.1786.

Callitropsis lusitanica (Mill.) D.P.Little, Syst. Bot. 31: 474.2006.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to Mexico and C America.

Local names: White Cedar, Mexican White Cedar (English)

 

Cupressus sempervirens L., Sp. Pl. 1002.1753.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to the eastern Mediterranean region

Local names: The Mediterranean, Italian, Tuscan, or graveyard cypress, pencil pine (English)

 

Cupressus torulosa D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 55.1825.

Cupressus nepalensis Loudon, Encycl. Trees Shrubs 1118.1842.

Cupressus sempervirens var. indica Parl.,Prodr. 16(2): 471.1868.

Cupressus doniana Hook.f.,Fl. Brit. India 5: 645.1888.

Cupressus lusitanica subsp. torulosa (D.Don) Silba & D.Z.Fu, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 28: 470.2006.

Cupressus lusitanica subsp. torulosa (D.Don) Silba & Brian Chen, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 12: 85.2005.

Cupressus sempervirens subsp. indica (Parl.) Silba,J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 12: 97.2005.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), cultivated throughout India; native to Himalaya.

Local names: The Himalayan cypress, Bhutan cypress (English)

 

Cycadaceae

 

Cycas L.

 

Cycas circinalis L., Sp. Pl. 1188.1753; B.D.Sharma et al., Fl. Karnataka Anal. 263.1984.

Karnataka (Bengaluru, Hassan, Mandya, Mysore, Tumkur), Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, cultivated elsewhere in parks and gardens), endemic.

Local name : Goddu ichala (Kannada).

 

Cycas indica A.Lindstr. & K.D.Hill, Telopea 11: 481.2007.

Karnataka (Hassan), endemic.

 

Cycas revoluta Thunb.,Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 4: 40.1783.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), native to China and Japan.

 

Cycas rumphii Miq., Bull. Sci. Phys. Nat. Néerl. 2: 45.1839.

Karnataka (cultivated in parka and gardens), natve to SE Asia and Indian Ocean Islands

 

Cycas swamyi Rita Singh & P.Radha, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158: 431.2008.

Karnataka (Mandya), endemic.

 

Zamia

 

Zamia acuminata Oerst. ex Dyer,Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 3: 194.1884.

Karnataka (Cultivated as an ornamental), native to

Local names: (English).

 

Zamia angustifolia Jacq., Collectanea 3: 263.1791.

Palmifolium angustifolium (Jacq.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803.1891.

Karnataka (Cultivated as an ornamental), native to

Local names: (English).

 

Zamia fischeri Miq. ex Lem., Hortus Van Houtteanus 1(1): 20.1845.

Palmifolium fischeri (Miq. ex Lem.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803.1891.

Karnataka (Cultivated as an ornamental), native to

Local names: (English).

 

Zamia furfuracea L.f. ex Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 477.1789.

Palmifolium furfuraceum (L.f. ex Aiton) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803.1891.

Karnataka (Cultivated as an ornamental), native to Veracruz and Mexico.

Local names: Cardboard Cycad, Cardboard Plant, Cardboard Sago, Jamaican Sago, Mexican Cycad (English).

 

Zamia pygmaea Sims, Bot. Mag. 42: t. 1741.1815.

Palmifolium pygmaeum (Sims) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 803.1891.

Karnataka (Cultivated as an ornamental), native to

Local names: (English).

 

Gnetaceae

 

Gnetum L.

 

Gnetum scandens Roxb., Hort. Bengal. 66.1814.

Gnetum funiculare Brongn., Voy. Monde Phan.: 12.1829.

Karnataka (Belgaum, Chickmagalur, Dakshina Kannada, Shimoga, Udupi?, Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, N E India; S E Asia.

 

Gnetum ula Brongn.,Voy. Monde Phan.: 12.1829; B.D.Sharma et al., Fl. Karnataka Anal. 263.1984.

Karnataka (Belgaum, Chickmagaluru, Dakshina Kannada, Shimoga, Udupi?, Uttara Kannada), Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Goa, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, N E India; S E Asia.

Local name: Kodakan balli, Navaru katte (Kannada), Ombal (Kunabi).

 

 

Ephedra L.

 

Ephedra foliata Boiss. ex C.A.Mey., Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. VI, 6: 107.1846.

Karnataka (cultivated in University Botanical Gardens), Gujarat, Punjab, Rajasthan; C Asia, Pakistan, NW Africa, West Asia.

Local names: Shrubby horsetail (English).

 

Pinaceae

 

Pinus L.

 

Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis (Sénécl.) W.H.Barrett & Golfari, Caribbean Forester 23: 65.1962; Torvi, G.S.Kariyappa & B.K.M.Amanulla, Indian Forest. 587. 1998.

Pinus hondurensis Sénécl.,Conifères 126.1868.

Pinus caribaea subsp. hondurensis (Sénécl.) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16: 17.2009.

Karnataka (cultivated), native to Mexico, S America, The Carribeana.

Local name: Honduras pine (English).

 

Pinus pinaster Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 367. 1789;Torvi, G.S.Kariyappa & B.K.M.Amanulla, Indian Forest. 587. 1998.

Karnataka (cultivated), native to Mediterranean region.

Local names: The maritime pine, Cluster pine (English).

 

Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon,Gard. Mag. & Reg. Rural Domest. Improv. 16: 8.1840;Torvi, G.S.Kariyappa & B.K.M.Amanulla, Indian Forest. 587. 1998.

Pinus khasyana Griff., Itin. Pl. Khasyah Mts. 58.1848.

Pinus kasya Royle ex Parl., Prodr. 16(2): 390.1868.

Pinus insularis var. khasyana (Griff.) Silba, Phytologia 68: 51.1990.

Karnataka (cultivated in Karnataka), Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya; China, SE Asia.

Local names:Khasi pine, Benguet pine,  Three-needled pine (English).

 

Pinus oocarpa Schiede, Linnaea 12: 491.1838;Torvi, G.S.Kariyappa & B.K.M.Amanulla, Indian Forest. 588. 1998.

Pinus oocarpa var. manzanoi Martínez, Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 11: 70.1940.

Pinus oocarpoides Lindl. ex Loudon, Encycl. Trees Shrubs 1118.1842.

Pinus oocarpa var. oocarpoides (Lindl. ex Loudon) Endl., Syn. Conif. 152. 1847.

Pinus oocarpa subsp. manzanoi (Martínez) Silba, J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 16: 29.2009.

Karnataka (cultivated), native to Mexico and C America.

Local names:Mexican yellow pine, Hazelnut pine (English).

 

ಇಲ್ಲಿನ ವಿಷಯಗಳ ಸ್ವತ್ತು ಮತ್ತು ನಿರ್ವಹಣೆ : ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ಜೀವವೈವಿಧ್ಯ ಮಂಡಳಿ, ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ಸರ್ಕಾರ

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