​ Watershed in Karnataka Before Independence

During 1923 the Royal Commission on Agriculture suggested the setting-up of research stations in Bijapur, Hagari and Raichur. Based on this, dry farming stations were established in Raichur, Hagri and Bijapur in Karnataka under the dry land farming following system were introduced:

  • Contour ​bunding to check run off. 
  •  Deep ploughing once in 3 years for percolation of water 
  •  Use of farm yard manure.​ 
  •  Interculturing of crop for limited moisture use.